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Ellen L. Burnham

TitleAssociate Professor
InstitutionUniversity of Colorado Denver - Anschutz Medical Campus

    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse awards and honors
    2013Professional Leadership Award, University of Colorado
    2008Giles F. Filley Memorial Award in Respiratory Physiology and Medicine, American Physiological Society
    1995Alpha Omega Alpha Honor Society, University of Texas-Southwestern Medical School
    1991Phi Beta Kappa, Texas Christian University

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse overview
    I am a pulmonary and critical care physician who also performs clinical and translational research. Our group's research focuses on the effect of alcohol and other drug consumption on the development of pneumonia and lung injury. Along with local and national collaborators, we have formed a consortium to enable translational investigations in this area, and have developed a biorepository to facilitate these investigations. Please see our consortium's website: CoPARC Other research interests of mine include junior faculty development, specifically, understanding and developing elements of the mentor-mentee relationship to promote career success. I am an Associate Program Director for the CCTSI's KL2 Mentored Career Development program that supports this role.
    Finally, I am the Medical Director of the University of Colorado's Medical ICU, where I am actively involved in multidisciplinary quality initiatives relevant to care of critically ill patients.

    Collapse Research 
    Collapse research activities and funding
    K23AA013918     (BURNHAM, ELLEN L)Apr 1, 2003 - Dec 31, 2009
    Alcohol, glutathione, and alveolar macrophage function
    Role: Principal Investigator

    R24AA019661     (BURNHAM, ELLEN L)Aug 1, 2011 - Mar 31, 2023
    Clinical Resource for Lung and Alcohol Investigations
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse selected publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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    1. Van Matre ET, Reynolds PM, MacLaren R, Mueller SW, Wright GC, Moss M, Burnham EL, Ho PM, Vandivier RW, Kiser TH. Evaluation of unfractionated heparin versus low-molecular-weight heparin and fondaparinux for pharmacologic venous thromboembolic prophylaxis in critically ill patients with cancer. J Thromb Haemost. 2018 Oct 22. PMID: 30347498.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Kiser TH, Burnham EL, Clark B, Ho PM, Allen RR, Moss M, Vandivier RW. Half-Dose Versus Full-Dose Alteplase for Treatment of Pulmonary Embolism. Crit Care Med. 2018 Oct; 46(10):1617-1625. PMID: 29979222.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Gaydos J, McNally A, Burnham EL. The Impact of Alcohol Use Disorders on Pulmonary Immune Cell Inflammatory Responses to Streptococcus pneumoniae. Alcohol. 2018 Sep 05. PMID: 30195043.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Afshar M, Burnham EL, Joyce C, Kovacs EJ, Lowery EM. Optimal Cut-Points for Phosphatidylethanol Vary by Clinical Setting: Response to Nguyen and Seth's (2018) Letter to the Editor. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2018 Oct; 42(10):2064-2065. PMID: 30059162.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Breathett K, Liu WG, Allen LA, Daugherty SL, Blair IV, Jones J, Grunwald GK, Moss M, Kiser TH, Burnham E, Vandivier RW, Clark BJ, Lewis EF, Mazimba S, Battaglia C, Ho PM, Peterson PN. African Americans Are Less Likely to Receive Care by a Cardiologist During an Intensive Care Unit Admission for Heart Failure. JACC Heart Fail. 2018 May; 6(5):413-420. PMID: 29724363.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Afshar M, Burnham EL, Joyce C, Gagnon R, Dunn R, Albright JM, Ramirez L, Repine JE, Netzer G, Kovacs EJ. Injury Characteristics and von Willebrand Factor for the Prediction of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome in Patients With Burn Injury: Development and Internal Validation. Ann Surg. 2018 Apr 24. PMID: 29697443.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Sottile PD, Kiser TH, Burnham EL, Ho PM, Allen RR, Vandivier RW, Moss M. An Observational Study of the Efficacy of Cisatracurium Compared with Vecuronium in Patients with or at Risk for Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2018 Apr 01; 197(7):897-904. PMID: 29241014.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Kelmenson DA, Held N, Allen RR, Quan D, Burnham EL, Clark BJ, Ho PM, Kiser TH, Vandivier RW, Moss M. The authors reply. Crit Care Med. 2018 Apr; 46(4):e347-e348. PMID: 29538131.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Kelmenson DA, Held N, Allen RR, Quan D, Burnham EL, Clark BJ, Ho PM, Kiser TH, Vandivier RW, Moss M. Outcomes of ICU Patients With a Discharge Diagnosis of Critical Illness Polyneuromyopathy: A Propensity-Matched Analysis. Crit Care Med. 2017 Dec; 45(12):2055-2060. PMID: 29019851.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Sapkota M, Burnham EL, DeVasure JM, Sweeter JM, Hunter CD, Duryee MJ, Klassen LW, Kharbanda KK, Sisson JH, Thiele GM, Wyatt TA. Malondialdehyde-Acetaldehyde (MAA) Protein Adducts Are Found Exclusively in the Lungs of Smokers with Alcohol Use Disorders and Are Associated with Systemic Anti-MAA Antibodies. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2017 Dec; 41(12):2093-2099. PMID: 28941289.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Frankel JH, Boe DM, Albright JM, O'Halloran EB, Carter SR, Davis CS, Ramirez L, Burnham EL, Gamelli RL, Afshar M, Kovacs EJ. Age-related immune responses after burn and inhalation injury are associated with altered clinical outcomes. Exp Gerontol. 2018 May; 105:78-86. PMID: 29080833.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Neudecker V, Brodsky KS, Clambey ET, Schmidt EP, Packard TA, Davenport B, Standiford TJ, Weng T, Fletcher AA, Barthel L, Masterson JC, Furuta GT, Cai C, Blackburn MR, Ginde AA, Graner MW, Janssen WJ, Zemans RL, Evans CM, Burnham EL, Homann D, Moss M, Kreth S, Zacharowski K, Henson PM, Eltzschig HK. Neutrophil transfer of miR-223 to lung epithelial cells dampens acute lung injury in mice. Sci Transl Med. 2017 Sep 20; 9(408). PMID: 28931657.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Afshar M, Burnham EL, Joyce C, Clark BJ, Yong M, Gaydos J, Cooper RS, Smith GS, Kovacs EJ, Lowery EM. Cut-Point Levels of Phosphatidylethanol to Identify Alcohol Misuse in a Mixed Cohort Including Critically Ill Patients. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2017 Oct; 41(10):1745-1753. PMID: 28792620.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Afshar M, Netzer G, Mosier MJ, Cooper RS, Adams W, Burnham EL, Kovacs EJ, Durazo-Arvizu R, Kliethermes S. The Contributing Risk of Tobacco Use for ARDS Development in Burn-Injured Adults With Inhalation Injury. Respir Care. 2017 Nov; 62(11):1456-1465. PMID: 28900039.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Samuelson DR, Burnham EL, Maffei VJ, Vandivier RW, Blanchard EE, Shellito JE, Luo M, Taylor CM, Welsh DA. The respiratory tract microbial biogeography in alcohol use disorder. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2018 01 01; 314(1):L107-L117. PMID: 28860145.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Fini MA, Gaydos J, McNally A, Karoor V, Burnham EL. Alcohol abuse is associated with enhanced pulmonary and systemic xanthine oxidoreductase activity. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2017 Dec 01; 313(6):L1047-L1057. PMID: 28839105.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Nedumaran B, Rudra P, Gaydos J, Kumar S, Meacham RB, Burnham EL, Malykhina AP. Impact of Regular Cannabis Use on Biomarkers of Lower Urinary Tract Function. Urology. 2017 Nov; 109:223.e9-223.e16. PMID: 28827195.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Mehta S, Burns KEA, Machado FR, Fox-Robichaud AE, Cook DJ, Calfee CS, Ware LB, Burnham EL, Kissoon N, Marshall JC, Mancebo J, Finfer S, Hartog C, Reinhart K, Maitland K, Stapleton RD, Kwizera A, Amin P, Abroug F, Smith O, Laake JH, Shrestha GS, Herridge MS. Gender Parity in Critical Care Medicine. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2017 08 15; 196(4):425-429. PMID: 28240961.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Blumhagen RZ, Hedin BR, Malcolm KC, Burnham EL, Moss M, Abraham E, Huie TJ, Nick JA, Fingerlin TE, Alper S. Alternative pre-mRNA splicing of Toll-like receptor signaling components in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from patients with ARDS. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2017 Nov 01; 313(5):L930-L939. PMID: 28775099.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Clark BJ, Jones J, Reed KD, Hodapp R, Douglas IS, Van Pelt D, Burnham EL, Moss M. The Experience of Patients with Alcohol Misuse after Surviving a Critical Illness. A Qualitative Study. Ann Am Thorac Soc. 2017 Jul; 14(7):1154-1161. PMID: 28406727.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Abdul-Muneer PM, Alikunju S, Mishra V, Schuetz H, Szlachetka AM, Burnham EL, Haorah J. Activation of NLRP3 inflammasome by cholesterol crystals in alcohol consumption induces atherosclerotic lesions. Brain Behav Immun. 2017 May; 62:291-305. PMID: 28232172.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Aschner Y, Burnham EL. Adjuvant Therapies for ARDS: Not Ready for Prime Time? Ann Am Thorac Soc. 2017 Jan; 14(1):14-16. PMID: 28035871.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Yeligar SM, Chen MM, Kovacs EJ, Sisson JH, Burnham EL, Brown LA. Alcohol and lung injury and immunity. Alcohol. 2016 09; 55:51-59. PMID: 27788778.
      View in: PubMed
    24. Burnham EL, McNally A, Gaydos J, Brown LA. The Relationship Between Airway Antioxidant Levels, Alcohol Use Disorders, and Cigarette Smoking. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2016 10; 40(10):2147-2160. PMID: 27627733.
      View in: PubMed
    25. Nick JA, Caceres SM, Kret JE, Poch KR, Strand M, Faino AV, Nichols DP, Saavedra MT, Taylor-Cousar JL, Geraci MW, Burnham EL, Fessler MB, Suratt BT, Abraham E, Moss M, Malcolm KC. Extremes of Interferon-Stimulated Gene Expression Associate with Worse Outcomes in the Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome. PLoS One. 2016; 11(9):e0162490. PMID: 27606687; PMCID: PMC5015849.
    26. Burnham EL, Roman J. Composition of the Sepsis Definitions Task Force. JAMA. 2016 Jul 26; 316(4):460-1. PMID: 27458965.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Cannon AR, Morris NL, Hammer AM, Curtis B, Remick DG, Yeligar SM, Poole L, Burnham EL, Wyatt TA, Molina PE, So-Armah K, Cisneros T, Wang G, Lang CH, Mandrekar P, Kovacs EJ, Choudhry MA. Alcohol and inflammatory responses: Highlights of the 2015 Alcohol and Immunology Research Interest Group (AIRIG) meeting. Alcohol. 2016 08; 54:73-7. PMID: 27522326.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Moazed F, Burnham EL, Vandivier RW, O'Kane CM, Shyamsundar M, Hamid U, Abbott J, Thickett DR, Matthay MA, McAuley DF, Calfee CS. Cigarette smokers have exaggerated alveolar barrier disruption in response to lipopolysaccharide inhalation. Thorax. 2016 12; 71(12):1130-1136. PMID: 26839359.
      View in: PubMed
    29. Gaydos J, McNally A, Guo R, Vandivier RW, Simonian PL, Burnham EL. Alcohol abuse and smoking alter inflammatory mediator production by pulmonary and systemic immune cells. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2016 Mar 15; 310(6):L507-18. PMID: 26747782; PMCID: PMC4796259 [Available on 03/15/17].
    30. Afshar M, Foster CL, Layden JE, Burnham EL. Azithromycin use and outcomes in severe sepsis patients with and without pneumonia. J Crit Care. 2016 Apr; 32:120-5. PMID: 26803186; PMCID: PMC4769933 [Available on 04/01/17].
    31. O'Halloran EB, Curtis BJ, Afshar M, Chen MM, Kovacs EJ, Burnham EL. Alveolar macrophage inflammatory mediator expression is elevated in the setting of alcohol use disorders. Alcohol. 2016 Feb; 50:43-50. PMID: 26781212; PMCID: PMC4753084 [Available on 02/01/17].
    32. Wehrmann F, Lavelle JC, Collins CB, Tinega AN, Thurman JM, Burnham EL, Simonian PL. ?d T cells protect against LPS-induced lung injury. J Leukoc Biol. 2016 Feb; 99(2):373-86. PMID: 26428678; PMCID: PMC4718194 [Available on 02/01/17].
    33. Biehl JR, Burnham EL. Cannabis Smoking in 2015: A Concern for Lung Health? Chest. 2015 Sep; 148(3):596-606. PMID: 25996274; PMCID: PMC4556119.
    34. Bailey KL, Romberger DJ, Katafiasz DM, Heires AJ, Sisson JH, Wyatt TA, Burnham EL. TLR2 and TLR4 Expression and Inflammatory Cytokines are Altered in the Airway Epithelium of Those with Alcohol Use Disorders. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2015 Sep; 39(9):1691-7. PMID: 26208141; PMCID: PMC4843766.
    35. Obianyo O, Liang Y, Burnham EL, Mehta A, Park Y, Uppal K, Harris FL, Jones DP, Brown LA. Metabolic Consequences of Chronic Alcohol Abuse in Non-Smokers: A Pilot Study. PLoS One. 2015; 10(6):e0129570. PMID: 26102199; PMCID: PMC4477879.
    36. Riches DW, Burnham EL, Moss M, Downey GP, Schmidt EP. Introduction to the 57th annual Thomas L. Petty Aspen Lung Conference: Rebuilding the injured lung. Ann Am Thorac Soc. 2015 Mar; 12 Suppl 1:S1-2. PMID: 25830827; PMCID: PMC4430970.
    37. Burnham EL, Hyzy RC, Paine R, Kelly AM, Quint LE, Lynch D, Curran-Everett D, Moss M, Standiford TJ. Detection of fibroproliferation by chest high-resolution CT scan in resolving ARDS. Chest. 2014 Nov; 146(5):1196-1204. PMID: 24722949; PMCID: PMC4219337.
    38. Pfund C, House SC, Asquith P, Fleming MF, Buhr KA, Burnham EL, Eichenberger Gilmore JM, Huskins WC, McGee R, Schurr K, Shapiro ED, Spencer KC, Sorkness CA. Training mentors of clinical and translational research scholars: a randomized controlled trial. Acad Med. 2014 May; 89(5):774-82. PMID: 24667509; PMCID: PMC4121731.
    39. Tanaka T, Doe JM, Horstmann SA, Ahmad S, Ahmad A, Min SJ, Reynolds PR, Suram S, Gaydos J, Burnham EL, Vandivier RW. Neuroendocrine signaling via the serotonin transporter regulates clearance of apoptotic cells. J Biol Chem. 2014 Apr 11; 289(15):10466-75. PMID: 24570000; PMCID: PMC4036168.
    40. Burnham EL. 24/7 attendings: "helicoptering" the housestaff? Pediatrics. 2014 Jan; 133(1):131-3. PMID: 24323999.
      View in: PubMed
    41. Smart A, Thompson BT, Needham DM, Hopkins RO, Williams A, Burnham EL, Moss M. Surrogate consent for genetic testing, the reconsent process, and consent for long-term outcomes in acute respiratory distress syndrome trials. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2013 Dec 01; 188(11):1370-3. PMID: 24289781; PMCID: PMC3919075.
    42. Macht M, King CJ, Wimbish T, Clark BJ, Benson AB, Burnham EL, Williams A, Moss M. Post-extubation dysphagia is associated with longer hospitalization in survivors of critical illness with neurologic impairment. Crit Care. 2013 Jun 20; 17(3):R119. PMID: 23786755; PMCID: PMC4057203.
    43. Clark BJ, Williams A, Feemster LM, Bradley KA, Macht M, Moss M, Burnham EL. Alcohol screening scores and 90-day outcomes in patients with acute lung injury. Crit Care Med. 2013 Jun; 41(6):1518-25. PMID: 23538449; PMCID: PMC4048714.
    44. Clark BJ, Bull TM, Benson AB, Stream AR, Macht M, Gaydos J, Meadows C, Burnham EL, Moss M. Growth differentiation factor-15 and prognosis in acute respiratory distress syndrome: a retrospective cohort study. Crit Care. 2013 May 24; 17(3):R92. PMID: 23706007; PMCID: PMC3706804.
    45. Clark BJ, Keniston A, Douglas IS, Beresford T, Macht M, Williams A, Jones J, Burnham EL, Moss M. Healthcare utilization in medical intensive care unit survivors with alcohol withdrawal. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2013 Sep; 37(9):1536-43. PMID: 23647435; PMCID: PMC4045620.
    46. Burnham EL, Kovacs EJ, Davis CS. Pulmonary cytokine composition differs in the setting of alcohol use disorders and cigarette smoking. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2013 Jun 15; 304(12):L873-82. PMID: 23605000; PMCID: PMC3680749.
    47. Burnham EL, Janssen WJ, Riches DW, Moss M, Downey GP. The fibroproliferative response in acute respiratory distress syndrome: mechanisms and clinical significance. Eur Respir J. 2014 Jan; 43(1):276-85. PMID: 23520315; PMCID: PMC4015132.
    48. Burnham EL, Hyzy RC, Paine R, Coley C, Kelly AM, Quint LE, Lynch D, Janssen WJ, Moss M, Standiford TJ. Chest CT features are associated with poorer quality of life in acute lung injury survivors. Crit Care Med. 2013 Feb; 41(2):445-56. PMID: 23263616; PMCID: PMC3671861.
    49. Lara AR, Cosgrove GP, Janssen WJ, Huie TJ, Burnham EL, Heinz DE, Curran-Everett D, Sahin H, Schwarz MI, Cool CD, Groshong SD, Geraci MW, Tuder RM, Hyde DM, Henson PM. Increased lymphatic vessel length is associated with the fibroblast reticulum and disease severity in usual interstitial pneumonia and nonspecific interstitial pneumonia. Chest. 2012 Dec; 142(6):1569-1576. PMID: 22797508; PMCID: PMC3515029.
    50. Fleming M, Burnham EL, Huskins WC. Mentoring translational science investigators. JAMA. 2012 Nov 21; 308(19):1981-2. PMID: 23168821; PMCID: PMC3767996.
    51. Macht M, Wimbish T, Clark BJ, Benson AB, Burnham EL, Williams A, Moss M. Diagnosis and treatment of post-extubation dysphagia: results from a national survey. J Crit Care. 2012 Dec; 27(6):578-86. PMID: 23084136; PMCID: PMC3518658.
    52. Finigan JH, Mishra R, Vasu VT, Silveira LJ, Nethery DE, Standiford TJ, Burnham EL, Moss M, Kern JA. Bronchoalveolar lavage neuregulin-1 is elevated in acute lung injury and correlates with inflammation. Eur Respir J. 2013 Feb; 41(2):396-401. PMID: 22599357; PMCID: PMC4140244.
    53. Albright JM, Davis CS, Bird MD, Ramirez L, Kim H, Burnham EL, Gamelli RL, Kovacs EJ. The acute pulmonary inflammatory response to the graded severity of smoke inhalation injury. Crit Care Med. 2012 Apr; 40(4):1113-21. PMID: 22067627; PMCID: PMC3290689.
    54. Burnham EL, McCord JM, Bose S, Brown LA, House R, Moss M, Gaydos J. Protandim does not influence alveolar epithelial permeability or intrapulmonary oxidative stress in human subjects with alcohol use disorders. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2012 Apr 01; 302(7):L688-99. PMID: 22268125; PMCID: PMC3330762.
    55. Paine R, Standiford TJ, Dechert RE, Moss M, Martin GS, Rosenberg AL, Thannickal VJ, Burnham EL, Brown MB, Hyzy RC. A randomized trial of recombinant human granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor for patients with acute lung injury. Crit Care Med. 2012 Jan; 40(1):90-7. PMID: 21926600; PMCID: PMC3242850.
    56. Baker TA, Davis CS, Bach HH, Romero J, Burnham EL, Kovacs EJ, Gamelli RL, Majetschak M. Ubiquitin and stromal cell-derived factor-1a in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid after burn and inhalation injury. J Burn Care Res. 2012 Jan-Feb; 33(1):57-64. PMID: 22105097.
      View in: PubMed
    57. Fisichella PM, Davis CS, Lundberg PW, Lowery E, Burnham EL, Alex CG, Ramirez L, Pelletiere K, Love RB, Kuo PC, Kovacs EJ. The protective role of laparoscopic antireflux surgery against aspiration of pepsin after lung transplantation. Surgery. 2011 Oct; 150(4):598-606. PMID: 22000170; PMCID: PMC3694415.
    58. Macht M, Wimbish T, Clark BJ, Benson AB, Burnham EL, Williams A, Moss M. Postextubation dysphagia is persistent and associated with poor outcomes in survivors of critical illness. Crit Care. 2011; 15(5):R231. PMID: 21958475; PMCID: PMC3334778.
    59. Clark BJ, Smart A, House R, Douglas I, Burnham EL, Moss M. Severity of acute illness is associated with baseline readiness to change in medical intensive care unit patients with unhealthy alcohol use. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2012 Mar; 36(3):544-51. PMID: 21950704; PMCID: PMC3251713.
    60. Malcolm KC, Kret JE, Young RL, Poch KR, Caceres SM, Douglas IS, Coldren CD, Burnham EL, Moss M, Nick JA. Bacteria-specific neutrophil dysfunction associated with interferon-stimulated gene expression in the acute respiratory distress syndrome. PLoS One. 2011; 6(7):e21958. PMID: 21755013; PMCID: PMC3130788.
    61. Burnham EL, Schiro S, Fleming M. Mentoring K scholars: strategies to support research mentors. Clin Transl Sci. 2011 Jun; 4(3):199-203. PMID: 21707951; PMCID: PMC3136377.
    62. Majka S, Burnham E, Stenmark KR. Cell-based therapies in pulmonary hypertension: who, what, and when? Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2011 Jul; 301(1):L9-L11. PMID: 21515661; PMCID: PMC3129904.
    63. Burnham EL, Fleming M. Selection of research mentors for K-funded scholars. Clin Transl Sci. 2011 Apr; 4(2):87-92. PMID: 21463493; PMCID: PMC3072229.
    64. Burnham EL, Phang TL, House R, Vandivier RW, Moss M, Gaydos J. Alveolar macrophage gene expression is altered in the setting of alcohol use disorders. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2011 Feb; 35(2):284-94. PMID: 21121937; PMCID: PMC3059108.
    65. Burnham EL, Gaydos J, Hess E, House R, Cooper J. Alcohol use disorders affect antimicrobial proteins and anti-pneumococcal activity in epithelial lining fluid obtained via bronchoalveolar lavage. Alcohol Alcohol. 2010 Sep-Oct; 45(5):414-21. PMID: 20729531; PMCID: PMC2930253.
    66. Boé DM, Richens TR, Horstmann SA, Burnham EL, Janssen WJ, Henson PM, Moss M, Vandivier RW. Acute and chronic alcohol exposure impair the phagocytosis of apoptotic cells and enhance the pulmonary inflammatory response. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2010 Oct; 34(10):1723-32. PMID: 20608904; PMCID: PMC2950894.
    67. Burnham EL, Moss M, Geraci MW. The case for 24/7 in-house intensivist coverage. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2010 Jun 01; 181(11):1159-60. PMID: 20516489.
      View in: PubMed
    68. Burnham EL, Mealer M, Gaydos J, Majka S, Moss M. Acute lung injury but not sepsis is associated with increased colony formation by peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2010 Sep; 43(3):326-33. PMID: 19843706; PMCID: PMC2933548.
    69. Boé DM, Vandivier RW, Burnham EL, Moss M. Alcohol abuse and pulmonary disease. J Leukoc Biol. 2009 Nov; 86(5):1097-104. PMID: 19602670; PMCID: PMC4057657.
    70. Mealer M, Burnham EL, Goode CJ, Rothbaum B, Moss M. The prevalence and impact of post traumatic stress disorder and burnout syndrome in nurses. Depress Anxiety. 2009; 26(12):1118-26. PMID: 19918928; PMCID: PMC2919801.
    71. Graham BB, Burnham EL, Janssen JS, Janssen WJ. Dyspnea, chest pain, and altered mental status in a 33-year-old carpenter. Chest. 2008 Nov; 134(5):1074-1079. PMID: 18988783.
      View in: PubMed
    72. Majka SM, Skokan M, Wheeler L, Harral J, Gladson S, Burnham E, Loyd JE, Stenmark KR, Varella-Garcia M, West J. Evidence for cell fusion is absent in vascular lesions associated with pulmonary arterial hypertension. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2008 Dec; 295(6):L1028-39. PMID: 18931051; PMCID: PMC2604796.
    73. de Wit M, Gennings C, Zilberberg M, Burnham EL, Moss M, Balster RL. Drug withdrawal, cocaine and sedative use disorders increase the need for mechanical ventilation in medical patients. Addiction. 2008 Sep; 103(9):1500-8. PMID: 18636996.
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    74. Burnham EL. Identification of risky alcohol consumption in the preoperative assessment: opportunity to diagnose and intervene. Anesthesiology. 2008 Aug; 109(2):169-70. PMID: 18648224.
      View in: PubMed
    75. Burnham EL, Halkar R, Burks M, Moss M. The effects of alcohol abuse on pulmonary alveolar-capillary barrier function in humans. Alcohol Alcohol. 2009 Jan-Feb; 44(1):8-12. PMID: 18567916; PMCID: PMC2724858.
    76. Burnham EL. Circulating progenitors in lung injury: a novel therapy for acute respiratory distress syndrome? Anesthesiology. 2008 Mar; 108(3):354-6. PMID: 18292671.
      View in: PubMed
    77. Martin J, Helm K, Ruegg P, Varella-Garcia M, Burnham E, Majka S. Adult lung side population cells have mesenchymal stem cell potential. Cytotherapy. 2008; 10(2):140-51. PMID: 18368593.
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    78. Yeh MY, Burnham EL, Moss M, Brown LA. Non-invasive evaluation of pulmonary glutathione in the exhaled breath condensate of otherwise healthy alcoholics. Respir Med. 2008 Feb; 102(2):248-55. PMID: 17977706; PMCID: PMC2238178.
    79. de Wit M, Best AM, Gennings C, Burnham EL, Moss M. Alcohol use disorders increase the risk for mechanical ventilation in medical patients. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2007 Jul; 31(7):1224-30. PMID: 17511746.
      View in: PubMed
    80. Yeh MY, Burnham EL, Moss M, Brown LA. Chronic alcoholism alters systemic and pulmonary glutathione redox status. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2007 Aug 01; 176(3):270-6. PMID: 17507544; PMCID: PMC1994217.
    81. Burnham EL, Moss M, Ritzenthaler JD, Roman J. Increased fibronectin expression in lung in the setting of chronic alcohol abuse. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2007 Apr; 31(4):675-83. PMID: 17374047.
      View in: PubMed
    82. Moss M, Burnham EL. Alcohol abuse in the critically ill patient. Lancet. 2006 Dec 23; 368(9554):2231-42. PMID: 17189035.
      View in: PubMed
    83. Burnham E, Moss M. Progenitor cells in acute lung injury. Minerva Anestesiol. 2006 Jun; 72(6):369-74. PMID: 16682903.
      View in: PubMed
    84. Esper A, Burnham EL, Moss M. The effect of alcohol abuse on ARDS and multiple organ dysfunction. Minerva Anestesiol. 2006 Jun; 72(6):375-81. PMID: 16682904.
      View in: PubMed
    85. Khan J, Burnham EL, Moss M. Acquired weakness in the ICU: critical illness myopathy and polyneuropathy. Minerva Anestesiol. 2006 Jun; 72(6):401-6. PMID: 16682908.
      View in: PubMed
    86. Burnham EL, Moss M, Ziegler TR. Myopathies in critical illness: characterization and nutritional aspects. J Nutr. 2005 Jul; 135(7):1818S-1823S. PMID: 15987872.
      View in: PubMed
    87. Burnham EL, Taylor WR, Quyyumi AA, Rojas M, Brigham KL, Moss M. Increased circulating endothelial progenitor cells are associated with survival in acute lung injury. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2005 Oct 01; 172(7):854-60. PMID: 15976374.
      View in: PubMed
    88. Burnham EL, Moss M, Harris F, Brown LA. Elevated plasma and lung endothelial selectin levels in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome and a history of chronic alcohol abuse. Crit Care Med. 2004 Mar; 32(3):675-9. PMID: 15090946.
      View in: PubMed
    89. Burnham EL, Brown LA, Halls L, Moss M. Effects of chronic alcohol abuse on alveolar epithelial barrier function and glutathione homeostasis. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2003 Jul; 27(7):1167-72. PMID: 12878924.
      View in: PubMed
    90. Moss M, Burnham EL. Chronic alcohol abuse, acute respiratory distress syndrome, and multiple organ dysfunction. Crit Care Med. 2003 Apr; 31(4 Suppl):S207-12. PMID: 12682442.
      View in: PubMed
    91. Moss M, Parsons PE, Steinberg KP, Hudson LD, Guidot DM, Burnham EL, Eaton S, Cotsonis GA. Chronic alcohol abuse is associated with an increased incidence of acute respiratory distress syndrome and severity of multiple organ dysfunction in patients with septic shock. Crit Care Med. 2003 Mar; 31(3):869-77. PMID: 12626999.
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    92. Schortgen F, Brochard L, Burnham E, Martin GS. Pro/con clinical debate: Hydroxyethylstarches should be avoided in septic patients. Crit Care. 2003 Aug; 7(4):279-81. PMID: 12930549; PMCID: PMC270695.
    93. Burnham E, Moss M. A potential new therapy for sepsis: learning from experience. Crit Care Med. 2001 Mar; 29(3):690-1. PMID: 11379545.
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