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Roger M Enoka

TitleProfessor
InstitutionUniversity of Colorado Boulder
DepartmentIntegrative Physiology
Phone303/492-7232

    Collapse Research 
    Collapse research activities and funding
    R01NS020544     (ENOKA, ROGER M)Apr 1, 1984 - Jan 31, 2000
    NIH/NINDS
    LIMB IMMOBILIZATION EFFECTS ON MOTOR CONTROL
    Role: Principal Investigator

    R01AG009000     (ENOKA, ROGER M)Aug 1, 1990 - Jan 31, 2011
    NIH/NIA
    Steadiness in Older Adults
    Role: Principal Investigator

    R01AG013929     (ENOKA, ROGER M)Dec 1, 1997 - Nov 30, 2000
    NIH/NIA
    STRENGTH TRAINING OF THE ELDERLY WITH LIGHT LOADS
    Role: Principal Investigator

    R03AG020339     (ENOKA, ROGER M)Feb 1, 2002 - Jan 31, 2004
    NIH/NIA
    Arousal and Motor Performance in Older Adults
    Role: Principal Investigator

    R01NS043275     (ENOKA, ROGER M)Apr 15, 2002 - May 31, 2010
    NIH/NINDS
    Neural Mechanisms in Muscle Fatigue
    Role: Principal Investigator

    R01NS042734     (ENOKA, ROGER M)Jul 1, 2002 - Jun 30, 2005
    NIH/NINDS
    Motor Unit Synchronization and Muscle Function
    Role: Principal Investigator

    R13NS048846     (ENOKA, ROGER M)Jun 1, 2004 - May 31, 2005
    NIH/NINDS
    Active Dendrites in Motor Neurons
    Role: Principal Investigator

    R03HD079508     (ENOKA, ROGER M.)May 1, 2014 - Apr 30, 2016
    NIH/NICHD
    Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation and Mobility in Multiple Sclerosis
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse selected publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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    1. Feeney DF, Meyer FG, Noone N, Enoka RM. A latent low-dimensional common input drives a pool of motor neurons: a probabilistic latent state-space model. J Neurophysiol. 2017 Aug 02; jn.00274.2017. PMID: 28768739.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Hamilton LD, Thomas E, Almuklass AM, Enoka RM. A framework for identifying the adaptations responsible for differences in pegboard times between middle-aged and older adults. Exp Gerontol. 2017 Jul 06; 97:9-16. PMID: 28688836.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Dideriksen JL, Feeney DF, Almuklass AM, Enoka RM. Control of force during rapid visuomotor force-matching tasks can be described by discrete time PID control algorithms. Exp Brain Res. 2017 Aug; 235(8):2561-2573. PMID: 28555275.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Enoka RM, Duchateau J. Rate Coding and the Control of Muscle Force. Cold Spring Harb Perspect Med. 2017 Mar 27. PMID: 28348173.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Enoka R. From the Editor. Exerc Sport Sci Rev. 2017 Jan; 45(1):1. PMID: 27801726.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Enoka RM, Duchateau J. Translating Fatigue to Human Performance. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2016 Nov; 48(11):2228-2238. PMID: 27015386.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Gould JR, Cleland BT, Mani D, Amiridis IG, Enoka RM. Motor unit activity in biceps brachii of left-handed humans during sustained contractions with two load types. J Neurophysiol. 2016 Sep 01; 116(3):1358-65. PMID: 27334949.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Almuklass AM, Price RC, Gould JR, Enoka RM. Force steadiness as a predictor of time to complete a pegboard test of dexterity in young men and women. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2016 Jun 15; 120(12):1410-7. PMID: 27103655.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Farina D, Negro F, Muceli S, Enoka RM. Principles of Motor Unit Physiology Evolve With Advances in Technology. Physiology (Bethesda). 2016 Mar; 31(2):83-94. PMID: 26889014.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Arellano CJ, Caha D, Hennessey JE, Amiridis IG, Baudry S, Enoka RM. Fatigue-induced adjustment in antagonist coactivation by old adults during a steadiness task. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2016 May 01; 120(9):1039-46. PMID: 26846553; PMCID: PMC4855208 [Available on 05/01/17].
    11. Enoka RM. Editorial. Exerc Sport Sci Rev. 2016 Jan; 44(1):1. PMID: 26674093.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Duchateau J, Enoka RM. Neural control of lengthening contractions. J Exp Biol. 2016 Jan; 219(Pt 2):197-204. PMID: 26792331.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Enoka RM, Duchateau J. Inappropriate interpretation of surface EMG signals and muscle fiber characteristics impedes understanding of the control of neuromuscular function. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2015 Dec 15; 119(12):1516-8. PMID: 26159758.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Amiridis IG, Mani D, Almuklass A, Matkowski B, Gould JR, Enoka RM. Modulation of motor unit activity in biceps brachii by neuromuscular electrical stimulation applied to the contralateral arm. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2015 Jun 15; 118(12):1544-52. PMID: 25930023; PMCID: PMC4469921.
    15. Farina D, Merletti R, Enoka RM. Reply to De Luca, Nawab, and Kline: The proposed method to validate surface EMG signal decomposition remains problematic. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2015 Apr 15; 118(8):1085. PMID: 25878219; PMCID: PMC4398888.
    16. Holmes MR, Gould JR, Peña-González I, Enoka RM. Force steadiness during a co-contraction task can be improved with practice, but only by young adults and not by middle-aged or old adults. Exp Physiol. 2015 Feb 01; 100(2):182-92. PMID: 25398707.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Hansen R, Saikali KG, Chou W, Russell AJ, Chen MM, Vijayakumar V, Stoltz RR, Baudry S, Enoka RM, Morgans DJ, Wolff AA, Malik FI. Tirasemtiv amplifies skeletal muscle response to nerve activation in humans. Muscle Nerve. 2014 Dec; 50(6):925-31. PMID: 24634285; PMCID: PMC4260123.
    18. Enoka R, Chastain A. From the Editor. Exerc Sport Sci Rev. 2014 Nov 12. PMID: 25393743.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Justice JN, Gioscia-Ryan RA, Johnson LC, Battson ML, de Picciotto NE, Beck HJ, Jiang H, Sindler AL, Bryan NS, Enoka RM, Seals DR. Sodium nitrite supplementation improves motor function and skeletal muscle inflammatory profile in old male mice. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2015 Jan 15; 118(2):163-9. PMID: 25377884; PMCID: PMC4297777.
    20. Farina D, Merletti R, Enoka RM. The extraction of neural strategies from the surface EMG: an update. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2014 Dec 01; 117(11):1215-30. PMID: 25277737; PMCID: PMC4254845.
    21. Pascoe MA, Holmes MR, Stuart DG, Enoka RM. Discharge characteristics of motor units during long-duration contractions. Exp Physiol. 2014 Oct; 99(10):1387-98. PMID: 25016025.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Justice JN, Mani D, Pierpoint LA, Enoka RM. Fatigability of the dorsiflexors and associations among multiple domains of motor function in young and old adults. Exp Gerontol. 2014 Jul; 55:92-101. PMID: 24703888; PMCID: PMC4075175.
    23. Justice JN, Carter CS, Beck HJ, Gioscia-Ryan RA, McQueen M, Enoka RM, Seals DR. Battery of behavioral tests in mice that models age-associated changes in human motor function. Age (Dordr). 2014 Apr; 36(2):583-92. PMID: 24122289; PMCID: PMC4039275.
    24. Enoka RM. A key accomplishment. Exerc Sport Sci Rev. 2014 Jan; 42(1):1. PMID: 24362582.
      View in: PubMed
    25. Staudenmann D, van Dieën JH, Stegeman DF, Enoka RM. Increase in heterogeneity of biceps brachii activation during isometric submaximal fatiguing contractions: a multichannel surface EMG study. J Neurophysiol. 2014 Mar; 111(5):984-90. PMID: 24335206.
      View in: PubMed
    26. Justice JN, Pierpoint LA, Mani D, Schwartz RS, Enoka RM. Motor function is associated with 1,25(OH)(2)D and indices of insulin-glucose dynamics in non-diabetic older adults. Aging Clin Exp Res. 2014 Jun; 26(3):249-54. PMID: 24155214.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Rudroff T, Kelsey MM, Melanson EL, McQueen MB, Enoka RM. Associations between neuromuscular function and levels of physical activity differ for boys and girls during puberty. J Pediatr. 2013 Aug; 163(2):349-54. PMID: 23415611.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Rudroff T, Kalliokoski KK, Block DE, Gould JR, Klingensmith WC, Enoka RM. PET/CT imaging of age- and task-associated differences in muscle activity during fatiguing contractions. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2013 May; 114(9):1211-9. PMID: 23412899; PMCID: PMC3656430.
    29. Boyan BD, Tosi LL, Coutts RD, Enoka RM, Hart DA, Nicolella DP, Berkley KJ, Sluka KA, Kwoh CK, O'Connor MI, Kohrt WM, Resnick E. Addressing the gaps: sex differences in osteoarthritis of the knee. Biol Sex Differ. 2013 Feb 04; 4(1):4. PMID: 23374401; PMCID: PMC3571922.
    30. Kluger BM, Krupp LB, Enoka RM. Fatigue and fatigability in neurologic illnesses: proposal for a unified taxonomy. Neurology. 2013 Jan 22; 80(4):409-16. PMID: 23339207; PMCID: PMC3589241.
    31. Nicolella DP, O'Connor MI, Enoka RM, Boyan BD, Hart DA, Resnick E, Berkley KJ, Sluka KA, Kwoh CK, Tosi LL, Coutts RD, Havill LM, Kohrt WM. Mechanical contributors to sex differences in idiopathic knee osteoarthritis. Biol Sex Differ. 2012 Dec 23; 3(1):28. PMID: 23259740; PMCID: PMC3560206.
    32. Sluka KA, Berkley KJ, O'Connor MI, Nicolella DP, Enoka RM, Boyan BD, Hart DA, Resnick E, Kwoh CK, Tosi LL, Coutts RD, Kohrt WM. Neural and psychosocial contributions to sex differences in knee osteoarthritic pain. Biol Sex Differ. 2012 Dec 17; 3(1):26. PMID: 23244577; PMCID: PMC3583673.
    33. Pascoe MA, Gould JR, Enoka RM. Motor unit activity when young and old adults perform steady contractions while supporting an inertial load. J Neurophysiol. 2013 Feb; 109(4):1055-64. PMID: 23221403; PMCID: PMC3569139.
    34. Boyan BD, Tosi L, Coutts R, Enoka R, Hart DA, Nicolella DP, Berkley K, Sluka K, Kwoh K, O'Connor MI, Kohrt W. Sex differences in osteoarthritis of the knee. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2012 Oct; 20(10):668-9. PMID: 23027696.
      View in: PubMed
    35. Heckman CJ, Enoka RM. Motor unit. Compr Physiol. 2012 Oct; 2(4):2629-82. PMID: 23720261.
      View in: PubMed
    36. Jordan K, Jesunathadas M, Sarchet DM, Enoka RM. Long-range correlations in motor unit discharge times at low forces are modulated by visual gain and age. Exp Physiol. 2013 Feb; 98(2):546-55. PMID: 22983995.
      View in: PubMed
    37. Gordon NM, Rudroff T, Enoka JA, Enoka RM. Handedness but not dominance influences variability in endurance time for sustained, submaximal contractions. J Neurophysiol. 2012 Sep; 108(5):1501-10. PMID: 22696537.
      View in: PubMed
    38. Booghs C, Baudry S, Enoka R, Duchateau J. Influence of neural adjustments and muscle oxygenation on task failure during sustained isometric contractions with elbow flexor muscles. Exp Physiol. 2012 Aug; 97(8):918-29. PMID: 22496501.
      View in: PubMed
    39. Kobayashi H, Koyama Y, Enoka RM, Suzuki S. A unique form of light-load training improves steadiness and performance on some functional tasks in older adults. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2014 Feb; 24(1):98-110. PMID: 22493975.
      View in: PubMed
    40. Jesunathadas M, Klass M, Duchateau J, Enoka RM. Discharge properties of motor units during steady isometric contractions performed with the dorsiflexor muscles. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2012 Jun; 112(11):1897-905. PMID: 22442023; PMCID: PMC3379156.
    41. Dideriksen JL, Negro F, Enoka RM, Farina D. Motor unit recruitment strategies and muscle properties determine the influence of synaptic noise on force steadiness. J Neurophysiol. 2012 Jun; 107(12):3357-69. PMID: 22423000; PMCID: PMC3378401.
    42. Jesunathadas M, Aidoor SS, Keenan KG, Farina D, Enoka RM. Influence of amplitude cancellation on the accuracy of determining the onset of muscle activity from the surface electromyogram. J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2012 Jun; 22(3):494-500. PMID: 22330887; PMCID: PMC3357456.
    43. Enoka RM. Muscle fatigue--from motor units to clinical symptoms. J Biomech. 2012 Feb 02; 45(3):427-33. PMID: 22197185.
      View in: PubMed
    44. Stuart DG, Clarac F, Barbara JG, Brownstone RM, Duchateau J, Enoka RM. Paths of discovery in motoneuron neurobiology. Brain Res. 2011 Aug 29; 1409:1-2. PMID: 21864736.
      View in: PubMed
    45. Marmon AR, Gould JR, Enoka RM. Practicing a functional task improves steadiness with hand muscles in older adults. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2011 Aug; 43(8):1531-7. PMID: 21266932.
      View in: PubMed
    46. Duchateau J, Enoka RM. Human motor unit recordings: origins and insight into the integrated motor system. Brain Res. 2011 Aug 29; 1409:42-61. PMID: 21762884.
      View in: PubMed
    47. Dideriksen JL, Enoka RM, Farina D. Neuromuscular adjustments that constrain submaximal EMG amplitude at task failure of sustained isometric contractions. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2011 Aug; 111(2):485-94. PMID: 21596915.
      View in: PubMed
    48. Baudry S, Maerz AH, Gould JR, Enoka RM. Task- and time-dependent modulation of Ia presynaptic inhibition during fatiguing contractions performed by humans. J Neurophysiol. 2011 Jul; 106(1):265-73. PMID: 21543747; PMCID: PMC3129736.
    49. Marmon AR, Pascoe MA, Schwartz RS, Enoka RM. Associations among strength, steadiness, and hand function across the adult life span. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2011 Apr; 43(4):560-7. PMID: 20689447.
      View in: PubMed
    50. Dideriksen JL, Enoka RM, Farina D. A model of the surface electromyogram in pathological tremor. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng. 2011 Aug; 58(8). PMID: 21342835.
      View in: PubMed
    51. Farina D, Enoka RM. Surface EMG decomposition requires an appropriate validation. J Neurophysiol. 2011 Feb; 105(2):981-2; author reply 983-4. PMID: 21304161.
      View in: PubMed
    52. Pascoe MA, Holmes MR, Enoka RM. Discharge characteristics of biceps brachii motor units at recruitment when older adults sustained an isometric contraction. J Neurophysiol. 2011 Feb; 105(2):571-81. PMID: 21160000; PMCID: PMC3059164.
    53. Enoka RM, Baudry S, Rudroff T, Farina D, Klass M, Duchateau J. Unraveling the neurophysiology of muscle fatigue. J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2011 Apr; 21(2):208-19. PMID: 21071242.
      View in: PubMed
    54. Rudroff T, Justice JN, Holmes MR, Matthews SD, Enoka RM. Muscle activity and time to task failure differ with load compliance and target force for elbow flexor muscles. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2011 Jan; 110(1):125-36. PMID: 21030676; PMCID: PMC3253001.
    55. Christou EA, Enoka RM. Aging and movement errors when lifting and lowering light loads. Age (Dordr). 2011 Sep; 33(3):393-407. PMID: 20945163; PMCID: PMC3168598.
    56. Jesunathadas M, Rudroff T, Enoka RM. Changes in muscle fascicles of tibialis anterior during anisometric contractions are not associated with motor-output variability of the ankle dorsiflexors in young and old adults. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2010 Dec; 110(6):1175-86. PMID: 20714768.
      View in: PubMed
    57. Dideriksen JL, Farina D, Enoka RM. Influence of fatigue on the simulated relation between the amplitude of the surface electromyogram and muscle force. Philos Trans A Math Phys Eng Sci. 2010 Jun 13; 368(1920):2765-81. PMID: 20439272.
      View in: PubMed
    58. Farina D, Holobar A, Merletti R, Enoka RM. Decoding the neural drive to muscles from the surface electromyogram. Clin Neurophysiol. 2010 Oct; 121(10):1616-23. PMID: 20444646.
      View in: PubMed
    59. Dideriksen JL, Farina D, Baekgaard M, Enoka RM. An integrative model of motor unit activity during sustained submaximal contractions. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2010 Jun; 108(6):1550-62. PMID: 20360437.
      View in: PubMed
    60. Rudroff T, Justice JN, Matthews S, Zuo R, Enoka RM. Muscle activity differs with load compliance during fatiguing contractions with the knee extensor muscles. Exp Brain Res. 2010 Jun; 203(2):307-16. PMID: 20358188.
      View in: PubMed
    61. Jesunathadas M, Marmon AR, Gibb JM, Enoka RM. Recruitment and derecruitment characteristics of motor units in a hand muscle of young and old adults. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2010 Jun; 108(6):1659-67. PMID: 20339011; PMCID: PMC2886691.
    62. Koyama Y, Kobayashi H, Suzuki S, Enoka RM. Enhancing the weight training experience: a comparison of limb kinematics and EMG activity on three machines. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2010 Jul; 109(5):789-801. PMID: 20225080.
      View in: PubMed
    63. Marmon AR, Enoka RM. Comparison of the influence of two stressors on steadiness during index finger abduction. Physiol Behav. 2010 Mar 30; 99(4):515-20. PMID: 20079364; PMCID: PMC2826591.
    64. Poston B, Christou EA, Enoka JA, Enoka RM. Timing variability and not force variability predicts the endpoint accuracy of fast and slow isometric contractions. Exp Brain Res. 2010 Apr; 202(1):189-202. PMID: 20033680; PMCID: PMC3631579.
    65. Rudroff T, Jordan K, Enoka JA, Matthews SD, Baudry S, Enoka RM. Discharge of biceps brachii motor units is modulated by load compliance and forearm posture. Exp Brain Res. 2010 Apr; 202(1):111-20. PMID: 20012532.
      View in: PubMed
    66. Baudry S, Maerz AH, Enoka RM. Presynaptic modulation of Ia afferents in young and old adults when performing force and position control. J Neurophysiol. 2010 Feb; 103(2):623-31. PMID: 19939955; PMCID: PMC2822676.
    67. Staudenmann D, Rudroff T, Enoka RM. Pronation-supination torque and associated electromyographic activity varies during a sustained elbow flexor contraction but does not influence the time to task failure. Muscle Nerve. 2009 Aug; 40(2):231-9. PMID: 19358235; PMCID: PMC2758423.
    68. Baudry S, Enoka RM. Influence of load type on presynaptic modulation of Ia afferent input onto two synergist muscles. Exp Brain Res. 2009 Oct; 199(1):83-8. PMID: 19639306.
      View in: PubMed
    69. Baudry S, Rudroff T, Pierpoint LA, Enoka RM. Load type influences motor unit recruitment in biceps brachii during a sustained contraction. J Neurophysiol. 2009 Sep; 102(3):1725-35. PMID: 19625539; PMCID: PMC2746780.
    70. Enoka RM. The interpolated twitch and the force capacity of muscle. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2009 Jul; 107(1):359; discussion 367-8. PMID: 19670468.
      View in: PubMed
    71. Baudry S, Jordan K, Enoka RM. Heteronymous reflex responses in a hand muscle when maintaining constant finger force or position at different contraction intensities. Clin Neurophysiol. 2009 Jan; 120(1):210-7. PMID: 19026590.
      View in: PubMed
    72. Barry BK, Pascoe MA, Riek S, Carson RG, Enoka RM. Common input to different regions of biceps brachii long head. Exp Brain Res. 2009 Mar; 193(3):351-9. PMID: 19002675.
      View in: PubMed
    73. Farina D, Holobar A, Gazzoni M, Zazula D, Merletti R, Enoka RM. Adjustments differ among low-threshold motor units during intermittent, isometric contractions. J Neurophysiol. 2009 Jan; 101(1):350-9. PMID: 19004996; PMCID: PMC2637005.
    74. Enoka RM. Motor unit recruitment threshold. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2008 Nov; 105(5):1676; discussion 1674-5. PMID: 18984914.
      View in: PubMed
    75. Duchateau J, Enoka RM. Neural control of shortening and lengthening contractions: influence of task constraints. J Physiol. 2008 Dec 15; 586(24):5853-64. PMID: 18955381; PMCID: PMC2655422.
    76. Riley ZA, Baudry S, Enoka RM. Reflex inhibition in human biceps brachii decreases with practice of a fatiguing contraction. J Neurophysiol. 2008 Nov; 100(5):2843-51. PMID: 18667549; PMCID: PMC2585390.
    77. Barry BK, Riley ZA, Pascoe MA, Enoka RM. A spinal pathway between synergists can modulate activity in human elbow flexor muscles. Exp Brain Res. 2008 Sep; 190(3):347-59. PMID: 18597082; PMCID: PMC2570337.
    78. Riley ZA, Terry ME, Mendez-Villanueva A, Litsey JC, Enoka RM. Motor unit recruitment and bursts of activity in the surface electromyogram during a sustained contraction. Muscle Nerve. 2008 Jun; 37(6):745-53. PMID: 18288713.
      View in: PubMed
    79. Farina D, Negro F, Gazzoni M, Enoka RM. Detecting the unique representation of motor-unit action potentials in the surface electromyogram. J Neurophysiol. 2008 Sep; 100(3):1223-33. PMID: 18497352; PMCID: PMC2544462.
    80. Farina D, Cescon C, Negro F, Enoka RM. Amplitude cancellation of motor-unit action potentials in the surface electromyogram can be estimated with spike-triggered averaging. J Neurophysiol. 2008 Jul; 100(1):431-40. PMID: 18463179; PMCID: PMC2493501.
    81. Rudroff T, Staudenmann D, Enoka RM. Electromyographic measures of muscle activation and changes in muscle architecture of human elbow flexors during fatiguing contractions. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2008 Jun; 104(6):1720-6. PMID: 18356480.
      View in: PubMed
    82. Farina D, Pozzo M, Lanzetta M, Enoka RM. Discharge variability of motor units in an intrinsic muscle of transplanted hand. J Neurophysiol. 2008 May; 99(5):2232-40. PMID: 18322003.
      View in: PubMed
    83. Poston B, Enoka JA, Enoka RM. Practice and endpoint accuracy with the left and right hands of old adults: the right-hemisphere aging model. Muscle Nerve. 2008 Mar; 37(3):376-86. PMID: 18161031.
      View in: PubMed
    84. Poston B, Enoka JA, Enoka RM. Endpoint accuracy for a small and a large hand muscle in young and old adults during rapid, goal-directed isometric contractions. Exp Brain Res. 2008 May; 187(3):373-85. PMID: 18288474.
      View in: PubMed
    85. Riley ZA, Maerz AH, Litsey JC, Enoka RM. Motor unit recruitment in human biceps brachii during sustained voluntary contractions. J Physiol. 2008 Apr 15; 586(8):2183-93. PMID: 18292128; PMCID: PMC2465192.
    86. Klass M, Lévénez M, Enoka RM, Duchateau J. Spinal mechanisms contribute to differences in the time to failure of submaximal fatiguing contractions performed with different loads. J Neurophysiol. 2008 Mar; 99(3):1096-104. PMID: 18184884.
      View in: PubMed
    87. Shinohara M, Keenan KG, Enoka RM. Fluctuations in motor output of a hand muscle can be altered by the mechanical properties of the position sensor. J Neurosci Methods. 2008 Feb 15; 168(1):164-73. PMID: 17964659; PMCID: PMC2253721.
    88. Enoka RM, Duchateau J. Muscle fatigue: what, why and how it influences muscle function. J Physiol. 2008 Jan 01; 586(1):11-23. PMID: 17702815; PMCID: PMC2375565.
    89. Maluf KS, Barry BK, Riley ZA, Enoka RM. Reflex responsiveness of a human hand muscle when controlling isometric force and joint position. Clin Neurophysiol. 2007 Sep; 118(9):2063-71. PMID: 17646129; PMCID: PMC2020450.
    90. Barry BK, Enoka RM. The neurobiology of muscle fatigue: 15 years later. Integr Comp Biol. 2007 Oct; 47(4):465-73. PMID: 21672855.
      View in: PubMed
    91. Rudroff T, Christou EA, Poston B, Bojsen-Møller J, Enoka RM. Time to failure of a sustained contraction is predicted by target torque and initial electromyographic bursts in elbow flexor muscles. Muscle Nerve. 2007 May; 35(5):657-66. PMID: 17294440.
      View in: PubMed
    92. Christou EA, Poston B, Enoka JA, Enoka RM. Different neural adjustments improve endpoint accuracy with practice in young and old adults. J Neurophysiol. 2007 May; 97(5):3340-50. PMID: 17376846.
      View in: PubMed
    93. Barry BK, Pascoe MA, Jesunathadas M, Enoka RM. Rate coding is compressed but variability is unaltered for motor units in a hand muscle of old adults. J Neurophysiol. 2007 May; 97(5):3206-18. PMID: 17360826.
      View in: PubMed
    94. Enoka RM. Strength training for exercise performance and rehabilitation. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2007 Feb; 17(1):1. PMID: 17305937.
      View in: PubMed
    95. Rudroff T, Barry BK, Stone AL, Barry CJ, Enoka RM. Accessory muscle activity contributes to the variation in time to task failure for different arm postures and loads. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2007 Mar; 102(3):1000-6. PMID: 17095642.
      View in: PubMed
    96. Christou EA, Rudroff T, Enoka JA, Meyer F, Enoka RM. Discharge rate during low-force isometric contractions influences motor unit coherence below 15 Hz but not motor unit synchronization. Exp Brain Res. 2007 Apr; 178(3):285-95. PMID: 17091298.
      View in: PubMed
    97. Keenan KG, Farina D, Meyer FG, Merletti R, Enoka RM. Sensitivity of the cross-correlation between simulated surface EMGs for two muscles to detect motor unit synchronization. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2007 Mar; 102(3):1193-201. PMID: 17068220.
      View in: PubMed
    98. Enoka RM, Gandevia SC. Neural changes associated with training. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2006 Oct; 101(4):1009-10. PMID: 16973817.
      View in: PubMed
    99. Duchateau J, Semmler JG, Enoka RM. Training adaptations in the behavior of human motor units. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2006 Dec; 101(6):1766-75. PMID: 16794023.
      View in: PubMed
    100. Mottram CJ, Hunter SK, Rochette L, Anderson MK, Enoka RM. Time to task failure varies with the gain of the feedback signal for women, but not for men. Exp Brain Res. 2006 Oct; 174(3):575-87. PMID: 16680423.
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    101. Tracy BL, Enoka RM. Steadiness training with light loads in the knee extensors of elderly adults. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2006 Apr; 38(4):735-45. PMID: 16679991.
      View in: PubMed
    102. Semmler JG, Kornatz KW, Meyer FG, Enoka RM. Diminished task-related adjustments of common inputs to hand muscle motor neurons in older adults. Exp Brain Res. 2006 Jul; 172(4):507-18. PMID: 16489433.
      View in: PubMed
    103. Keenan KG, Farina D, Merletti R, Enoka RM. Amplitude cancellation reduces the size of motor unit potentials averaged from the surface EMG. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2006 Jun; 100(6):1928-37. PMID: 16397060.
      View in: PubMed
    104. Enoka RM. Central modulation of motor unit activity. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2005 Dec; 37(12):2111-2. PMID: 16331137.
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    105. Maluf KS, Shinohara M, Stephenson JL, Enoka RM. Muscle activation and time to task failure differ with load type and contraction intensity for a human hand muscle. Exp Brain Res. 2005 Nov; 167(2):165-77. PMID: 16044306.
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    106. Mottram CJ, Maluf KS, Stephenson JL, Anderson MK, Enoka RM. Prolonged vibration of the biceps brachii tendon reduces time to failure when maintaining arm position with a submaximal load. J Neurophysiol. 2006 Feb; 95(2):1185-93. PMID: 16282200.
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    107. Keenan KG, Farina D, Merletti R, Enoka RM. Influence of motor unit properties on the size of the simulated evoked surface EMG potential. Exp Brain Res. 2006 Feb; 169(1):37-49. PMID: 16273406.
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    108. Mottram CJ, Christou EA, Meyer FG, Enoka RM. Frequency modulation of motor unit discharge has task-dependent effects on fluctuations in motor output. J Neurophysiol. 2005 Oct; 94(4):2878-87. PMID: 16468124.
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    109. Tracy BL, Maluf KS, Stephenson JL, Hunter SK, Enoka RM. Variability of motor unit discharge and force fluctuations across a range of muscle forces in older adults. Muscle Nerve. 2005 Oct; 32(4):533-40. PMID: 15986419.
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    110. Maluf KS, Enoka RM. Task failure during fatiguing contractions performed by humans. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2005 Aug; 99(2):389-96. PMID: 16020434.
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    111. Shinohara M, Moritz CT, Pascoe MA, Enoka RM. Prolonged muscle vibration increases stretch reflex amplitude, motor unit discharge rate, and force fluctuations in a hand muscle. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2005 Nov; 99(5):1835-42. PMID: 16024525.
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    112. Shinohara M, Keenan KG, Enoka RM. Fluctuations in motor output during steady contractions are weakly related across contraction types and between hands. Muscle Nerve. 2005 Jun; 31(6):741-50. PMID: 15795890.
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    113. Hunter SK, Rochette L, Critchlow A, Enoka RM. Time to task failure differs with load type when old adults perform a submaximal fatiguing contraction. Muscle Nerve. 2005 Jun; 31(6):730-40. PMID: 15810019.
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    114. Hunter SK, Critchlow A, Enoka RM. Muscle endurance is greater for old men compared with strength-matched young men. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2005 Sep; 99(3):890-7. PMID: 15879165.
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    115. Moritz CT, Christou EA, Meyer FG, Enoka RM. Coherence at 16-32 Hz can be caused by short-term synchrony of motor units. J Neurophysiol. 2005 Jul; 94(1):105-18. PMID: 15744005.
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    116. Kornatz KW, Christou EA, Enoka RM. Practice reduces motor unit discharge variability in a hand muscle and improves manual dexterity in old adults. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2005 Jun; 98(6):2072-80. PMID: 15691902.
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    117. Rudroff T, Poston B, Shin IS, Bojsen-Møller J, Enoka RM. Net excitation of the motor unit pool varies with load type during fatiguing contractions. Muscle Nerve. 2005 Jan; 31(1):78-87. PMID: 15570580.
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    118. Moritz CT, Barry BK, Pascoe MA, Enoka RM. Discharge rate variability influences the variation in force fluctuations across the working range of a hand muscle. J Neurophysiol. 2005 May; 93(5):2449-59. PMID: 15615827.
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    119. Callister RJ, Sesodia S, Enoka RM, Nemeth PM, Reinking RM, Stuart DG. Fatigue of rat hindlimb motor units: biochemical-physiological associations. Muscle Nerve. 2004 Dec; 30(6):714-26. PMID: 15389717.
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    120. Mottram CJ, Jakobi JM, Semmler JG, Enoka RM. Motor-unit activity differs with load type during a fatiguing contraction. J Neurophysiol. 2005 Mar; 93(3):1381-92. PMID: 15483059.
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    121. Keenan KG, Farina D, Maluf KS, Merletti R, Enoka RM. Influence of amplitude cancellation on the simulated surface electromyogram. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2005 Jan; 98(1):120-31. PMID: 15377649.
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    122. Christou EA, Jakobi JM, Critchlow A, Fleshner M, Enoka RM. The 1- to 2-Hz oscillations in muscle force are exacerbated by stress, especially in older adults. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2004 Jul; 97(1):225-35. PMID: 15220319.
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    123. Hunter SK, Critchlow A, Enoka RM. Influence of aging on sex differences in muscle fatigability. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2004 Nov; 97(5):1723-32. PMID: 15208285.
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    124. Farina D, Merletti R, Enoka RM. The extraction of neural strategies from the surface EMG. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2004 Apr; 96(4):1486-95. PMID: 15016793.
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    125. Hunter SK, Duchateau J, Enoka RM. Muscle fatigue and the mechanisms of task failure. Exerc Sport Sci Rev. 2004 Apr; 32(2):44-9. PMID: 15064647.
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    126. Taylor AM, Enoka RM. Optimization of input patterns and neuronal properties to evoke motor neuron synchronization. J Comput Neurosci. 2004 Mar-Apr; 16(2):139-57. PMID: 14758063.
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    127. Hunter SK, Critchlow A, Shin IS, Enoka RM. Men are more fatigable than strength-matched women when performing intermittent submaximal contractions. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2004 Jun; 96(6):2125-32. PMID: 14966025.
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    128. Enoka RM. Biomechanics and neuroscience: a failure to communicate. Exerc Sport Sci Rev. 2004 Jan; 32(1):1-3. PMID: 14748541.
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    129. Taylor AM, Enoka RM. Quantification of the factors that influence discharge correlation in model motor neurons. J Neurophysiol. 2004 Feb; 91(2):796-814. PMID: 14586033.
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    130. Tracy BL, Byrnes WC, Enoka RM. Strength training reduces force fluctuations during anisometric contractions of the quadriceps femoris muscles in old adults. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2004 Apr; 96(4):1530-40. PMID: 14565966.
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    131. Hunter SK, Critchlow A, Shin IS, Enoka RM. Fatigability of the elbow flexor muscles for a sustained submaximal contraction is similar in men and women matched for strength. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2004 Jan; 96(1):195-202. PMID: 14514707.
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    132. Semmler JG, Kornatz KW, Enoka RM. Motor-unit coherence during isometric contractions is greater in a hand muscle of older adults. J Neurophysiol. 2003 Aug; 90(2):1346-9. PMID: 12904514.
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    133. Taylor AM, Christou EA, Enoka RM. Multiple features of motor-unit activity influence force fluctuations during isometric contractions. J Neurophysiol. 2003 Aug; 90(2):1350-61. PMID: 12702706.
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    134. Christou EA, Shinohara M, Enoka RM. Fluctuations in acceleration during voluntary contractions lead to greater impairment of movement accuracy in old adults. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2003 Jul; 95(1):373-84. PMID: 12651861.
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    135. Enoka RM, Christou EA, Hunter SK, Kornatz KW, Semmler JG, Taylor AM, Tracy BL. Mechanisms that contribute to differences in motor performance between young and old adults. J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2003 Feb; 13(1):1-12. PMID: 12488083.
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    136. Hunter SK, Lepers R, MacGillis CJ, Enoka RM. Activation among the elbow flexor muscles differs when maintaining arm position during a fatiguing contraction. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2003 Jun; 94(6):2439-47. PMID: 12547844.
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    137. Semmler JG, Kornatz KW, Dinenno DV, Zhou S, Enoka RM. Motor unit synchronisation is enhanced during slow lengthening contractions of a hand muscle. J Physiol. 2002 Dec 01; 545(Pt 2):681-95. PMID: 12456843; PMCID: PMC2290686.
    138. Hunter SK, Ryan DL, Ortega JD, Enoka RM. Task differences with the same load torque alter the endurance time of submaximal fatiguing contractions in humans. J Neurophysiol. 2002 Dec; 88(6):3087-96. PMID: 12466432.
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    139. Shinohara M, Keenan KG, Enoka RM. Contralateral activity in a homologous hand muscle during voluntary contractions is greater in old adults. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2003 Mar; 94(3):966-74. PMID: 12433847.
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    140. Duchateau J, Enoka RM. Neural adaptations with chronic activity patterns in able-bodied humans. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 2002 Nov; 81(11 Suppl):S17-27. PMID: 12409808.
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    141. Laidlaw DH, Hunter SK, Enoka RM. Nonuniform activation of the agonist muscle does not covary with index finger acceleration in old adults. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2002 Oct; 93(4):1400-10. PMID: 12235041.
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    142. Hunter SK, Enoka RM. Changes in muscle activation can prolong the endurance time of a submaximal isometric contraction in humans. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2003 Jan; 94(1):108-18. PMID: 12391034.
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    143. Taylor AM, Steege JW, Enoka RM. Motor-unit synchronization alters spike-triggered average force in simulated contractions. J Neurophysiol. 2002 Jul; 88(1):265-76. PMID: 12091552.
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    144. Enoka RM. Activation order of motor axons in electrically evoked contractions. Muscle Nerve. 2002 Jun; 25(6):763-4. PMID: 12115963.
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    145. Tracy BL, Enoka RM. Older adults are less steady during submaximal isometric contractions with the knee extensor muscles. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2002 Mar; 92(3):1004-12. PMID: 11842033.
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    146. Hunter SK, Enoka RM. Sex differences in the fatigability of arm muscles depends on absolute force during isometric contractions. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2001 Dec; 91(6):2686-94. PMID: 11717235.
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    147. Noteboom JT, Barnholt KR, Enoka RM. Activation of the arousal response and impairment of performance increase with anxiety and stressor intensity. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2001 Nov; 91(5):2093-101. PMID: 11641349.
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    148. Kern DS, Semmler JG, Enoka RM. Long-term activity in upper- and lower-limb muscles of humans. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2001 Nov; 91(5):2224-32. PMID: 11641365.
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    149. Noteboom JT, Fleshner M, Enoka RM. Activation of the arousal response can impair performance on a simple motor task. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2001 Aug; 91(2):821-31. PMID: 11457799.
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    150. Enoka RM, Fuglevand AJ. Motor unit physiology: some unresolved issues. Muscle Nerve. 2001 Jan; 24(1):4-17. PMID: 11150961.
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    151. Semmler JG, Kutzscher DV, Enoka RM. Limb immobilization alters muscle activation patterns during a fatiguing isometric contraction. Muscle Nerve. 2000 Sep; 23(9):1381-92. PMID: 10951441.
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    152. Burnett RA, Laidlaw DH, Enoka RM. Coactivation of the antagonist muscle does not covary with steadiness in old adults. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2000 Jul; 89(1):61-71. PMID: 10904036.
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    153. Semmler JG, Steege JW, Kornatz KW, Enoka RM. Motor-unit synchronization is not responsible for larger motor-unit forces in old adults. J Neurophysiol. 2000 Jul; 84(1):358-66. PMID: 10899210.
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    154. Bilodeau M, Keen DA, Sweeney PJ, Shields RW, Enoka RM. Strength training can improve steadiness in persons with essential tremor. Muscle Nerve. 2000 May; 23(5):771-8. PMID: 10797401.
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    155. Laidlaw DH, Bilodeau M, Enoka RM. Steadiness is reduced and motor unit discharge is more variable in old adults. Muscle Nerve. 2000 Apr; 23(4):600-12. PMID: 10716772.
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    156. Graves AE, Kornatz KW, Enoka RM. Older adults use a unique strategy to lift inertial loads with the elbow flexor muscles. J Neurophysiol. 2000 Apr; 83(4):2030-9. PMID: 10758113.
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    157. Yao W, Fuglevand RJ, Enoka RM. Motor-unit synchronization increases EMG amplitude and decreases force steadiness of simulated contractions. J Neurophysiol. 2000 Jan; 83(1):441-52. PMID: 10634886.
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    158. Semmler JG, Kutzscher DV, Enoka RM. Gender differences in the fatigability of human skeletal muscle. J Neurophysiol. 1999 Dec; 82(6):3590-3. PMID: 10601486.
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    159. Laidlaw DH, Kornatz KW, Keen DA, Suzuki S, Enoka RM. Strength training improves the steadiness of slow lengthening contractions performed by old adults. J Appl Physiol (1985). 1999 Nov; 87(5):1786-95. PMID: 10562623.
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    160. Enoka RM, Burnett RA, Graves AE, Kornatz KW, Laidlaw DH. Task- and age-dependent variations in steadiness. Prog Brain Res. 1999; 123:389-95. PMID: 10635733.
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    161. De Serres SJ, Enoka RM. Older adults can maximally activate the biceps brachii muscle by voluntary command. J Appl Physiol (1985). 1998 Jan; 84(1):284-91. PMID: 9451648.
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    162. Enoka RM. Neural adaptations with chronic physical activity. J Biomech. 1997 May; 30(5):447-55. PMID: 9109556.
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    163. Yue GH, Bilodeau M, Hardy PA, Enoka RM. Task-dependent effect of limb immobilization on the fatigability of the elbow flexor muscles in humans. Exp Physiol. 1997 May; 82(3):567-92. PMID: 9179575.
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    164. Enoka RM. Neural strategies in the control of muscle force. Muscle Nerve Suppl. 1997; 5:S66-9. PMID: 9331388.
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    165. Enoka RM. Eccentric contractions require unique activation strategies by the nervous system. J Appl Physiol (1985). 1996 Dec; 81(6):2339-46. PMID: 9018476.
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    166. Spiegel KM, Stratton J, Burke JR, Glendinning DS, Enoka RM. The influence of age on the assessment of motor unit activation in a human hand muscle. Exp Physiol. 1996 Sep; 81(5):805-19. PMID: 8889479.
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    167. Enoka RM. Morphological features and activation patterns of motor units. J Clin Neurophysiol. 1995 Nov; 12(6):538-59. PMID: 8600170.
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    168. Enoka RM. Mechanisms of muscle fatigue: Central factors and task dependency. J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 1995 Sep; 5(3):141-9. PMID: 20719645.
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    169. Yue G, Fuglevand AJ, Nordstrom MA, Enoka RM. Limitations of the surface electromyography technique for estimating motor unit synchronization. Biol Cybern. 1995 Aug; 73(3):223-33. PMID: 7548311.
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    170. Fuglevand AJ, Bilodeau M, Enoka RM. Short-term immobilization has a minimal effect on the strength and fatigability of a human hand muscle. J Appl Physiol (1985). 1995 Mar; 78(3):847-55. PMID: 7775328.
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    171. Nordstrom MA, Enoka RM, Reinking RM, Callister RC, Stuart DG. Reduced motor unit activation of muscle spindles and tendon organs in the immobilized cat hindlimb. J Appl Physiol (1985). 1995 Mar; 78(3):901-13. PMID: 7775335.
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    172. Thomas CK, Enoka RM, Gandevia SC, McComas AJ, Stuart DG. The scientific contributions of Brenda Bigland-Ritchie. Adv Exp Med Biol. 1995; 384:11-25. PMID: 8585444.
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    173. Grabiner MD, Enoka RM. Changes in movement capabilities with aging. Exerc Sport Sci Rev. 1995; 23:65-104. PMID: 7556361.
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    174. Gandevia SC, Enoka RM, McComas AJ, Stuart DG, Thomas CK. Neurobiology of muscle fatigue. Advances and issues. Adv Exp Med Biol. 1995; 384:515-25. PMID: 8585476.
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    175. Edgerton VR, Enoka RM. Adaptive properties of the sensorimotor system. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1994 Dec; 26(12):1473-4. PMID: 7869881.
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    176. Keen DA, Yue GH, Enoka RM. Training-related enhancement in the control of motor output in elderly humans. J Appl Physiol (1985). 1994 Dec; 77(6):2648-58. PMID: 7896604.
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    177. Yue G, Alexander AL, Laidlaw DH, Gmitro AF, Unger EC, Enoka RM. Sensitivity of muscle proton spin-spin relaxation time as an index of muscle activation. J Appl Physiol (1985). 1994 Jul; 77(1):84-92. PMID: 7961279.
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    178. Garland SJ, Gerilovsky L, Enoka RM. Association between muscle architecture and quadriceps femoris H-reflex. Muscle Nerve. 1994 Jun; 17(6):581-92. PMID: 8196700.
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    179. Garland SJ, Enoka RM, Serrano LP, Robinson GA. Behavior of motor units in human biceps brachii during a submaximal fatiguing contraction. J Appl Physiol (1985). 1994 Jun; 76(6):2411-9. PMID: 7928865.
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    180. Glendinning DS, Enoka RM. Motor unit behavior in Parkinson's disease. Phys Ther. 1994 Jan; 74(1):61-70. PMID: 8265729.
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    181. Galganski ME, Fuglevand AJ, Enoka RM. Reduced control of motor output in a human hand muscle of elderly subjects during submaximal contractions. J Neurophysiol. 1993 Jun; 69(6):2108-15. PMID: 8350134.
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    182. Fuglevand AJ, Zackowski KM, Huey KA, Enoka RM. Impairment of neuromuscular propagation during human fatiguing contractions at submaximal forces. J Physiol. 1993 Jan; 460:549-72. PMID: 8387589; PMCID: PMC1175228.
    183. Enoka RM, Stuart DG. Neurobiology of muscle fatigue. J Appl Physiol (1985). 1992 May; 72(5):1631-48. PMID: 1601767.
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    184. Enoka RM, Trayanova N, Laouris Y, Bevan L, Reinking RM, Stuart DG. Fatigue-related changes in motor unit action potentials of adult cats. Muscle Nerve. 1992 Feb; 15(2):138-50. PMID: 1549136.
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    185. Nordstrom MA, Fuglevand AJ, Enoka RM. Estimating the strength of common input to human motoneurons from the cross-correlogram. J Physiol. 1992; 453:547-74. PMID: 1464844; PMCID: PMC1175573.
    186. Robinson GA, Enoka RM, Stuart DG. Immobilization-induced changes in motor unit force and fatigability in the cat. Muscle Nerve. 1991 Jun; 14(6):563-73. PMID: 1852163.
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    187. Trimble MH, Enoka RM. Mechanisms underlying the training effects associated with neuromuscular electrical stimulation. Phys Ther. 1991 Apr; 71(4):273-80; discussion 280-2. PMID: 2008451.
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    188. Howard JD, Enoka RM. Maximum bilateral contractions are modified by neurally mediated interlimb effects. J Appl Physiol (1985). 1991 Jan; 70(1):306-16. PMID: 2010386.
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    189. Gordon DA, Enoka RM, Karst GM, Stuart DG. Force development and relaxation in single motor units of adult cats during a standard fatigue test. J Physiol. 1990 Feb; 421:583-94. PMID: 2348404; PMCID: PMC1190103.
    190. Gordon DA, Enoka RM, Stuart DG. Motor-unit force potentiation in adult cats during a standard fatigue test. J Physiol. 1990 Feb; 421:569-82. PMID: 2348403; PMCID: PMC1190102.
    191. Enoka RM, Robinson GA, Kossev AR. Task and fatigue effects on low-threshold motor units in human hand muscle. J Neurophysiol. 1989 Dec; 62(6):1344-59. PMID: 2600629.
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    192. Enoka RM, Rankin LL, Stuart DG, Volz KA. Fatigability of rat hindlimb muscle: associations between electromyogram and force during a fatigue test. J Physiol. 1989 Jan; 408:251-70. PMID: 2778729; PMCID: PMC1190402.
    193. Seals DR, Enoka RM. Sympathetic activation is associated with increases in EMG during fatiguing exercise. J Appl Physiol (1985). 1989 Jan; 66(1):88-95. PMID: 2917961.
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    194. Rankin LL, Enoka RM, Volz KA, Stuart DG. Coexistence of twitch potentiation and tetanic force decline in rat hindlimb muscle. J Appl Physiol (1985). 1988 Dec; 65(6):2687-95. PMID: 3215868.
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    195. Enoka RM, Rankin LL, Joyner MJ, Stuart DG. Fatigue-related changes in neuromuscular excitability of rat hindlimb muscles. Muscle Nerve. 1988 Nov; 11(11):1123-32. PMID: 3226428.
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    196. Nemeth PM, Norris BJ, Lowry OH, Gordon DA, Enoka RM, Stuart DG. Activation of muscle fibers in individual motor units revealed by 2-deoxyglucose-6-phosphate. J Neurosci. 1988 Nov; 8(11):3959-66. PMID: 3183708.
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    197. Enoka RM. Load- and skill-related changes in segmental contributions to a weightlifting movement. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1988 Apr; 20(2):178-87. PMID: 3367754.
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    198. Enoka RM, Robinson GA, Kossev AR. A stable, selective electrode for recording single motor-unit potentials in humans. Exp Neurol. 1988 Mar; 99(3):761-4. PMID: 3342852.
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    199. Taylor JA, Chase PB, Enoka RM, Seals DR. Cardiovascular adjustments to rhythmic handgrip exercise: relationship to electromyographic activity and post-exercise hyperemia. Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol. 1988; 58(1-2):32-8. PMID: 3203672.
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    200. Gordon DA, Hamm TM, Enoka RM, Reinking RM, Windhorst U, Stuart DG. Measurement of axonal conduction velocity in single mammalian motor axons. J Neurosci Methods. 1987 Apr; 19(4):267-84. PMID: 3586700.
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    201. Windhorst U, Christakos CN, Koehler W, Hamm TM, Enoka RM, Stuart DG. Amplitude reduction of motor unit twitches during repetitive activation is accompanied by relative increase of hyperpolarizing membrane potential trajectories in homonymous alpha-motoneurons. Brain Res. 1986 Nov 19; 398(1):181-4. PMID: 3801892.
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    202. Hutton RS, Enoka RM. Kinematic assessment of a functional role for recurrent inhibition and selective recruitment. Exp Neurol. 1986 Aug; 93(2):369-79. PMID: 3732476.
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    203. Howard JD, Hoit JD, Enoka RM, Hasan Z. Relative activation of two human elbow flexors under isometric conditions: a cautionary note concerning flexor equivalence. Exp Brain Res. 1986; 62(1):199-202. PMID: 3956633.
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    204. Enoka RM, Rankin LL, Stuart DG. Cage-size and gender effects on fatigue in rats. Physiologist. 1985 Dec; 28(6 Suppl):S137-8. PMID: 3834434.
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    205. Koehler W, Hamm TM, Enoka RM, Stuart DG, Windhorst U. Stimulus-related correlations between medial gastrocnemius muscle tension and homonymous motoneuron membrane potential result from non-linearities. Brain Res. 1985 Sep 23; 343(2):388-93. PMID: 4052760.
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    206. Enoka RM, Stuart DG. The contribution of neuroscience to exercise studies. Fed Proc. 1985 Apr; 44(7):2279-85. PMID: 3884383.
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    207. Hasan Z, Enoka RM. Isometric torque-angle relationship and movement-related activity of human elbow flexors: implications for the equilibrium-point hypothesis. Exp Brain Res. 1985; 59(3):441-50. PMID: 4029320.
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    208. Hasan Z, Enoka RM, Stuart DG. The interface between biomechanics and neurophysiology in the study of movement: some recent approaches. Exerc Sport Sci Rev. 1985; 13:169-234. PMID: 3159581.
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    209. Heckman CJ, Condon SM, Hutton RS, Enoka RM. Can Ib axons be selectively activated by electrical stimuli in human subjects? Exp Neurol. 1984 Dec; 86(3):576-82. PMID: 6499994.
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    210. Hutton RS, Enoka RM, Suzuki S. Activation history and constant errors in human force production. Brain Res. 1984 Jul 30; 307(1-2):344-6. PMID: 6467003.
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    211. Koehler W, Hamm TM, Enoka RM, Stuart DG, Windhorst U. Contractions of single motor units are reflected in membrane potential changes of homonymous alpha-motoneurons. Brain Res. 1984 Apr 02; 296(2):379-84. PMID: 6231082.
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    212. Koehler W, Hamm TM, Enoka RM, Stuart DG, Windhorst U. Linear and non-linear summation of alpha-motoneuron potential changes elicited by contractions of homonymous motor units in cat medial gastrocnemius. Brain Res. 1984 Apr 02; 296(2):385-8. PMID: 6322931.
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    213. Enoka RM. Muscular control of a learned movement: the speed control system hypothesis. Exp Brain Res. 1983; 51(1):135-45. PMID: 6884462.
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    214. Enoka RM, Miller DI, Burgess EM. Below-knee amputee running gait. Am J Phys Med. 1982 Apr; 61(2):66-84. PMID: 7072837.
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    215. Enoka RM, Hutton RS, Eldred E. Changes in excitability of tendon tap and Hoffmann reflexes following voluntary contractions. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol. 1980 Jun; 48(6):664-72. PMID: 6155255.
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    216. Enoka RM. The pull in olympic weightlifting. Med Sci Sports. 1979; 11(2):131-7. PMID: 491869.
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