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Steven L. Moulton

TitleProfessor
InstitutionUniversity of Colorado Denver - Anschutz Medical Campus
DepartmentSOM-SRG
Phone720/777-5874

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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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    1. Shahi N, Phillips R, Meier M, Shirek G, Choi YM, Acker SN, Bensard D, Moulton S. Comparison of non-invasive physiological assessment tools between simple and perforated appendicitis in children. Pediatr Surg Int. 2021 Jul; 37(7):851-857. PMID: 33783635.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Shahi N, Shahi AK, Phillips R, Shirek G, Lindberg DM, Moulton SL. Using deep learning and natural language processing models to detect child physical abuse. J Pediatr Surg. 2021 Mar 18. PMID: 33838900.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Shahi N, Skillman HE, Phillips R, Cooper EH, Shirek GP, Goldsmith A, Meier MR, Kaizer AM, Recicar JF, Banks A, Moulton SL. Why Delay? Early Enteral Nutrition in Pediatric Burn Patients Improves Outcomes. J Burn Care Res. 2021 03 04; 42(2):171-176. PMID: 32810219.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Ehrmann DE, Leopold DK, Campbell K, Silveira L, Gist KM, Phillips R, Shahi N, Moulton SL, Kim JS. Lessons Learned From the First Pilot Study of the Compensatory Reserve Index After Congenital Heart Surgery Requiring Cardiopulmonary Bypass. World J Pediatr Congenit Heart Surg. 2021 Mar; 12(2):176-184. PMID: 33684010.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Phillips R, Shahi N, Shirek G, Stevens J, Meier M, Recicar J, Lindberg DM, Kim J, Moulton S. Meaningful viscoelastic abnormalities in abusive and non-abusivepediatric trauma. J Pediatr Surg. 2021 Feb; 56(2):397-400. PMID: 33280852.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Shahi N, Shahi AK, Phillips R, Shirek G, Bensard D, Moulton SL. Decision-making in pediatric blunt solid organ injury: A deep learning approach to predict massive transfusion, need for operative management, and mortality risk. J Pediatr Surg. 2021 Feb; 56(2):379-384. PMID: 33218680.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Phillips R, Meier M, Shahi N, Acker S, Reppucci M, Shirek G, Recicar J, Moulton S, Bensard D. Elevated pediatric age-adjusted shock-index (SIPA) in blunt solid organ injuries. J Pediatr Surg. 2021 Feb; 56(2):401-404. PMID: 33358417.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Shahi N, Phillips R, Meier M, Shirek G, Goldsmith A, Soden JS, Kaufman J, Moulton S. Gastrostomy Button Placement in Infants With Cyanotic Versus Acyanotic Congenital Heart Disease. J Surg Res. 2021 03; 259:407-413. PMID: 33616074.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Shahi N, Shirek G, Pickett K, Schwartz A, Shoop J, Phillips R, Workman R, Kaplan D, Pitula C, Moulton S. A Pilot Study using the Compensatory Reserve Index to evaluate individuals with Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia syndrome. Cardiol Young. 2020 Dec; 30(12):1833-1839. PMID: 32993834.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Phillips R, Shahi N, Bensard D, Meier M, Shirek G, Goldsmith A, Recicar J, Haasz M, Schroeppel T, Moulton S. Guns, scalpels, and sutures: The cost of gunshot wounds in children and adolescents. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2020 09; 89(3):558-564. PMID: 32833412.
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    11. Bernard M, Martin MJ, Corsa J, Robinson B, Zeeshan M, Joseph B, Morris D, Shillinglaw W, Schurr M, Smith T, Lara S, Brown C, Harrell K, Maxwell R, Berndtson AE, Curry T, Kaups K, Dirks R, Rott M, Schroeppel T, Stillman Z, Warriner Z, Inaba K, Burlew C, Robinson C, Jackson R, Dunn J, Chapin T, Wilson A, Moulton S, Phillips R, Shahi N, Urban S, Velopulos C, Davenport D, C Bernard A. Into the wild and on to the table: A Western Trauma Association multicenter analysis and comparison of wilderness falls in rock climbers and nonclimbers. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2020 09; 89(3):570-575. PMID: 32265389.
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    12. Shahi N, Phillips R, Rodenburg C, Meier M, Shirek G, Recicar J, Moulton S, Bensard D. Combining Cribari matrix and Need For Trauma Intervention (NFTI) to accurately assess undertriage in pediatric trauma. J Pediatr Surg. 2021 Aug; 56(8):1401-1404. PMID: 32951889.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Shahi N, Phillips R, Acker SN, Meier M, Goldsmith A, Shirek G, Ladd P, Moulton SL, Bensard D. Enough is enough: Radiation doses in children with gastrojejunal tubes. J Pediatr Surg. 2021 Apr; 56(4):668-673. PMID: 32921427.
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    14. Shahi N, Phillips R, Meier M, Shirek G, Goldsmith A, Soden JS, Kaufman J, Moulton S. The Nissen Unwrapped: Predictors and Outcomes of Nissen Fundoplication in Congenital Heart Disease. J Surg Res. 2020 12; 256:251-257. PMID: 32712438.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Phillips R, Acker S, Shahi N, Shirek G, Meier M, Goldsmith A, Recicar J, Moulton S, Bensard D. The shock index, pediatric age-adjusted (SIPA) enhanced: Prehospital and emergency department SIPA values forecast transfusion needs for blunt solid organ injured children. Surgery. 2020 10; 168(4):690-694. PMID: 32660865.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Shahi N, Meier M, Phillips R, Shirek G, Goldsmith A, Recicar J, Zuk J, Bielsky A, Yaster M, Moulton S. Pain Management for Pediatric Burns in the Outpatient Setting: A Changing Paradigm? J Burn Care Res. 2020 07 03; 41(4):814-819. PMID: 32303748.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Ehrmann DE, Leopold DK, Phillips R, Shahi N, Campbell K, Ross M, Zablah JE, Moulton SL, Morgan G, Kim JS. The Compensatory Reserve Index Responds to Acute Hemodynamic Changes in Patients with Congenital Heart Disease: A Proof of Concept Study. Pediatr Cardiol. 2020 Aug; 41(6):1190-1198. PMID: 32474738.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Phillips R, Acker SN, Shahi N, Meier M, Leopold D, Recicar J, Kulungowski A, Patrick D, Moulton S, Bensard D. The ABC-D score improves the sensitivity in predicting need for massive transfusion in pediatric trauma patients. J Pediatr Surg. 2020 Feb; 55(2):331-334. PMID: 31718872.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Shahi N, Phillips R, Meier M, Smith D, Leopold D, Recicar J, Moulton S. The true cost of child abuse at a level 1 pediatric trauma center. J Pediatr Surg. 2020 Feb; 55(2):335-340. PMID: 31744603.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Shahi N, Phillips R, Meier M, Nehler M, Jacobs D, Recicar J, Bensard D, Moulton S. Anti-coagulation management in pediatric traumatic vascular injuries. J Pediatr Surg. 2020 Feb; 55(2):324-330. PMID: 31732119.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Leopold DK, Phillips RC, Shahi N, Gien J, Marwan AI, Kinsella JP, Mulligan J, Liechty KW, Moulton SL. Low postnatal CRI values are associated with the need for ECMO in newborns with CDH. J Pediatr Surg. 2020 Jan; 55(1):39-44. PMID: 31679772.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Acker SN, Hill LRS, Bensard DD, Moulton S, Partrick DA. The benefits of limiting scheduled blood draws in children with a blunt liver or spleen injury. J Pediatr Surg. 2020 Jul; 55(7):1219-1223. PMID: 31133284.
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    23. Choi YM, Chopra T, Smith D, Moulton S. Sun heated surfaces are an environmental hazard for young children. Perspect Public Health. 2019 Sep; 139(5):264-270. PMID: 30920359.
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    24. Burlew CC, Sumislawski JJ, Behnfield CD, McNutt MK, McCarthy J, Sharpe JP, Croce MA, Bala M, Kashuk J, Spalding MC, Beery PR, John S, Hunt DJ, Harmon L, Stein DM, Callcut R, Wybourn C, Sperry J, Anto V, Dunn J, Veith JP, Brown CVR, Celii A, Zander TL, Coimbra R, Berndtson AE, Moss TZ, Malhotra AK, Hazelton JP, Linden K, West M, Alam HB, Williams AM, Kim J, Inaba K, Moulton S, Choi YM, Warren HL, Collier B, Ball CG, Savage S, Hartwell JL, Cullinane DC, Zielinski MD, Ray-Zack MD, Morse BC, Rhee P, Rutherford EJ, Udekwu P, Reynolds C, Toschlog E, Gondek S, Ju T, Haan JM, Lightwine KL, Kulvatunyou N, Coates B, Khouqeer AF, Todd SR, Zarzaur B, Waller CJ, Kallies KJ, Neideen T, Eddine SBZ, Peck KA, Dunne CE, Kramer K, Bokhari F, Dhillon TS, Galante JM, Cohen MJ. Time to stroke: A Western Trauma Association multicenter study of blunt cerebrovascular injuries. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2018 11; 85(5):858-866. PMID: 29847537.
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    25. Bennett CV, Maguire S, Nuttall D, Lindberg DM, Moulton S, Bajaj L, Kemp AM, Mullen S. First aid for children's burns in the US and UK: An urgent call to establish and promote international standards. Burns. 2019 03; 45(2):440-449. PMID: 30266196.
      View in: PubMed
    26. Choi YM, Campbell K, Hayes K, Jacobson R, Kobak G, Moulton S. Model to estimate abdominal wall thickness in children undergoing placement or replacement of gastrostomy devices. J Pediatr Surg. 2019 Apr; 54(4):707-711. PMID: 30482537.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Choi YM, Nederveld C, Campbell K, Moulton S. A Soft Casting Technique for Managing Pediatric Hand and Foot Burns. J Burn Care Res. 2018 08 17; 39(5):760-765. PMID: 29635377.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Choi YM, Campbell K, Levek C, Recicar J, Moulton S. Antibiotic ointment versus a silver-based dressing for children with extremity burns: A randomized controlled study. J Pediatr Surg. 2019 Jul; 54(7):1391-1396. PMID: 29983189.
      View in: PubMed
    29. Choi YM, Leopold D, Campbell K, Mulligan J, Grudic GZ, Moulton SL. Noninvasive monitoring of physiologic compromise in acute appendicitis: New insight into an old disease. J Pediatr Surg. 2018 Feb; 53(2):241-246. PMID: 29217323.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Moulton SL, Mulligan J, Santoro MA, Bui K, Grudic GZ, MacLeod D. Validation of a noninvasive monitor to continuously trend individual responses to hypovolemia. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2017 07; 83(1 Suppl 1):S104-S111. PMID: 28463939.
      View in: PubMed
    31. Stewart CL, Acker SN, Pyle L, Smith DS, Bensard DD, Moulton SL. Mapping pediatric injuries to target prevention, education, and outreach. J Pediatr Surg. 2017 Aug; 52(8):1287-1291. PMID: 28073490.
      View in: PubMed
    32. Milan M, Jhajj S, Stewart C, Pyle L, Moulton S. Helmet use and injury severity among pediatric skiers and snowboarders in Colorado. J Pediatr Surg. 2017 Feb; 52(2):349-353. PMID: 27876383.
      View in: PubMed
    33. Stewart CL, Mulligan J, Grudic GZ, Talley ME, Jurkovich GJ, Moulton SL. The Compensatory Reserve Index Following Injury: Results of a Prospective Clinical Trial. Shock. 2016 09; 46(3 Suppl 1):61-7. PMID: 27172155.
      View in: PubMed
    34. Moulton SL, Mulligan J, Srikiatkhachorn A, Kalayanarooj S, Grudic GZ, Green S, Gibbons RV, Muniz GW, Hinojosa-Laborde C, Rothman AL, Thomas SJ, Convertino VA. State-of-the-art monitoring in treatment of dengue shock syndrome: a case series. J Med Case Rep. 2016 Aug 24; 10(1):233. PMID: 27553703.
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    35. Stewart CL, Nawn CD, Mulligan J, Grudic G, Moulton SL, Convertino VA. Compensatory Reserve for Early and Accurate Prediction of Hemodynamic Compromise: Case Studies for Clinical Utility in Acute Care and Physical Performance. J Spec Oper Med. 2016; 16(1):6-13. PMID: 27045488.
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    36. Carter KW, Moulton SL. Pediatric abdominal injury patterns caused by "falls": A comparison between nonaccidental and accidental trauma. J Pediatr Surg. 2016 Feb; 51(2):326-8. PMID: 26850907.
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    37. Convertino VA, Howard JT, Hinojosa-Laborde C, Cardin S, Batchelder P, Mulligan J, Grudic GZ, Moulton SL, MacLeod DB. Individual-Specific, Beat-to-beat Trending of Significant Human Blood Loss: The Compensatory Reserve. Shock. 2015 Aug; 44 Suppl 1:27-32. PMID: 25565640.
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    38. Stewart CL, Mulligan J, Grudic GZ, Pyle L, Moulton SL. A noninvasive computational method for fluid resuscitation monitoring in pediatric burns: a preliminary report. J Burn Care Res. 2015 Jan-Feb; 36(1):145-50. PMID: 25383980.
      View in: PubMed
    39. Wibbenmeyer L, Gittelman MA, Kluesner K, Liao J, Xing Y, Faraklas I, Anyan W, Gamero C, Moulton S, Nederveld C, Banks A, Ryan CM, Conway JA, Reilly DA, Fish J, Kelly C, Peltier G, Schwantke E, Conrad PF, Caruso DM, Richey KJ, McCrory K, Elfar MS, Pittinger T, Sadie C, Greenhalgh D, Palmieri T, Grossman PH, Richards KM, Joyce T, Pozez AL, Savetamal A, Harrington DT, Duncan K, Pomerantz WJ, Dillard BD. A multicenter study of preventable contact burns from glass fronted gas fireplaces. J Burn Care Res. 2015 Jan-Feb; 36(1):240-5. PMID: 25559733.
      View in: PubMed
    40. Stewart CL, Mulligan J, Grudic GZ, Convertino VA, Moulton SL. Detection of low-volume blood loss: compensatory reserve versus traditional vital signs. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2014 Dec; 77(6):892-7; discussion 897-8. PMID: 25423536.
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    41. Eun JC, Bronsert M, Hansen K, Moulton SL, Jazaeri O, Nehler M, Greenberg JI. Vascular injury is associated with increased mortality in winter sports trauma. Ann Vasc Surg. 2015 Jan; 29(1):109-13. PMID: 25449983.
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    42. Stewart CL, Metzger RR, Pyle L, Darmofal J, Scaife E, Moulton SL. Helicopter versus ground emergency medical services for the transportation of traumatically injured children. J Pediatr Surg. 2015 Feb; 50(2):347-52. PMID: 25638635.
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    43. Holscher CM, Stewart CL, Peltz ED, Burlew CC, Moulton SL, Haenel JB, Bensard DD. Early tracheostomy improves outcomes in severely injured children and adolescents. J Pediatr Surg. 2014 Apr; 49(4):590-2. PMID: 24726119.
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    44. Stewart MS, Dietz RM, Landman MP, Moulton SL, Wright CJ. Abdominal radiograph with intravesical air and possible small bowel atresia. J Pediatr. 2014 May; 164(5):1238-1238.e1. PMID: 24472230.
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    45. Moulton SL, Mulligan J, Grudic GZ, Convertino VA. Running on empty? The compensatory reserve index. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2013 Dec; 75(6):1053-9. PMID: 24256681.
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    46. Stewart CL, Moscariello MA, Hansen KW, Moulton SL. Infant car safety seats and risk of head injury. J Pediatr Surg. 2014 Jan; 49(1):193-6; discussion 196-7. PMID: 24439608.
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    47. Stewart CL, Holscher CM, Moore EE, Bronsert M, Moulton SL, Partrick DA, Bensard DD. Base deficit correlates with mortality in pediatric abusive head trauma. J Pediatr Surg. 2013 Oct; 48(10):2106-11. PMID: 24094965.
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    48. Van Sickle C, Schafer K, Mulligan J, Grudic GZ, Moulton SL, Convertino VA. A sensitive shock index for real-time patient assessment during simulated hemorrhage. Aviat Space Environ Med. 2013 Sep; 84(9):907-12. PMID: 24024301.
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    49. Convertino VA, Grudic G, Mulligan J, Moulton S. Estimation of individual-specific progression to impending cardiovascular instability using arterial waveforms. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2013 Oct 15; 115(8):1196-202. PMID: 23928113.
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    50. Muniz GW, Wampler DA, Manifold CA, Grudic GZ, Mulligan J, Moulton S, Gerhardt RT, Convertino VA. Promoting early diagnosis of hemodynamic instability during simulated hemorrhage with the use of a real-time decision-assist algorithm. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2013 Aug; 75(2 Suppl 2):S184-9. PMID: 23883906.
      View in: PubMed
    51. Convertino VA, Moulton SL, Grudic GZ, Rickards CA, Hinojosa-Laborde C, Gerhardt RT, Blackbourne LH, Ryan KL. Use of advanced machine-learning techniques for noninvasive monitoring of hemorrhage. J Trauma. 2011 Jul; 71(1 Suppl):S25-32. PMID: 21795890.
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    52. Moulton SL, Haley-Andrews S, Mulligan J. Emerging technologies for pediatric and adult trauma care. Curr Opin Pediatr. 2010 Jun; 22(3):332-8. PMID: 20407375.
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    53. Houston M, Cassabaum V, Matzick S, Rapstine T, Terry S, Uribe P, Harwood J, Moulton S. Teen traffic safety campaign: competition is the key. J Trauma. 2010 Mar; 68(3):511-4. PMID: 20220411.
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    54. Wood JH, Partrick DA, Bruny JL, Sauaia A, Moulton SL. Operative vs nonoperative management of blunt pancreatic trauma in children. J Pediatr Surg. 2010 Feb; 45(2):401-6. PMID: 20152361.
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    55. Moulton SL, Thaller LH, Hartford CE. A wound caused by a small alkaline cell (button battery) under a plaster cast: report of a case. J Burn Care Res. 2009 Mar-Apr; 30(2):355-7. PMID: 19165098.
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    56. Fujii AM, Moulton S. VATS management of an enlarging multicystic pneumatocele. J Perinatol. 2008 Jun; 28(6):445-7. PMID: 18511931.
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    57. Servais EL, Lamorte WW, Agarwal S, Moschetti W, Mallipattu SK, Moulton SL. Teaching surgical decision-making: an interactive, web-based approach. J Surg Res. 2006 Jul; 134(1):102-6. PMID: 16488433.
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    58. Saxe GN, Miller A, Bartholomew D, Hall E, Lopez C, Kaplow J, Koenen KC, Bosquet M, Allee L, Erikson I, Moulton S. Incidence of and risk factors for acute stress disorder in children with injuries. J Trauma. 2005 Oct; 59(4):946-53. PMID: 16374286.
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    59. Fisher JC, Moulton SL. Nonoperative management and delayed hemorrhage after pediatric liver injury: new issues to consider. J Pediatr Surg. 2004 Apr; 39(4):619-22. PMID: 15065041.
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    60. Fujii AM, Moulton S. Percutaneous catheter evacuation of a pneumatocele in an extremely premature infant with respiratory failure. J Perinatol. 2003 Sep; 23(6):516-8. PMID: 13679944.
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    61. Givner A, Gurney J, O'Connor D, Kassarjian A, Lamorte WW, Moulton S. Reimaging in pediatric neurotrauma: factors associated with progression of intracranial injury. J Pediatr Surg. 2002 Mar; 37(3):381-5. PMID: 11877652.
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    62. Oyama L, Tannas HS, Moulton S. Desktop and mobile software development for surgical practice. J Pediatr Surg. 2002 Mar; 37(3):477-81. PMID: 11877671.
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    63. Moulton SL. Early management of the child with multiple injuries. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2000 Jul; (376):6-14. PMID: 10906852.
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    64. Chiang SC, Cheng CH, Moulton KS, Kasznica JM, Moulton SL. TNP-470 inhibits intraabdominal adhesion formation. J Pediatr Surg. 2000 Feb; 35(2):189-96. PMID: 10693664.
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    65. Ramenofsky ML, Moulton SL. The pediatric trauma center. Semin Pediatr Surg. 1995 May; 4(2):128-34. PMID: 7633852.
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    66. Moulton SL, Bouvet M, Lynch FP. Congenital microgastria in a premature infant. J Pediatr Surg. 1994 Dec; 29(12):1594-5. PMID: 7877041.
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    67. Moulton SL, Downey EC, Anderson DS, Lynch FP. Blunt bile duct injuries in children. J Pediatr Surg. 1993 Jun; 28(6):795-7. PMID: 8331505.
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    68. Moulton SL, Lynch FP, Hoyt DB, Kitchen L, Pinckney L, Canty TG, Collins DL. Operative intervention for pediatric liver injuries: avoiding delay in treatment. J Pediatr Surg. 1992 Aug; 27(8):958-62; discussion 963. PMID: 1403558.
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    69. Moulton SL, Krous HF, Merritt TA, Odell RM, Gangitano E, Cornish JD. Congenital pulmonary alveolar proteinosis: failure of treatment with extracorporeal life support. J Pediatr. 1992 Feb; 120(2 Pt 1):297-302. PMID: 1341413.
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    70. Moulton SL, Lynch FP, Canty TG, Collins DL, Hoyt DB. Hepatic vein and retrohepatic vena caval injuries in children. Sternotomy first? Arch Surg. 1991 Oct; 126(10):1262-6. PMID: 1929827.
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    71. Cornish JD, Dudell GG, Evans ML, Sweet LD, Moulton SL. Use of umbilical vessels for neonatal ECMO cannulation: possibilities and precautions. ASAIO Trans. 1991 Oct-Dec; 37(4):545-8. PMID: 1768485.
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    72. Moulton SL, Lynch FP, Cornish JD, Bejar RF, Simko AJ, Krous HF. Carotid artery reconstruction following neonatal extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. J Pediatr Surg. 1991 Jul; 26(7):794-9. PMID: 1895187.
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