Colorado PROFILES, The Colorado Clinical and Translational Sciences Institute (CCTSI)
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Kurt R Stenmark

TitleProfessor
InstitutionUniversity of Colorado Denver - Anschutz Medical Campus
DepartmentSOM-PEDS
Phone303/724-5623

    Collapse Research 
    Collapse research activities and funding
    T32HL007171     (STENMARK, KURT R.)Jul 1, 1976 - Jun 30, 2018
    NIH/NHLBI
    Translational Pulmonary Vascular Biology Program
    Role: Principal Investigator

    P01HL014985     (STENMARK, KURT R.)Apr 1, 1977 - Jun 30, 2020
    NIH/NHLBI
    Adaptation to Hypoxia
    Role: Principal Investigator

    K08HL001503     (STENMARK, KURT R)Jul 1, 1985 - Jun 30, 1990
    NIH/NHLBI
    LUNG LIPIDS IN NEONATAL PULMONARY HYPERTENSIVE DISEASES
    Role: Principal Investigator

    P50HL046481     (STENMARK, KURT R)Dec 30, 1991 - Nov 30, 1996
    NIH/NHLBI
    SCOR--LUNG BIOLOGY AND DISEASES IN INFANTS AND CHILDREN
    Role: Principal Investigator

    P50HL057144     (STENMARK, KURT R)Dec 1, 1996 - Nov 30, 2007
    NIH/NHLBI
    SCOR: Impact of Injury on the Immature Pulmonary Circul*
    Role: Principal Investigator

    P50HL084923     (STENMARK, KURT R.)Jan 12, 2007 - Dec 31, 2012
    NIH/NHLBI
    Lung Vascular Disease in Infants and Children: Mechanisms and Treatment
    Role: Principal Investigator

    R01HL114887     (STENMARK, KURT R.)Aug 15, 2012 - Jun 30, 2017
    NIH/NHLBI
    Fibroblasts and Mononuclear Fibrogenic Cells Drive Right Ventricular Pulmonary Ar
    Role: Principal Investigator

    R01HL125827     (STENMARK, KURT R.)Dec 1, 2014 - Nov 30, 2018
    NIH/NHLBI
    Crosstalk Between Metabolism and Inflammation in Pulmonary Hypertension
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse selected publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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    1. D'Alessandro A, El Kasmi KC, Plecitá-Hlavatá L, Ježek P, Li M, Zhang H, Gupte SA, Stenmark KR. Hallmarks of Pulmonary Hypertension: Mesenchymal and Inflammatory Cell Metabolic Reprogramming. Antioxid Redox Signal. 2017 Aug 14. PMID: 28637353.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Sharma S, Floren M, Ding Y, Stenmark KR, Tan W, Bryant SJ. A photoclickable peptide microarray platform for facile and rapid screening of 3-D tissue microenvironments. Biomaterials. 2017 Oct; 143:17-28. PMID: 28756193.
      View in: PubMed
    3. D'Alessandro A, Nozik-Grayck E, Stenmark KR. Identification of Infants at Risk for Chronic Lung Disease at Birth: Potential for a Personalized Approach to Disease Prevention. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2017 Jun 14. PMID: 28613077.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Kumar R, Mickael C, Kassa B, Gebreab L, Robinson JC, Koyanagi DE, Sanders L, Barthel L, Meadows C, Fox D, Irwin D, Li M, McKeon BA, Riddle S, Dale Brown R, Morgan LE, Evans CM, Hernandez-Saavedra D, Bandeira A, Maloney JP, Bull TM, Janssen WJ, Stenmark KR, Tuder RM, Graham BB. TGF-ß activation by bone marrow-derived thrombospondin-1 causes Schistosoma- and hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension. Nat Commun. 2017 May 30; 8:15494. PMID: 28555642.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Yuan JX, Morrell NW, Stenmark KR, Lang IM, Butrous G, Reynolds ME. The Pulmonary Vascular Research Institute celebrates its first decade. Pulm Circ. 2017 Apr-Jun; 7(2):283-284. PMID: 28597776.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Loomis Z, Eigenberger P, Redinius K, Lisk C, Karoor V, Nozik-Grayck E, Ferguson SK, Hassell K, Nuss R, Stenmark KR, Buehler PW, Irwin DC. Correction: Hemoglobin induced cell trauma indirectly influences endothelial TLR9 activity resulting in pulmonary vascular smooth muscle cell activation. PLoS One. 2017; 12(3):e0173652. PMID: 28264019.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Mouradian GC, Gaurav R, Pugliese S, El Kasmi K, Hartman B, Hernandez-Lagunas L, Stenmark KR, Bowler RP, Nozik-Grayck E. Superoxide Dismutase 3 R213G Single-Nucleotide Polymorphism Blocks Murine Bleomycin-Induced Fibrosis and Promotes Resolution of Inflammation. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2017 Mar; 56(3):362-371. PMID: 27805412.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Gupta N, Rashid J, Nozik-Grayck E, McMurtry IF, Stenmark KR, Ahsan F. Cocktail of Superoxide Dismutase and Fasudil Encapsulated in Targeted Liposomes Slows PAH Progression at a Reduced Dosing Frequency. Mol Pharm. 2017 Mar 06; 14(3):830-841. PMID: 28165252.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Rashid J, Patel B, Nozik-Grayck E, McMurtry IF, Stenmark KR, Ahsan F. Inhaled sildenafil as an alternative to oral sildenafil in the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). J Control Release. 2017 Mar 28; 250:96-106. PMID: 28185800.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Loomis Z, Eigenberger P, Redinius K, Lisk C, Karoor V, Nozik-Grayck E, Ferguson SK, Hassell K, Nuss R, Stenmark K, Buehler P, Irwin DC. Hemoglobin induced cell trauma indirectly influences endothelial TLR9 activity resulting in pulmonary vascular smooth muscle cell activation. PLoS One. 2017; 12(2):e0171219. PMID: 28152051.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Madhavan K, Frid MG, Hunter K, Shandas R, Stenmark KR, Park D. Development of an electrospun biomimetic polyurea scaffold suitable for vascular grafting. J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater. 2017 Jan 27. PMID: 28130878.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Murakami A, Wang L, Kalhorn S, Schraml P, Rathmell WK, Tan AC, Nemenoff R, Stenmark K, Jiang BH, Reyland ME, Heasley L, Hu CJ. Context-dependent role for chromatin remodeling component PBRM1/BAF180 in clear cell renal cell carcinoma. Oncogenesis. 2017 Jan 16; 6(1):e287. PMID: 28092369.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Pullamsetti SS, Perros F, Chelladurai P, Yuan J, Stenmark K. Transcription factors, transcriptional coregulators, and epigenetic modulation in the control of pulmonary vascular cell phenotype: therapeutic implications for pulmonary hypertension (2015 Grover Conference series). Pulm Circ. 2016 Dec; 6(4):448-464. PMID: 28090287.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Yuan JX, Morrell NW, Stenmark KR, Butrous G, Reynolds ME. Our readership grows by leaps and bounds. Pulm Circ. 2016 Dec; 6(4):405-406. PMID: 28090284.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Gao Y, Cornfield DN, Stenmark KR, Thébaud B, Abman SH, Raj JU. Unique aspects of the developing lung circulation: structural development and regulation of vasomotor tone. Pulm Circ. 2016 Dec; 6(4):407-425. PMID: 27942377.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Lapel M, Weston P, Strassheim D, Karoor V, Burns N, Lyubchenko T, Paucek P, Stenmark KR, Gerasimovskaya EV. Glycolysis and oxidative phosphorylation are essential for purinergic receptor-mediated angiogenic responses in vasa vasorum endothelial cells. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2017 Jan 01; 312(1):C56-C70. PMID: 27856430.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Neary JM, Brown RD, Holt TN, Stenmark KR, Enns RM, Thomas MG, Garry FB. Static and dynamic components of right ventricular afterload are negatively associated with calf survival at high altitude. J Anim Sci. 2016 Oct; 94(10):4172-4178. PMID: 27898844.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Li M, Riddle S, Zhang H, D'Alessandro A, Flockton A, Serkova NJ, Hansen KC, Moldvan R, McKeon BA, Frid M, Kumar S, Li H, Liu H, Caánovas A, Medrano JF, Thomas MG, Iloska D, Plecitá-Hlavatá L, Ježek P, Pullamsetti S, Fini MA, El Kasmi KC, Zhang Q, Stenmark KR. Metabolic Reprogramming Regulates the Proliferative and Inflammatory Phenotype of Adventitial Fibroblasts in Pulmonary Hypertension Through the Transcriptional Corepressor C-Terminal Binding Protein-1. Circulation. 2016 Oct 11; 134(15):1105-1121. PMID: 27562971.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Stenmark KR, Krafsur GM, Tuder RM. Pulmonary Veno-occlusive Disease and Pulmonary Hypertension in Dogs: Striking Similarities to the Human Condition. Vet Pathol. 2016 Jul; 53(4):707-10. PMID: 27298303.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Plecitá-Hlavatá L, Tauber J, Li M, Zhang H, Flockton AR, Pullamsetti SS, Chelladurai P, D'Alessandro A, El Kasmi KC, Ježek P, Stenmark KR. Constitutive Reprogramming of Fibroblast Mitochondrial Metabolism in Pulmonary Hypertension. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2016 Jul; 55(1):47-57. PMID: 26699943; PMCID: PMC4942204 [Available on 07/01/17].
    21. Nozik-Grayck E, Woods C, Stearman RS, Venkataraman S, Ferguson BS, Swain K, Bowler RP, Geraci MW, Ihida-Stansbury K, Stenmark KR, McKinsey TA, Domann FE. Histone deacetylation contributes to low extracellular superoxide dismutase expression in human idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2016 Jul 01; 311(1):L124-34. PMID: 27233998; PMCID: PMC4967185 [Available on 07/01/17].
    22. Bartels K, Brown RD, Fox DL, Bull TM, Neary JM, Dorosz JL, Fonseca BM, Stenmark KR. Right Ventricular Longitudinal Strain Is Depressed in a Bovine Model of Pulmonary Hypertension. Anesth Analg. 2016 May; 122(5):1280-6. PMID: 26974020; PMCID: PMC4840046 [Available on 05/01/17].
    23. Stenmark KR, Frid M, Perros F. Endothelial-to-Mesenchymal Transition: An Evolving Paradigm and a Promising Therapeutic Target in PAH. Circulation. 2016 May 03; 133(18):1734-7. PMID: 27045137; PMCID: PMC4866805 [Available on 05/03/17].
    24. Schäfer M, Myers C, Brown RD, Frid MG, Tan W, Hunter K, Stenmark KR. Pulmonary Arterial Stiffness: Toward a New Paradigm in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Pathophysiology and Assessment. Curr Hypertens Rep. 2016 Jan; 18(1):4. PMID: 26733189.
      View in: PubMed
    25. Abman SH, Hansmann G, Archer SL, Ivy DD, Adatia I, Chung WK, Hanna BD, Rosenzweig EB, Raj JU, Cornfield D, Stenmark KR, Steinhorn R, Thébaud B, Fineman JR, Kuehne T, Feinstein JA, Friedberg MK, Earing M, Barst RJ, Keller RL, Kinsella JP, Mullen M, Deterding R, Kulik T, Mallory G, Humpl T, Wessel DL. Pediatric Pulmonary Hypertension: Guidelines From the American Heart Association and American Thoracic Society. Circulation. 2015 Nov 24; 132(21):2037-99. PMID: 26534956.
      View in: PubMed
    26. El Kasmi KC, Stenmark KR. Contribution of metabolic reprogramming to macrophage plasticity and function. Semin Immunol. 2015 Aug; 27(4):267-75. PMID: 26454572; PMCID: PMC4677817 [Available on 10/09/16].
    27. Neary JM, Garry FB, Holt TN, Brown RD, Stenmark KR, Enns RM, Thomas MG. The altitude at which a calf is born and raised influences the rate at which mean pulmonary arterial pressure increases with age. J Anim Sci. 2015 Oct; 93(10):4714-20. PMID: 26523564.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Nagel MA, Choe A, Rempel A, Wyborny A, Stenmark K, Gilden D. Differential regulation of matrix metalloproteinases in varicella zoster virus-infected human brain vascular adventitial fibroblasts. J Neurol Sci. 2015 Nov 15; 358(1-2):444-6. PMID: 26443282; PMCID: PMC4628845 [Available on 11/15/16].
    29. Deng L, Blanco FJ, Stevens H, Lu R, Caudrillier A, McBride M, McClure JD, Grant J, Thomas M, Frid M, Stenmark K, White K, Seto AG, Morrell NW, Bradshaw AC, MacLean MR, Baker AH. MicroRNA-143 Activation Regulates Smooth Muscle and Endothelial Cell Crosstalk in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension. Circ Res. 2015 Oct 23; 117(10):870-883. PMID: 26311719; PMCID: PMC4620852.
    30. Zhao L, Oliver E, Maratou K, Atanur SS, Dubois OD, Cotroneo E, Chen CN, Wang L, Arce C, Chabosseau PL, Ponsa-Cobas J, Frid MG, Moyon B, Webster Z, Aldashev A, Ferrer J, Rutter GA, Stenmark KR, Aitman TJ, Wilkins MR. The zinc transporter ZIP12 regulates the pulmonary vascular response to chronic hypoxia. Nature. 2015 Aug 20; 524(7565):356-60. PMID: 26258299.
      View in: PubMed
    31. Prakash YS, Tschumperlin DJ, Stenmark KR. Coming to terms with tissue engineering and regenerative medicine in the lung. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2015 Oct 01; 309(7):L625-38. PMID: 26254424; PMCID: PMC4593835 [Available on 10/01/16].
    32. Stenmark KR, Tuder RM, El Kasmi KC. Metabolic reprogramming and inflammation act in concert to control vascular remodeling in hypoxic pulmonary hypertension. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2015 Nov 15; 119(10):1164-72. PMID: 25930027; PMCID: PMC4816410 [Available on 11/15/16].
    33. Newman JH, Holt TN, Cogan JD, Womack B, Phillips JA, Li C, Kendall Z, Stenmark KR, Thomas MG, Brown RD, Riddle SR, West JD, Hamid R. Increased prevalence of EPAS1 variant in cattle with high-altitude pulmonary hypertension. Nat Commun. 2015 Apr 15; 6:6863. PMID: 25873470; PMCID: PMC4399003.
    34. Cavasin MA, Stenmark KR, McKinsey TA. Emerging roles for histone deacetylases in pulmonary hypertension and right ventricular remodeling (2013 Grover Conference series). Pulm Circ. 2015 Mar; 5(1):63-72. PMID: 25992271; PMCID: PMC4405717.
    35. Miyamoto SD, Karimpour-Fard A, Peterson V, Auerbach SR, Stenmark KR, Stauffer BL, Sucharov CC. Circulating microRNA as a biomarker for recovery in pediatric dilated cardiomyopathy. J Heart Lung Transplant. 2015 May; 34(5):724-33. PMID: 25840506.
      View in: PubMed
    36. Ranchoux B, Günther S, Quarck R, Chaumais MC, Dorfmüller P, Antigny F, Dumas SJ, Raymond N, Lau E, Savale L, Jaïs X, Sitbon O, Simonneau G, Stenmark K, Cohen-Kaminsky S, Humbert M, Montani D, Perros F. Chemotherapy-induced pulmonary hypertension: role of alkylating agents. Am J Pathol. 2015 Feb; 185(2):356-71. PMID: 25497573.
      View in: PubMed
    37. Tan W, Madhavan K, Hunter KS, Park D, Stenmark KR. Vascular stiffening in pulmonary hypertension: cause or consequence? (2013 Grover Conference series). Pulm Circ. 2014 Dec; 4(4):560-80. PMID: 25610594; PMCID: PMC4278618.
    38. Bruns DR, Brown RD, Stenmark KR, Buttrick PM, Walker LA. Mitochondrial integrity in a neonatal bovine model of right ventricular dysfunction. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2015 Jan 15; 308(2):L158-67. PMID: 25416385; PMCID: PMC4338944.
    39. Pugliese SC, Poth JM, Fini MA, Olschewski A, El Kasmi KC, Stenmark KR. The role of inflammation in hypoxic pulmonary hypertension: from cellular mechanisms to clinical phenotypes. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2015 Feb 01; 308(3):L229-52. PMID: 25416383; PMCID: PMC4338929.
    40. Nozik-Grayck E, Woods C, Taylor JM, Benninger RK, Johnson RD, Villegas LR, Stenmark KR, Harrison DG, Majka SM, Irwin D, Farrow KN. Selective depletion of vascular EC-SOD augments chronic hypoxic pulmonary hypertension. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2014 Dec 01; 307(11):L868-76. PMID: 25326578; PMCID: PMC4254965.
    41. Tuder RM, Archer SL, Dorfmüller P, Erzurum SC, Guignabert C, Michelakis E, Rabinovitch M, Schermuly R, Stenmark KR, Morrell NW. [Relevant issues in the pathology and pathobiology of pulmonary hypertension]. Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars. 2014 Oct; 42 Suppl 1:5-16. PMID: 25697030.
      View in: PubMed
    42. Tan Y, Tseng PO, Wang D, Zhang H, Hunter K, Hertzberg J, Stenmark KR, Tan W. Stiffening-induced high pulsatility flow activates endothelial inflammation via a TLR2/NF-?B pathway. PLoS One. 2014; 9(7):e102195. PMID: 25029271; PMCID: PMC4100881.
    43. El Kasmi KC, Pugliese SC, Riddle SR, Poth JM, Anderson AL, Frid MG, Li M, Pullamsetti SS, Savai R, Nagel MA, Fini MA, Graham BB, Tuder RM, Friedman JE, Eltzschig HK, Sokol RJ, Stenmark KR. Adventitial fibroblasts induce a distinct proinflammatory/profibrotic macrophage phenotype in pulmonary hypertension. J Immunol. 2014 Jul 15; 193(2):597-609. PMID: 24928992; PMCID: PMC4100597.
    44. Fini MA, Wright RM, Stenmark KR, Daniels SR, Johnson RJ. Is uric acid an underdiagnosed mediator of adverse outcome in metabolically healthy overweight/obese individuals? Am J Med. 2014 Jun; 127(6):e21. PMID: 24856327.
      View in: PubMed
    45. Miyamoto SD, Stauffer BL, Polk J, Medway A, Friedrich M, Haubold K, Peterson V, Nunley K, Nelson P, Sobus R, Stenmark KR, Sucharov CC. Gene expression and ß-adrenergic signaling are altered in hypoplastic left heart syndrome. J Heart Lung Transplant. 2014 Aug; 33(8):785-93. PMID: 24793904; PMCID: PMC4111994.
    46. Nijmeh H, Balasubramaniam V, Burns N, Ahmad A, Stenmark KR, Gerasimovskaya EV. High proliferative potential endothelial colony-forming cells contribute to hypoxia-induced pulmonary artery vasa vasorum neovascularization. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2014 Apr 01; 306(7):L661-71. PMID: 24508729; PMCID: PMC3962625.
    47. Wojciak-Stothard B, Abdul-Salam VB, Lao KH, Tsang H, Irwin DC, Lisk C, Loomis Z, Stenmark KR, Edwards JC, Yuspa SH, Howard LS, Edwards RJ, Rhodes CJ, Gibbs JS, Wharton J, Zhao L, Wilkins MR. Aberrant chloride intracellular channel 4 expression contributes to endothelial dysfunction in pulmonary arterial hypertension. Circulation. 2014 Apr 29; 129(17):1770-80. PMID: 24503951; PMCID: PMC4033409.
    48. Colvin KL, Dufva MJ, Delaney RP, Ivy DD, Stenmark KR, Yeager ME. Biomarkers for pediatric pulmonary arterial hypertension - a call to collaborate. Front Pediatr. 2014; 2:7. PMID: 24551834; PMCID: PMC3910125.
    49. Dweik RA, Rounds S, Erzurum SC, Archer S, Fagan K, Hassoun PM, Hill NS, Humbert M, Kawut SM, Krowka M, Michelakis E, Morrell NW, Stenmark K, Tuder RM, Newman J. An official American Thoracic Society Statement: pulmonary hypertension phenotypes. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2014 Feb 01; 189(3):345-55. PMID: 24484330; PMCID: PMC4291177.
    50. Williams SM, Golden-Mason L, Ferguson BS, Schuetze KB, Cavasin MA, Demos-Davies K, Yeager ME, Stenmark KR, McKinsey TA. Class I HDACs regulate angiotensin II-dependent cardiac fibrosis via fibroblasts and circulating fibrocytes. J Mol Cell Cardiol. 2014 Feb; 67:112-25. PMID: 24374140; PMCID: PMC4120952.
    51. Tuder RM, Archer SL, Dorfmüller P, Erzurum SC, Guignabert C, Michelakis E, Rabinovitch M, Schermuly R, Stenmark KR, Morrell NW. Relevant issues in the pathology and pathobiology of pulmonary hypertension. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2013 Dec 24; 62(25 Suppl):D4-12. PMID: 24355640; PMCID: PMC3970402.
    52. Rogers NM, Yao M, Sembrat J, George MP, Knupp H, Ross M, Sharifi-Sanjani M, Milosevic J, St Croix C, Rajkumar R, Frid MG, Hunter KS, Mazzaro L, Novelli EM, Stenmark KR, Gladwin MT, Ahmad F, Champion HC, Isenberg JS. Cellular, pharmacological, and biophysical evaluation of explanted lungs from a patient with sickle cell disease and severe pulmonary arterial hypertension. Pulm Circ. 2013 Dec; 3(4):936-51. PMID: 25006410; PMCID: PMC4070844.
    53. Colvin KL, Cripe PJ, Ivy DD, Stenmark KR, Yeager ME. Bronchus-associated lymphoid tissue in pulmonary hypertension produces pathologic autoantibodies. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2013 Nov 01; 188(9):1126-36. PMID: 24093638; PMCID: PMC3863738.
    54. Wang D, Zhang H, Li M, Frid MG, Flockton AR, McKeon BA, Yeager ME, Fini MA, Morrell NW, Pullamsetti SS, Velegala S, Seeger W, McKinsey TA, Sucharov CC, Stenmark KR. MicroRNA-124 controls the proliferative, migratory, and inflammatory phenotype of pulmonary vascular fibroblasts. Circ Res. 2014 Jan 03; 114(1):67-78. PMID: 24122720; PMCID: PMC4117588.
    55. Fini MA, Johnson RJ, Stenmark KR, Wright RM. Hypertension, nitrate-nitrite, and xanthine oxidoreductase catalyzed nitric oxide generation: pros and cons. Hypertension. 2013 Sep; 62(3):e9. PMID: 23897071.
      View in: PubMed
    56. Morrell NW, Stenmark KR. The renin-angiotensin system in pulmonary hypertension. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2013 May 15; 187(10):1138-9. PMID: 23675718.
      View in: PubMed
    57. Umapathy SN, Siddaramappa Umapathy N, Kaczmarek E, Fatteh N, Burns N, Lucas R, Stenmark KR, Verin AD, Gerasimovskaya EV. Adenosine A1 receptors promote vasa vasorum endothelial cell barrier integrity via Gi and Akt-dependent actin cytoskeleton remodeling. PLoS One. 2013; 8(4):e59733. PMID: 23613714; PMCID: PMC3628712.
    58. Zhao L, Chen CN, Hajji N, Oliver E, Cotroneo E, Wharton J, Wilkins MR, Wang D, Li M, Stenmark KR, McKinsey TA, Buttrick P. Response to letter regarding article, “histone deacetylation inhibition in pulmonary hypertension: therapeutic potential of valproic acid and suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid”. Circulation. 2013 Apr 09; 127(14):e540. PMID: 23691553.
      View in: PubMed
    59. Li M, Tan Y, Stenmark KR, Tan W. High Pulsatility Flow Induces Acute Endothelial Inflammation through Overpolarizing Cells to Activate NF-?B. Cardiovasc Eng Technol. 2013 Mar; 4(1):26-38. PMID: 23667401.
      View in: PubMed
    60. Bull TM, Stenmark KR. Mechanics and mechanisms of pulmonary hypertension: An introduction to the 55(th) annual Thomas L. Petty Aspen Lung Conference. Pulm Circ. 2013 Jan; 3(1):127. PMID: 23662188; PMCID: PMC3641719.
    61. Morrell NW, Archer SL, Defelice A, Evans S, Fiszman M, Martin T, Saulnier M, Rabinovitch M, Schermuly R, Stewart D, Truebel H, Walker G, Stenmark KR. Anticipated classes of new medications and molecular targets for pulmonary arterial hypertension. Pulm Circ. 2013 Jan; 3(1):226-44. PMID: 23662201; PMCID: PMC3641734.
    62. Adatia I, Haworth SG, Wegner M, Barst RJ, Ivy D, Stenmark KR, Karkowsky A, Rosenzweig E, Aguilar C. Clinical trials in neonates and children: Report of the pulmonary hypertension academic research consortium pediatric advisory committee. Pulm Circ. 2013 Jan; 3(1):252-66. PMID: 23662203; PMCID: PMC3641736.
    63. Nagel MA, Traktinskiy I, Stenmark KR, Frid MG, Choe A, Gilden D. Varicella-zoster virus vasculopathy: immune characteristics of virus-infected arteries. Neurology. 2013 Jan 01; 80(1):62-8. PMID: 23243076; PMCID: PMC3589199.
    64. Stenmark KR, Yeager ME, El Kasmi KC, Nozik-Grayck E, Gerasimovskaya EV, Li M, Riddle SR, Frid MG. The adventitia: essential regulator of vascular wall structure and function. Annu Rev Physiol. 2013; 75:23-47. PMID: 23216413; PMCID: PMC3762248.
    65. Brown RD, Ambler SK, Li M, Sullivan TM, Henry LN, Crossno JT, Long CS, Garrington TP, Stenmark KR. MAP kinase kinase kinase-2 (MEKK2) regulates hypertrophic remodeling of the right ventricle in hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2013 Jan 15; 304(2):H269-81. PMID: 23125215; PMCID: PMC3543664.
    66. Scott D, Tan Y, Shandas R, Stenmark KR, Tan W. High pulsatility flow stimulates smooth muscle cell hypertrophy and contractile protein expression. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2013 Jan 01; 304(1):L70-81. PMID: 23087017; PMCID: PMC3543641.
    67. Clambey ET, McNamee EN, Westrich JA, Glover LE, Campbell EL, Jedlicka P, de Zoeten EF, Cambier JC, Stenmark KR, Colgan SP, Eltzschig HK. Hypoxia-inducible factor-1 alpha-dependent induction of FoxP3 drives regulatory T-cell abundance and function during inflammatory hypoxia of the mucosa. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012 Oct 09; 109(41):E2784-93. PMID: 22988108; PMCID: PMC3478644.
    68. Panzhinskiy E, Zawada WM, Stenmark KR, Das M. Hypoxia induces unique proliferative response in adventitial fibroblasts by activating PDGFß receptor-JNK1 signalling. Cardiovasc Res. 2012 Aug 01; 95(3):356-65. PMID: 22735370; PMCID: PMC3400360.
    69. Buehler PW, Baek JH, Lisk C, Connor I, Sullivan T, Kominsky D, Majka S, Stenmark KR, Nozik-Grayck E, Bonaventura J, Irwin DC. Free hemoglobin induction of pulmonary vascular disease: evidence for an inflammatory mechanism. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2012 Aug 15; 303(4):L312-26. PMID: 22728465; PMCID: PMC3423829.
    70. Zhao L, Chen CN, Hajji N, Oliver E, Cotroneo E, Wharton J, Wang D, Li M, McKinsey TA, Stenmark KR, Wilkins MR. Histone deacetylation inhibition in pulmonary hypertension: therapeutic potential of valproic acid and suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid. Circulation. 2012 Jul 24; 126(4):455-67. PMID: 22711276; PMCID: PMC3799888.
    71. Yeager ME, Colvin KL, Everett AD, Stenmark KR, Ivy DD. Plasma proteomics of differential outcome to long-term therapy in children with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension. Proteomics Clin Appl. 2012 Jun; 6(5-6):257-67. PMID: 22653875; PMCID: PMC3569520.
    72. Anwar A, Li M, Frid MG, Kumar B, Gerasimovskaya EV, Riddle SR, McKeon BA, Thukaram R, Meyrick BO, Fini MA, Stenmark KR. Osteopontin is an endogenous modulator of the constitutively activated phenotype of pulmonary adventitial fibroblasts in hypoxic pulmonary hypertension. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2012 Jul 01; 303(1):L1-L11. PMID: 22582113; PMCID: PMC3426432.
    73. Reusser M, Hunter KS, Lammers SR, Stenmark KR. Validation of a pressure diameter method for determining modulus and strain of collagen engagement for long branches of bovine pulmonary arteries. J Biomech Eng. 2012 May; 134(5):054501. PMID: 22757496.
      View in: PubMed
    74. Yeager ME, Reddy MB, Nguyen CM, Colvin KL, Ivy DD, Stenmark KR. Activation of the unfolded protein response is associated with pulmonary hypertension. Pulm Circ. 2012 Apr-Jun; 2(2):229-40. PMID: 22837864; PMCID: PMC3401877.
    75. Cavasin MA, Demos-Davies K, Horn TR, Walker LA, Lemon DD, Birdsey N, Weiser-Evans MC, Harral J, Irwin DC, Anwar A, Yeager ME, Li M, Watson PA, Nemenoff RA, Buttrick PM, Stenmark KR, McKinsey TA. Selective class I histone deacetylase inhibition suppresses hypoxia-induced cardiopulmonary remodeling through an antiproliferative mechanism. Circ Res. 2012 Mar 02; 110(5):739-48. PMID: 22282194; PMCID: PMC3682822.
    76. Tian L, Lammers SR, Kao PH, Albietz JA, Stenmark KR, Qi HJ, Shandas R, Hunter KS. Impact of residual stretch and remodeling on collagen engagement in healthy and pulmonary hypertensive calf pulmonary arteries at physiological pressures. Ann Biomed Eng. 2012 Jul; 40(7):1419-33. PMID: 22237861; PMCID: PMC3593651.
    77. Lammers S, Scott D, Hunter K, Tan W, Shandas R, Stenmark KR. Mechanics and function of the pulmonary vasculature: implications for pulmonary vascular disease and right ventricular function. Compr Physiol. 2012 Jan; 2(1):295-319. PMID: 23728987.
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    79. Yeager ME, Belchenko DD, Nguyen CM, Colvin KL, Ivy DD, Stenmark KR. Endothelin-1, the unfolded protein response, and persistent inflammation: role of pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2012 Jan; 46(1):14-22. PMID: 21778413; PMCID: PMC3262656.
    80. Carpenter TC, Schroeder W, Stenmark KR, Schmidt EP. Eph-A2 promotes permeability and inflammatory responses to bleomycin-induced lung injury. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2012 Jan; 46(1):40-7. PMID: 21799118; PMCID: PMC3262654.
    81. Stenmark KR, Frid MG, Yeager M, Li M, Riddle S, McKinsey T, El Kasmi KC. Targeting the adventitial microenvironment in pulmonary hypertension: A potential approach to therapy that considers epigenetic change. Pulm Circ. 2012 Jan-Mar; 2(1):3-14. PMID: 22558514; PMCID: PMC3342746.
    82. Hartney T, Birari R, Venkataraman S, Villegas L, Martinez M, Black SM, Stenmark KR, Nozik-Grayck E. Xanthine oxidase-derived ROS upregulate Egr-1 via ERK1/2 in PA smooth muscle cells; model to test impact of extracellular ROS in chronic hypoxia. PLoS One. 2011; 6(11):e27531. PMID: 22140445; PMCID: PMC3225357.
    83. Yeager ME, Nguyen CM, Belchenko DD, Colvin KL, Takatsuki S, Ivy DD, Stenmark KR. Circulating myeloid-derived suppressor cells are increased and activated in pulmonary hypertension. Chest. 2012 Apr; 141(4):944-952. PMID: 21940769; PMCID: PMC3318947.
    84. Yegutkin GG, Helenius M, Kaczmarek E, Burns N, Jalkanen S, Stenmark K, Gerasimovskaya EV. Chronic hypoxia impairs extracellular nucleotide metabolism and barrier function in pulmonary artery vasa vasorum endothelial cells. Angiogenesis. 2011 Dec; 14(4):503-13. PMID: 21922294; PMCID: PMC3940057.
    85. Tian L, Lammers SR, Kao PH, Reusser M, Stenmark KR, Hunter KS, Qi HJ, Shandas R. Linked opening angle and histological and mechanical aspects of the proximal pulmonary arteries of healthy and pulmonary hypertensive rats and calves. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2011 Nov; 301(5):H1810-8. PMID: 21856906; PMCID: PMC3213979.
    86. Li M, Riddle SR, Frid MG, El Kasmi KC, McKinsey TA, Sokol RJ, Strassheim D, Meyrick B, Yeager ME, Flockton AR, McKeon BA, Lemon DD, Horn TR, Anwar A, Barajas C, Stenmark KR. Emergence of fibroblasts with a proinflammatory epigenetically altered phenotype in severe hypoxic pulmonary hypertension. J Immunol. 2011 Sep 01; 187(5):2711-22. PMID: 21813768; PMCID: PMC3159707.
    87. Lammers AE, Adatia I, Cerro MJ, Diaz G, Freudenthal AH, Freudenthal F, Harikrishnan S, Ivy D, Lopes AA, Raj JU, Sandoval J, Stenmark K, Haworth SG. Functional classification of pulmonary hypertension in children: Report from the PVRI pediatric taskforce, Panama 2011. Pulm Circ. 2011 Aug 02; 1(2):280-285. PMID: 21874157.
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    89. Yeager ME, Nguyen CM, Belchenko DD, Colvin KL, Takatsuki S, Ivy DD, Stenmark KR. Circulating fibrocytes are increased in children and young adults with pulmonary hypertension. Eur Respir J. 2012 Jan; 39(1):104-11. PMID: 21700605; PMCID: PMC3319160.
    90. Majka S, Hagen M, Blackwell T, Harral J, Johnson JA, Gendron R, Paradis H, Crona D, Loyd JE, Nozik-Grayck E, Stenmark KR, West J. Physiologic and molecular consequences of endothelial Bmpr2 mutation. Respir Res. 2011 Jun 22; 12:84. PMID: 21696628; PMCID: PMC3141420.
    91. Walker LA, Walker JS, Glazier A, Brown DR, Stenmark KR, Buttrick PM. Biochemical and myofilament responses of the right ventricle to severe pulmonary hypertension. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2011 Sep; 301(3):H832-40. PMID: 21622821; PMCID: PMC3191097.
    92. Kao PH, Lammers SR, Tian L, Hunter K, Stenmark KR, Shandas R, Qi HJ. A microstructurally driven model for pulmonary artery tissue. J Biomech Eng. 2011 May; 133(5):051002. PMID: 21599093; PMCID: PMC3108498.
    93. Majka S, Burnham E, Stenmark KR. Cell-based therapies in pulmonary hypertension: who, what, and when? Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2011 Jul; 301(1):L9-L11. PMID: 21515661; PMCID: PMC3129904.
    94. Roedersheimer M, Nijmeh H, Burns N, Sidiakova AA, Stenmark KR, Gerasimovskaya EV. Complementary effects of extracellular nucleotides and platelet-derived extracts on angiogenesis of vasa vasorum endothelial cells in vitro and subcutaneous Matrigel plugs in vivo. Vasc Cell. 2011 Feb 02; 3(1):4. PMID: 21349161; PMCID: PMC3045351.
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    96. Yeager ME, Frid MG, Stenmark KR. Progenitor cells in pulmonary vascular remodeling. Pulm Circ. 2011 Jan-Mar; 1(1):3-16. PMID: 22034593; PMCID: PMC3198626.
    97. Cerro MJ, Abman S, Diaz G, Freudenthal AH, Freudenthal F, Harikrishnan S, Haworth SG, Ivy D, Lopes AA, Raj JU, Sandoval J, Stenmark K, Adatia I. A consensus approach to the classification of pediatric pulmonary hypertensive vascular disease: Report from the PVRI Pediatric Taskforce, Panama 2011. Pulm Circ. 2011; 1(2):286-298. PMID: 21874158.
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    98. Stenmark KR, Frid MG, Yeager ME. Fibrocytes: potential new therapeutic targets for pulmonary hypertension? Eur Respir J. 2010 Dec; 36(6):1232-5. PMID: 21119201.
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    99. Lyubchenko T, Woodward H, Veo KD, Burns N, Nijmeh H, Liubchenko GA, Stenmark KR, Gerasimovskaya EV. P2Y1 and P2Y13 purinergic receptors mediate Ca2+ signaling and proliferative responses in pulmonary artery vasa vasorum endothelial cells. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2011 Feb; 300(2):C266-75. PMID: 20962269; PMCID: PMC3043637.
    100. Clarke MB, Wright R, Irwin D, Bose S, Van Rheen Z, Birari R, Stenmark KR, McCord JM, Nozik-Grayck E. Sustained lung activity of a novel chimeric protein, SOD2/3, after intratracheal administration. Free Radic Biol Med. 2010 Dec 15; 49(12):2032-9. PMID: 20932897; PMCID: PMC3005855.
    101. Erzurum S, Rounds SI, Stevens T, Aldred M, Aliotta J, Archer SL, Asosingh K, Balaban R, Bauer N, Bhattacharya J, Bogaard H, Choudhary G, Dorn GW, Dweik R, Fagan K, Fallon M, Finkel T, Geraci M, Gladwin MT, Hassoun PM, Humbert M, Kaminski N, Kawut SM, Loscalzo J, McDonald D, McMurtry IF, Newman J, Nicolls M, Rabinovitch M, Shizuru J, Oka M, Polgar P, Rodman D, Schumacker P, Stenmark K, Tuder R, Voelkel N, Sullivan E, Weinshilboum R, Yoder MC, Zhao Y, Gail D, Moore TM. Strategic plan for lung vascular research: An NHLBI-ORDR Workshop Report. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2010 Dec 15; 182(12):1554-62. PMID: 20833821; PMCID: PMC3029941.
    102. Van Rheen Z, Fattman C, Domarski S, Majka S, Klemm D, Stenmark KR, Nozik-Grayck E. Lung extracellular superoxide dismutase overexpression lessens bleomycin-induced pulmonary hypertension and vascular remodeling. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2011 Apr; 44(4):500-8. PMID: 20539010; PMCID: PMC3095923.
    103. Kao PH, Lammers SR, Hunter K, Stenmark KR, Shandas R, Qi HJ. Constitutive Modeling of Anisotropic Finite-Deformation Hyperelastic Behaviors of Soft Materials Reinforced by Tortuous Fibers. Int J Struct Changes Sol. 2010 Apr; 2(1):19-29. PMID: 21822502.
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    104. Stenmark KR, Rabinovitch M. Emerging therapies for the treatment of pulmonary hypertension. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2010 Mar; 11(2 Suppl):S85-90. PMID: 20216170.
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    105. Hunter KS, Albietz JA, Lee PF, Lanning CJ, Lammers SR, Hofmeister SH, Kao PH, Qi HJ, Stenmark KR, Shandas R. In vivo measurement of proximal pulmonary artery elastic modulus in the neonatal calf model of pulmonary hypertension: development and ex vivo validation. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2010 Apr; 108(4):968-75. PMID: 20093662; PMCID: PMC2853208.
    106. Strassheim D, Riddle SR, Burke DL, Geraci MW, Stenmark KR. Prostacyclin inhibits IFN-gamma-stimulated cytokine expression by reduced recruitment of CBP/p300 to STAT1 in a SOCS-1-independent manner. J Immunol. 2009 Dec 01; 183(11):6981-8. PMID: 19915063; PMCID: PMC2783325.
    107. Frid MG, Li M, Gnanasekharan M, Burke DL, Fragoso M, Strassheim D, Sylman JL, Stenmark KR. Sustained hypoxia leads to the emergence of cells with enhanced growth, migratory, and promitogenic potentials within the distal pulmonary artery wall. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2009 Dec; 297(6):L1059-72. PMID: 19767409; PMCID: PMC2793191.
    108. Stenmark KR, Meyrick B, Galie N, Mooi WJ, McMurtry IF. Animal models of pulmonary arterial hypertension: the hope for etiological discovery and pharmacological cure. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2009 Dec; 297(6):L1013-32. PMID: 19748998.
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    109. Woodward HN, Anwar A, Riddle S, Taraseviciene-Stewart L, Fragoso M, Stenmark KR, Gerasimovskaya EV. PI3K, Rho, and ROCK play a key role in hypoxia-induced ATP release and ATP-stimulated angiogenic responses in pulmonary artery vasa vasorum endothelial cells. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2009 Nov; 297(5):L954-64. PMID: 19684203; PMCID: PMC2777489.
    110. Takeda K, Okamoto M, de Langhe S, Dill E, Armstrong M, Reisdorf N, Irwin D, Koster M, Wilder J, Stenmark KR, West J, Klemm D, Gelfand EW, Nozik-Grayck E, Majka SM. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-g agonist treatment increases septation and angiogenesis and decreases airway hyperresponsiveness in a model of experimental neonatal chronic lung disease. Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2009 Jul; 292(7):1045-61. PMID: 19484746; PMCID: PMC2873208.
    111. Hassoun PM, Mouthon L, Barberà JA, Eddahibi S, Flores SC, Grimminger F, Jones PL, Maitland ML, Michelakis ED, Morrell NW, Newman JH, Rabinovitch M, Schermuly R, Stenmark KR, Voelkel NF, Yuan JX, Humbert M. Inflammation, growth factors, and pulmonary vascular remodeling. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2009 Jun 30; 54(1 Suppl):S10-9. PMID: 19555853.
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    112. Li M, Stenmark KR, Shandas R, Tan W. Effects of pathological flow on pulmonary artery endothelial production of vasoactive mediators and growth factors. J Vasc Res. 2009; 46(6):561-71. PMID: 19571576; PMCID: PMC3073484.
    113. Morrell NW, Adnot S, Archer SL, Dupuis J, Jones PL, MacLean MR, McMurtry IF, Stenmark KR, Thistlethwaite PA, Weissmann N, Yuan JX, Weir EK. Cellular and molecular basis of pulmonary arterial hypertension. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2009 Jun 30; 54(1 Suppl):S20-31. PMID: 19555855; PMCID: PMC2790324.
    114. Burke DL, Frid MG, Kunrath CL, Karoor V, Anwar A, Wagner BD, Strassheim D, Stenmark KR. Sustained hypoxia promotes the development of a pulmonary artery-specific chronic inflammatory microenvironment. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2009 Aug; 297(2):L238-50. PMID: 19465514; PMCID: PMC2742800.
    115. Li M, Scott DE, Shandas R, Stenmark KR, Tan W. High pulsatility flow induces adhesion molecule and cytokine mRNA expression in distal pulmonary artery endothelial cells. Ann Biomed Eng. 2009 Jun; 37(6):1082-92. PMID: 19340571; PMCID: PMC3057109.
    116. Majka SM, Skokan M, Wheeler L, Harral J, Gladson S, Burnham E, Loyd JE, Stenmark KR, Varella-Garcia M, West J. Evidence for cell fusion is absent in vascular lesions associated with pulmonary arterial hypertension. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2008 Dec; 295(6):L1028-39. PMID: 18931051; PMCID: PMC2604796.
    117. Stevens T, Phan S, Frid MG, Alvarez D, Herzog E, Stenmark KR. Lung vascular cell heterogeneity: endothelium, smooth muscle, and fibroblasts. Proc Am Thorac Soc. 2008 Sep 15; 5(7):783-91. PMID: 18757318; PMCID: PMC2645266.
    118. Drexler ES, Bischoff JE, Slifka AJ, McCowan CN, Quinn TP, Shandas R, Ivy DD, Stenmark KR. Stiffening of the Extrapulmonary Arteries From Rats in Chronic Hypoxic Pulmonary Hypertension. J Res Natl Inst Stand Technol. 2008 Jul-Aug; 113(4):239-49. PMID: 27096124; PMCID: PMC4651618.
    119. Lammers SR, Kao PH, Qi HJ, Hunter K, Lanning C, Albietz J, Hofmeister S, Mecham R, Stenmark KR, Shandas R. Changes in the structure-function relationship of elastin and its impact on the proximal pulmonary arterial mechanics of hypertensive calves. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2008 Oct; 295(4):H1451-9. PMID: 18660454; PMCID: PMC2593497.
    120. Nozik-Grayck E, Suliman HB, Majka S, Albietz J, Van Rheen Z, Roush K, Stenmark KR. Lung EC-SOD overexpression attenuates hypoxic induction of Egr-1 and chronic hypoxic pulmonary vascular remodeling. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2008 Sep; 295(3):L422-30. PMID: 18599502; PMCID: PMC2536799.
    121. Das M, Burns N, Wilson SJ, Zawada WM, Stenmark KR. Hypoxia exposure induces the emergence of fibroblasts lacking replication repressor signals of PKCzeta in the pulmonary artery adventitia. Cardiovasc Res. 2008 Jun 01; 78(3):440-8. PMID: 18218684.
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    122. Gerasimovskaya EV, Woodward HN, Tucker DA, Stenmark KR. Extracellular ATP is a pro-angiogenic factor for pulmonary artery vasa vasorum endothelial cells. Angiogenesis. 2008; 11(2):169-82. PMID: 18071915; PMCID: PMC2480488.
    123. Arciniegas E, Frid MG, Douglas IS, Stenmark KR. Perspectives on endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition: potential contribution to vascular remodeling in chronic pulmonary hypertension. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2007 Jul; 293(1):L1-8. PMID: 17384082.
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    124. Nozik-Grayck E, Stenmark KR. Role of reactive oxygen species in chronic hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension and vascular remodeling. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2007; 618:101-12. PMID: 18269191.
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    125. Crossno JT, Garat CV, Reusch JE, Morris KG, Dempsey EC, McMurtry IF, Stenmark KR, Klemm DJ. Rosiglitazone attenuates hypoxia-induced pulmonary arterial remodeling. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2007 Apr; 292(4):L885-97. PMID: 17189321.
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    126. Stenmark KR, Fagan KA, Frid MG. Hypoxia-induced pulmonary vascular remodeling: cellular and molecular mechanisms. Circ Res. 2006 Sep 29; 99(7):675-91. PMID: 17008597.
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    127. Davie NJ, Gerasimovskaya EV, Hofmeister SE, Richman AP, Jones PL, Reeves JT, Stenmark KR. Pulmonary artery adventitial fibroblasts cooperate with vasa vasorum endothelial cells to regulate vasa vasorum neovascularization: a process mediated by hypoxia and endothelin-1. Am J Pathol. 2006 Jun; 168(6):1793-807. PMID: 16723696; PMCID: PMC1606613.
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    129. Wenzlau JM, Garl PJ, Simpson P, Stenmark KR, West J, Artinger KB, Nemenoff RA, Weiser-Evans MC. Embryonic growth-associated protein is one subunit of a novel N-terminal acetyltransferase complex essential for embryonic vascular development. Circ Res. 2006 Mar 31; 98(6):846-55. PMID: 16484612.
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    130. Short MD, Fox SM, Lam CF, Stenmark KR, Das M. Protein kinase Czeta attenuates hypoxia-induced proliferation of fibroblasts by regulating MAP kinase phosphatase-1 expression. Mol Biol Cell. 2006 Apr; 17(4):1995-2008. PMID: 16467381; PMCID: PMC1415328.
    131. Frid MG, Brunetti JA, Burke DL, Carpenter TC, Davie NJ, Reeves JT, Roedersheimer MT, van Rooijen N, Stenmark KR. Hypoxia-induced pulmonary vascular remodeling requires recruitment of circulating mesenchymal precursors of a monocyte/macrophage lineage. Am J Pathol. 2006 Feb; 168(2):659-69. PMID: 16436679; PMCID: PMC1606508.
    132. Short M, Fox S, Stenmark KR, Das M. Hypoxia-induced alterations in protein kinase C zeta signaling result in augmented fibroblast proliferation. Chest. 2005 Dec; 128(6 Suppl):582S. PMID: 16373847.
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    133. Frid MG, Brunetti JA, Burke DL, Carpenter TC, Davie NJ, Stenmark KR. Circulating mononuclear cells with a dual, macrophage-fibroblast phenotype contribute robustly to hypoxia-induced pulmonary adventitial remodeling. Chest. 2005 Dec; 128(6 Suppl):583S-584S. PMID: 16373848.
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    134. Gerasimovskaya EV, Davie NJ, Ahmad S, Tucker DA, White CW, Stenmark KR. Extracellular adenosine triphosphate: a potential regulator of vasa vasorum neovascularization in hypoxia-induced pulmonary vascular remodeling. Chest. 2005 Dec; 128(6 Suppl):608S-610S. PMID: 16373860.
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    135. Narkewicz MR, Kasaragod A, Lucia MS, Pflummer S, Sokol RJ, Stenmark KR. Connective tissue growth factor expression is increased in biliary epithelial cells in biliary atresia. J Pediatr Surg. 2005 Nov; 40(11):1721-5. PMID: 16291159.
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    136. Stenmark KR, Balasubramaniam V. Angiogenic therapy for bronchopulmonary dysplasia: rationale and promise. Circulation. 2005 Oct 18; 112(16):2383-5. PMID: 16230495.
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    137. Carpenter TC, Schomberg S, Stenmark KR. Endothelin-mediated increases in lung VEGF content promote vascular leak in young rats exposed to viral infection and hypoxia. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2005 Dec; 289(6):L1075-82. PMID: 16040626.
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    138. Stenmark KR, McMurtry IF. Vascular remodeling versus vasoconstriction in chronic hypoxic pulmonary hypertension: a time for reappraisal? Circ Res. 2005 Jul 22; 97(2):95-8. PMID: 16037575.
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    139. Reeves JT, Linehan JH, Stenmark KR. Distensibility of the normal human lung circulation during exercise. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2005 Mar; 288(3):L419-25. PMID: 15695542.
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    141. Stenmark KR, Abman SH. Lung vascular development: implications for the pathogenesis of bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Annu Rev Physiol. 2005; 67:623-61. PMID: 15709973.
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    142. Gerasimovskaya EV, Tucker DA, Weiser-Evans M, Wenzlau JM, Klemm DJ, Banks M, Stenmark KR. Extracellular ATP-induced proliferation of adventitial fibroblasts requires phosphoinositide 3-kinase, Akt, mammalian target of rapamycin, and p70 S6 kinase signaling pathways. J Biol Chem. 2005 Jan 21; 280(3):1838-48. PMID: 15522879.
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    143. Gerasimovskaya EV, Tucker DA, Stenmark KR. Activation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase, Akt, and mammalian target of rapamycin is necessary for hypoxia-induced pulmonary artery adventitial fibroblast proliferation. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2005 Feb; 98(2):722-31. PMID: 15501927.
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    144. Banks MF, Gerasimovskaya EV, Tucker DA, Frid MG, Carpenter TC, Stenmark KR. Egr-1 antisense oligonucleotides inhibit hypoxia-induced proliferation of pulmonary artery adventitial fibroblasts. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2005 Feb; 98(2):732-8. PMID: 15475598.
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    145. Humbert M, Morrell NW, Archer SL, Stenmark KR, MacLean MR, Lang IM, Christman BW, Weir EK, Eickelberg O, Voelkel NF, Rabinovitch M. Cellular and molecular pathobiology of pulmonary arterial hypertension. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2004 Jun 16; 43(12 Suppl S):13S-24S. PMID: 15194174.
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    146. Bemis L, Chan DA, Finkielstein CV, Qi L, Sutphin PD, Chen X, Stenmark K, Giaccia AJ, Zundel W. Distinct aerobic and hypoxic mechanisms of HIF-alpha regulation by CSN5. Genes Dev. 2004 Apr 01; 18(7):739-44. PMID: 15082527; PMCID: PMC387414.
    147. Mourani PM, Garl PJ, Wenzlau JM, Carpenter TC, Stenmark KR, Weiser-Evans MC. Unique, highly proliferative growth phenotype expressed by embryonic and neointimal smooth muscle cells is driven by constitutive Akt, mTOR, and p70S6K signaling and is actively repressed by PTEN. Circulation. 2004 Mar 16; 109(10):1299-306. PMID: 14993145.
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    148. Carpenter TC, Stenmark KR. Predisposition of infants with chronic lung disease to respiratory syncytial virus-induced respiratory failure: a vascular hypothesis. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2004 Jan; 23(1 Suppl):S33-40. PMID: 14730268.
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    149. Frid MG, Aldashev AA, Crossno JT, Jorgensen JM, Kale VA, Stenmark KR. Yin and Yang of an endothelial cell: from normal to the extreme in growth, secretion, and transdifferentiation capabilities. Paediatr Respir Rev. 2004; 5 Suppl A:S253-7. PMID: 14980281.
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    150. Short M, Nemenoff RA, Zawada WM, Stenmark KR, Das M. Hypoxia induces differentiation of pulmonary artery adventitial fibroblasts into myofibroblasts. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2004 Feb; 286(2):C416-25. PMID: 14561589.
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    151. Carpenter T, Schomberg S, Steudel W, Ozimek J, Colvin K, Stenmark K, Ivy DD. Endothelin B receptor deficiency predisposes to pulmonary edema formation via increased lung vascular endothelial cell growth factor expression. Circ Res. 2003 Sep 05; 93(5):456-63. PMID: 12919946.
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    152. Stiebellehner L, Frid MG, Reeves JT, Low RB, Gnanasekharan M, Stenmark KR. Bovine distal pulmonary arterial media is composed of a uniform population of well-differentiated smooth muscle cells with low proliferative capabilities. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2003 Oct; 285(4):L819-28. PMID: 12857671.
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    153. Davie NJ, Crossno JT, Frid MG, Hofmeister SE, Reeves JT, Hyde DM, Carpenter TC, Brunetti JA, McNiece IK, Stenmark KR. Hypoxia-induced pulmonary artery adventitial remodeling and neovascularization: contribution of progenitor cells. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2004 Apr; 286(4):L668-78. PMID: 12754186.
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    154. Tock J, Van Putten V, Stenmark KR, Nemenoff RA. Induction of SM-alpha-actin expression by mechanical strain in adult vascular smooth muscle cells is mediated through activation of JNK and p38 MAP kinase. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2003 Feb 21; 301(4):1116-21. PMID: 12589828.
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    155. Stenmark KR, Gebb SA. Lung vascular development: breathing new life into an old problem. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2003 Feb; 28(2):133-7. PMID: 12540479.
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    156. Ahmad S, Ahmad A, Gerasimovskaya E, Stenmark KR, Allen CB, White CW. Hypoxia protects human lung microvascular endothelial and epithelial-like cells against oxygen toxicity: role of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2003 Feb; 28(2):179-87. PMID: 12540485.
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    157. Walker HA, Whitelock JM, Garl PJ, Nemenoff RA, Stenmark KR, Weiser-Evans MC. Perlecan up-regulation of FRNK suppresses smooth muscle cell proliferation via inhibition of FAK signaling. Mol Biol Cell. 2003 May; 14(5):1941-52. PMID: 12802066; PMCID: PMC165088.
    158. Stenmark KR, Gerasimovskaya E, Nemenoff RA, Das M. Hypoxic activation of adventitial fibroblasts: role in vascular remodeling. Chest. 2002 Dec; 122(6 Suppl):326S-334S. PMID: 12475810.
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    159. Gerasimovskaya EV, Ahmad S, White CW, Jones PL, Carpenter TC, Stenmark KR. Extracellular ATP is an autocrine/paracrine regulator of hypoxia-induced adventitial fibroblast growth. Signaling through extracellular signal-regulated kinase-1/2 and the Egr-1 transcription factor. J Biol Chem. 2002 Nov 22; 277(47):44638-50. PMID: 12244041.
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    160. Carpenter TC, Schomberg S, Nichols C, Stenmark KR, Weil JV. Hypoxia reversibly inhibits epithelial sodium transport but does not inhibit lung ENaC or Na-K-ATPase expression. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2003 Jan; 284(1):L77-83. PMID: 12388331.
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    161. Frid MG, Kale VA, Stenmark KR. Mature vascular endothelium can give rise to smooth muscle cells via endothelial-mesenchymal transdifferentiation: in vitro analysis. Circ Res. 2002 Jun 14; 90(11):1189-96. PMID: 12065322.
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    162. Das M, Dempsey EC, Reeves JT, Stenmark KR. Selective expansion of fibroblast subpopulations from pulmonary artery adventitia in response to hypoxia. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2002 May; 282(5):L976-86. PMID: 11943662.
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    163. Stenmark KR. Cell-, age-, and phenotype-dependent differences in the control of gene expression. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2001 Oct; 281(4):L762-5. PMID: 11557579.
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    164. Carpenter TC, Stenmark KR. Hypoxia decreases lung neprilysin expression and increases pulmonary vascular leak. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2001 Oct; 281(4):L941-8. PMID: 11557598.
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    165. Klemm DJ, Watson PA, Frid MG, Dempsey EC, Schaack J, Colton LA, Nesterova A, Stenmark KR, Reusch JE. cAMP response element-binding protein content is a molecular determinant of smooth muscle cell proliferation and migration. J Biol Chem. 2001 Dec 07; 276(49):46132-41. PMID: 11560924.
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    166. Das M, Bouchey DM, Moore MJ, Hopkins DC, Nemenoff RA, Stenmark KR. Hypoxia-induced proliferative response of vascular adventitial fibroblasts is dependent on g protein-mediated activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases. J Biol Chem. 2001 May 11; 276(19):15631-40. PMID: 11278727.
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    167. Kasaragod AB, Lucia MS, Cabirac G, Grotendorst GR, Stenmark KR. Connective tissue growth factor expression in pediatric myofibroblastic tumors. Pediatr Dev Pathol. 2001 Jan-Feb; 4(1):37-45. PMID: 11200489.
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    168. Stenmark KR. New hope for the treatment of pulmonary hypertension: novel approaches to a complex disease. Pediatr Res. 2000 Oct; 48(4):421. PMID: 11004229.
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    169. Weiser-Evans MC, Schwartz PE, Grieshaber NA, Quinn BE, Grieshaber SS, Belknap JK, Mourani PM, Majack RA, Stenmark KR. Novel embryonic genes are preferentially expressed by autonomously replicating rat embryonic and neointimal smooth muscle cells. Circ Res. 2000 Sep 29; 87(7):608-15. PMID: 11009567.
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    170. Lemler MS, Bies RD, Frid MG, Sastravaha A, Zisman LS, Bohlmeyer T, Gerdes AM, Reeves JT, Stenmark KR. Myocyte cytoskeletal disorganization and right heart failure in hypoxia-induced neonatal pulmonary hypertension. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2000 Sep; 279(3):H1365-76. PMID: 10993804.
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    171. Carpenter TC, Stenmark KR. Endothelin receptor blockade decreases lung water in young rats exposed to viral infection and hypoxia. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2000 Sep; 279(3):L547-54. PMID: 10956630.
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    172. Weiser-Evans MC, Quinn BE, Burkard MR, Stenmark KR. Transient reexpression of an embryonic autonomous growth phenotype by adult carotid artery smooth muscle cells after vascular injury. J Cell Physiol. 2000 Jan; 182(1):12-23. PMID: 10567912.
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    173. Stenmark KR, Bouchey D, Nemenoff R, Dempsey EC, Das M. Hypoxia-induced pulmonary vascular remodeling: contribution of the adventitial fibroblasts. Physiol Res. 2000; 49(5):503-17. PMID: 11191356.
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    174. Das M, Dempsey EC, Bouchey D, Reyland ME, Stenmark KR. Chronic hypoxia induces exaggerated growth responses in pulmonary artery adventitial fibroblasts: potential contribution of specific protein kinase c isozymes. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2000 Jan; 22(1):15-25. PMID: 10615061.
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    175. Frid MG, Aldashev AA, Nemenoff RA, Higashito R, Westcott JY, Stenmark KR. Subendothelial cells from normal bovine arteries exhibit autonomous growth and constitutively activated intracellular signaling. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 1999 Dec; 19(12):2884-93. PMID: 10591665.
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    176. Durmowicz AG, Stenmark KR. Mechanisms of structural remodeling in chronic pulmonary hypertension. Pediatr Rev. 1999 Nov; 20(11):e91-e102. PMID: 10551895.
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    177. Simoes EA, Hayward AR, Ponnuraj EM, Straumanis JP, Stenmark KR, Wilson HL, Babu PG. Respiratory syncytial virus infects the Bonnet monkey, Macaca radiata. Pediatr Dev Pathol. 1999 Jul-Aug; 2(4):316-26. PMID: 10347274.
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    178. Guldemeester A, Stenmark KR, Brough GH, Stevens T. Mechanisms regulating cAMP-mediated growth of bovine neonatal pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells. Am J Physiol. 1999 Jun; 276(6 Pt 1):L1010-7. PMID: 10362726.
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    179. Kasaragod AB, Lucia MS, Lum GM, Caldwell S, Stork L, Stenmark KR. Solitary renal myofibromatosis: an unusual cause of infantile hypertension. Pediatrics. 1999 May; 103(5):e66. PMID: 10224210.
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    180. Higenbottam T, Stenmark K, Simonneau G. Treatments for severe pulmonary hypertension. Lancet. 1999 Jan 30; 353(9150):338-40. PMID: 9950432.
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    181. Belknap JK, Weiser-Evans MC, Grieshaber SS, Majack RA, Stenmark KR. Relationship between perlecan and tropoelastin gene expression and cell replication in the developing rat pulmonary vasculature. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 1999 Jan; 20(1):24-34. PMID: 9870914.
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    182. Stenmark KR, Frid M, Nemenoff R, Dempsey EC, Das M. Hypoxia induces cell-specific changes in gene expression in vascular wall cells: implications for pulmonary hypertension. Adv Exp Med Biol. 1999; 474:231-58. PMID: 10635005.
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    183. Yu AY, Frid MG, Shimoda LA, Wiener CM, Stenmark K, Semenza GL. Temporal, spatial, and oxygen-regulated expression of hypoxia-inducible factor-1 in the lung. Am J Physiol. 1998 Oct; 275(4 Pt 1):L818-26. PMID: 9755115.
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    184. Stiebellehner L, Belknap JK, Ensley B, Tucker A, Orton EC, Reeves JT, Stenmark KR. Lung endothelial cell proliferation in normal and pulmonary hypertensive neonatal calves. Am J Physiol. 1998 Sep; 275(3 Pt 1):L593-600. PMID: 9728055.
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    185. Dempsey EC, Das M, Frid MG, Xu Y, Stenmark KR. Hypoxic growth of bovine pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells: dependence on synergy, heterogeneity, and injury-induced phenotypic change. Chest. 1998 Jul; 114(1 Suppl):29S-30S. PMID: 9676612.
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    186. Guldemeester HA, Stenmark KR, Brough G, Tuder RM, Stevens T. Role of adenylyl cyclase in proliferation of neonatal pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells. Chest. 1998 Jul; 114(1 Suppl):38S-39S. PMID: 9676620.
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    187. Das M, Stenmark KR, Ruff LJ, Dempsey EC. The Ca2+-dependent isozymes of protein kinase C are uniquely important in the enhanced growth of immature adventitial fibroblasts isolated from the bovine pulmonary arterial wall at a time of heightened susceptibility to vascular injury. Chest. 1998 Jul; 114(1 Suppl):68S-69S. PMID: 9676640.
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    188. Frid MG, Aldashev AA, Cabirac GF, Dempsey EC, Stenmark KR. Hypoxia stimulates proliferation of a unique cell population isolated from the bovine vascular media. Chest. 1998 Jul; 114(1 Suppl):28S-29S. PMID: 9676611.
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    189. Stenmark KR, Frid MG. Smooth muscle cell heterogeneity: role of specific smooth muscle cell subpopulations in pulmonary vascular disease. Chest. 1998 Jul; 114(1 Suppl):82S-90S. PMID: 9676647.
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    190. Frid MG, Aldashev AA, Dempsey EC, Stenmark KR. Smooth muscle cells isolated from discrete compartments of the mature vascular media exhibit unique phenotypes and distinct growth capabilities. Circ Res. 1997 Dec; 81(6):940-52. PMID: 9400374.
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    191. Das M, Stenmark KR, Ruff LJ, Dempsey EC. Selected isozymes of PKC contribute to augmented growth of fetal and neonatal bovine PA adventitial fibroblasts. Am J Physiol. 1997 Dec; 273(6 Pt 1):L1276-84. PMID: 9435584.
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    192. Xu Y, Stenmark KR, Das M, Walchak SJ, Ruff LJ, Dempsey EC. Pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells from chronically hypoxic neonatal calves retain fetal-like and acquire new growth properties. Am J Physiol. 1997 Jul; 273(1 Pt 1):L234-45. PMID: 9252561.
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    193. Frid MG, Dempsey EC, Durmowicz AG, Stenmark KR. Smooth muscle cell heterogeneity in pulmonary and systemic vessels. Importance in vascular disease. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 1997 Jul; 17(7):1203-9. PMID: 9261247.
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    194. Dempsey EC, Frid MG, Aldashev AA, Das M, Stenmark KR. Heterogeneity in the proliferative response of bovine pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells to mitogens and hypoxia: importance of protein kinase C. Can J Physiol Pharmacol. 1997 Jul; 75(7):936-44. PMID: 9315363.
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    195. Morrell NW, Danilov SM, Satyan KB, Morris KG, Stenmark KR. Right ventricular angiotensin converting enzyme activity and expression is increased during hypoxic pulmonary hypertension. Cardiovasc Res. 1997 May; 34(2):393-403. PMID: 9205554.
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    196. Belknap JK, Orton EC, Ensley B, Tucker A, Stenmark KR. Hypoxia increases bromodeoxyuridine labeling indices in bovine neonatal pulmonary arteries. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 1997 Apr; 16(4):366-71. PMID: 9115746.
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    197. Carpenter TC, Stenmark KR. High-dose epinephrine is not superior to standard-dose epinephrine in pediatric in-hospital cardiopulmonary arrest. Pediatrics. 1997 Mar; 99(3):403-8. PMID: 9041296.
      View in: PubMed
    198. Stenmark KR, Mecham RP. Cellular and molecular mechanisms of pulmonary vascular remodeling. Annu Rev Physiol. 1997; 59:89-144. PMID: 9074758.
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    199. Morrell NW, Grieshaber SS, Danilov SM, Majack RA, Stenmark KR. Developmental regulation of angiotensin converting enzyme and angiotensin type 1 receptor in the rat pulmonary circulation. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 1996 Jun; 14(6):526-37. PMID: 8652181.
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    200. Durmowicz AG, Frid MG, Wohrley JD, Stenmark KR. Expression and localization of tropoelastin mRNA in the developing bovine pulmonary artery is dependent on vascular cell phenotype. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 1996 Jun; 14(6):569-76. PMID: 8652185.
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    201. Durmowicz AG, Stenmark KR. Alterations in extracellular matrix protein expression in neonatal pulmonary hypertension: implications for vascular function. J Perinatol. 1996 Mar-Apr; 16(2 Pt 2 Su):S11-8. PMID: 8732543.
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    202. Dempsey EC, Das M, Frid MG, Stenmark KR. Unique growth properties of neonatal pulmonary vascular cells: importance of time- and site-specific responses, cell-cell interaction, and synergy. J Perinatol. 1996 Mar-Apr; 16(2 Pt 2 Su):S2-11. PMID: 8732542.
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    203. Gray AJ, Park PW, Broekelmann TJ, Laurent GJ, Reeves JT, Stenmark KR, Mecham RP. The mitogenic effects of the B beta chain of fibrinogen are mediated through cell surface calreticulin. J Biol Chem. 1995 Nov 03; 270(44):26602-6. PMID: 7592883.
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    204. Das M, Stenmark KR, Dempsey EC. Enhanced growth of fetal and neonatal pulmonary artery adventitial fibroblasts is dependent on protein kinase C. Am J Physiol. 1995 Nov; 269(5 Pt 1):L660-7. PMID: 7491986.
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    205. Morrell NW, Morris KG, Stenmark KR. Role of angiotensin-converting enzyme and angiotensin II in development of hypoxic pulmonary hypertension. Am J Physiol. 1995 Oct; 269(4 Pt 2):H1186-94. PMID: 7485548.
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    206. Morrell NW, Atochina EN, Morris KG, Danilov SM, Stenmark KR. Angiotensin converting enzyme expression is increased in small pulmonary arteries of rats with hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension. J Clin Invest. 1995 Oct; 96(4):1823-33. PMID: 7560074; PMCID: PMC185819.
    207. Wohrley JD, Frid MG, Moiseeva EP, Orton EC, Belknap JK, Stenmark KR. Hypoxia selectively induces proliferation in a specific subpopulation of smooth muscle cells in the bovine neonatal pulmonary arterial media. J Clin Invest. 1995 Jul; 96(1):273-81. PMID: 7615796; PMCID: PMC185198.
    208. Morin FC, Stenmark KR. Persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1995 Jun; 151(6):2010-32. PMID: 7767553.
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    209. Durmowicz AG, Parks WC, Hyde DM, Mecham RP, Stenmark KR. Persistence, re-expression, and induction of pulmonary arterial fibronectin, tropoelastin, and type I procollagen mRNA expression in neonatal hypoxic pulmonary hypertension. Am J Pathol. 1994 Dec; 145(6):1411-20. PMID: 7992844; PMCID: PMC1887497.
    210. Frid MG, Moiseeva EP, Stenmark KR. Multiple phenotypically distinct smooth muscle cell populations exist in the adult and developing bovine pulmonary arterial media in vivo. Circ Res. 1994 Oct; 75(4):669-81. PMID: 7923613.
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    211. Dempsey EC, Badesch DB, Dobyns EL, Stenmark KR. Enhanced growth capacity of neonatal pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells in vitro: dependence on cell size, time from birth, insulin-like growth factor I, and auto-activation of protein kinase C. J Cell Physiol. 1994 Sep; 160(3):469-81. PMID: 8077285.
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    212. Dobyns EL, Wescott JY, Kennaugh JM, Ross MN, Stenmark KR. Eicosanoids decrease with successful extracorporeal membrane oxygenation therapy in neonatal pulmonary hypertension. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1994 Apr; 149(4 Pt 1):873-80. PMID: 8143049.
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    213. Stenmark KR, Durmowicz AG, Roby JD, Mecham RP, Parks WC. Persistence of the fetal pattern of tropoelastin gene expression in severe neonatal bovine pulmonary hypertension. J Clin Invest. 1994 Mar; 93(3):1234-42. PMID: 8132763; PMCID: PMC294075.
    214. Durmowicz AG, Orton EC, Stenmark KR. Progressive loss of vasodilator responsive component of pulmonary hypertension in neonatal calves exposed to 4,570 m. Am J Physiol. 1993 Dec; 265(6 Pt 2):H2175-83. PMID: 8285257.
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    215. Durmowicz AG, Hofmeister S, Kadyraliev TK, Aldashev AA, Stenmark KR. Functional and structural adaptation of the yak pulmonary circulation to residence at high altitude. J Appl Physiol (1985). 1993 May; 74(5):2276-85. PMID: 8335557.
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    216. Orton EC, LaRue SM, Ensley B, Stenmark K. Bromodeoxyuridine labeling and DNA content of pulmonary arterial medial cells from hypoxia-exposed and nonexposed healthy calves. Am J Vet Res. 1992 Oct; 53(10):1925-30. PMID: 1456542.
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    217. Zuckerman BD, Orton EC, Latham LP, Barbiere CC, Stenmark KR, Reeves JT. Pulmonary vascular impedance and wave reflections in the hypoxic calf. J Appl Physiol (1985). 1992 Jun; 72(6):2118-27. PMID: 1629064.
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    218. Botney MD, Parks WC, Crouch EC, Stenmark K, Mecham RP. Transforming growth factor-beta 1 is decreased in remodeling hypertensive bovine pulmonary arteries. J Clin Invest. 1992 May; 89(5):1629-35. PMID: 1569202; PMCID: PMC443039.
    219. Abman SH, Stenmark KR. Changes in lung eicosanoid content during normal and abnormal transition in perinatal lambs. Am J Physiol. 1992 Feb; 262(2 Pt 1):L214-22. PMID: 1539677.
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    220. Perkett EA, Badesch DB, Roessler MK, Stenmark KR, Meyrick B. Insulin-like growth factor I and pulmonary hypertension induced by continuous air embolization in sheep. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 1992 Jan; 6(1):82-7. PMID: 1728299.
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    221. Durmowicz AG, Badesch DB, Parks WC, Mecham RP, Stenmark KR. Hypoxia-induced inhibition of tropoelastin synthesis by neonatal calf pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 1991 Nov; 5(5):464-9. PMID: 1718337.
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    222. Stenmark KR, Aldashev AA, Orton EC, Durmowicz AG, Badesch DB, Parks WC, Mecham RP, Voelkel NF, Reeves JT. Cellular adaptation during chronic neonatal hypoxic pulmonary hypertension. Am J Physiol. 1991 Oct; 261(4 Suppl):97-104. PMID: 1928459.
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    223. Botney M, Parks W, Stenmark K, Mecham R. Determination of transforming growth factor-beta mRNA levels in pulmonary arteries from normal and hypoxic calves. Chest. 1991 Mar; 99(3 Suppl):42S. PMID: 1997268.
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    224. Mecham RP, Stenmark KR, Parks WC. Connective tissue production by vascular smooth muscle in development and disease. Chest. 1991 Mar; 99(3 Suppl):43S-47S. PMID: 1997269.
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    225. Zuckerman BD, Orton EC, Stenmark KR, Trapp JA, Murphy JR, Coffeen PR, Reeves JT. Alteration of the pulsatile load in the high-altitude calf model of pulmonary hypertension. J Appl Physiol (1985). 1991 Feb; 70(2):859-68. PMID: 2022578.
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    226. Inscore SC, Stenmark KR, Orton C, Irvin CG. Neonatal calves develop airflow limitation due to chronic hypobaric hypoxia. J Appl Physiol (1985). 1991 Jan; 70(1):384-90. PMID: 2010397.
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    227. Dempsey EC, Stenmark KR, McMurtry IF, O'Brien RF, Voelkel NF, Badesch DB. Insulin-like growth factor I and protein kinase C activation stimulate pulmonary artery smooth muscle cell proliferation through separate but synergistic pathways. J Cell Physiol. 1990 Jul; 144(1):159-65. PMID: 2365741.
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    228. Durmowicz AG, St Cyr JA, Clarke DR, Stenmark KR. Unilateral pulmonary hypertension as a result of chronic high flow to one lung. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1990 Jul; 142(1):230-3. PMID: 1695072.
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    229. Graham LM, Vasil A, Vasil ML, Voelkel NF, Stenmark KR. Decreased pulmonary vasoreactivity in an animal model of chronic Pseudomonas pneumonia. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1990 Jul; 142(1):221-9. PMID: 2368972.
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    230. Cassin S, Stenmark KR, Gause G, Zapp LM, Kuck H, Westcott JY. Leukotrienes and prostaglandins in fetal lung liquid. J Appl Physiol (1985). 1990 May; 68(5):2214-22. PMID: 2361926.
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    231. Bakerman PR, Stenmark KR, Fisher JH. Alpha-skeletal actin messenger RNA increases in acute right ventricular hypertrophy. Am J Physiol. 1990 Apr; 258(4 Pt 1):L173-8. PMID: 2139762.
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    232. Prosser IW, Stenmark KR, Suthar M, Crouch EC, Mecham RP, Parks WC. Regional heterogeneity of elastin and collagen gene expression in intralobar arteries in response to hypoxic pulmonary hypertension as demonstrated by in situ hybridization. Am J Pathol. 1989 Dec; 135(6):1073-88. PMID: 2596571; PMCID: PMC1880484.
    233. Badesch DB, Orton EC, Zapp LM, Westcott JY, Hester J, Voelkel NF, Stenmark KR. Decreased arterial wall prostaglandin production in neonatal calves with severe chronic pulmonary hypertension. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 1989 Dec; 1(6):489-98. PMID: 2517777.
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    234. Parks WC, Mecham RP, Crouch EC, Orton EC, Stenmark KR. Response of lobar vessels to hypoxic pulmonary hypertension. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1989 Nov; 140(5):1455-7. PMID: 2817612.
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    235. Crouch EC, Parks WC, Rosenbaum JL, Chang D, Whitehouse L, Wu LJ, Stenmark KR, Orton EC, Mecham RP. Regulation of collagen production by medial smooth muscle cells in hypoxic pulmonary hypertension. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1989 Oct; 140(4):1045-51. PMID: 2478055.
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    236. Badesch DB, Lee PD, Parks WC, Stenmark KR. Insulin-like growth factor I stimulates elastin synthesis by bovine pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1989 Apr 14; 160(1):382-7. PMID: 2653320.
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    237. Voelkel NF, Stenmark KR, Westcott JY, Chang SW. Lung eicosanoid metabolism. Clin Chest Med. 1989 Mar; 10(1):95-105. PMID: 2650967.
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    238. Orton EC, Reeves JT, Stenmark KR. Pulmonary vasodilation with structurally altered pulmonary vessels and pulmonary hypertension. J Appl Physiol (1985). 1988 Dec; 65(6):2459-67. PMID: 3063708.
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    239. Stenmark KR, Orton EC, Reeves JT, Voelkel NF, Crouch EC, Parks WC, Mecham RP. Vascular remodeling in neonatal pulmonary hypertension. Role of the smooth muscle cell. Chest. 1988 Mar; 93(3 Suppl):127S-133S. PMID: 3342691.
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    240. Fan LL, Strain JD, Foley C, Bailey WC, Stenmark KR, Young LW. Radiological case of the month. Giant pulmonary cyst simulating pneumothorax. Am J Dis Child. 1988 Feb; 142(2):189-90. PMID: 3341323.
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    241. Westcott JY, Murphy RC, Stenmark K. Eicosanoids in human ventricular cerebrospinal fluid following severe brain injury. Prostaglandins. 1987 Dec; 34(6):877-87. PMID: 2835791.
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    242. Stenmark KR, Eyzaguirre M, Westcott JY, Henson PM, Murphy RC. Potential role of eicosanoids and PAF in the pathophysiology of bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1987 Sep; 136(3):770-2. PMID: 3631747.
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    243. Mecham RP, Whitehouse LA, Wrenn DS, Parks WC, Griffin GL, Senior RM, Crouch EC, Stenmark KR, Voelkel NF. Smooth muscle-mediated connective tissue remodeling in pulmonary hypertension. Science. 1987 Jul 24; 237(4813):423-6. PMID: 3603030.
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    244. Fasules JW, Stenmark KR, Henson PM, Voelkel NF, Reeves JT. Neither anticoagulant nor nonanticoagulant heparin affects monocrotaline lung injury. J Appl Physiol (1985). 1987 Feb; 62(2):816-20. PMID: 3104299.
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    245. Stenmark KR, Fasules J, Hyde DM, Voelkel NF, Henson J, Tucker A, Wilson H, Reeves JT. Severe pulmonary hypertension and arterial adventitial changes in newborn calves at 4,300 m. J Appl Physiol (1985). 1987 Feb; 62(2):821-30. PMID: 3558241.
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    246. Burghuber OC, Morganroth ML, Stenmark KR, Morris KG, Reeves JT, Voelkel NF. [Inhibition of hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction by leukotriene blockade]. Wien Klin Wochenschr. 1986 Feb 21; 98(4):113-7. PMID: 3705592.
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    247. Westcott JY, Stenmark KR, Murphy RC. Analysis of leukotriene B4 in human lung lavage by HPLC and mass spectrometry. Prostaglandins. 1986 Feb; 31(2):227-37. PMID: 3008216.
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    248. Wescott JY, Balazy M, Stenmark KR, Murphy RC. Analysis of leukotriene D4 in human lung lavage by HPLC, RIA and mass spectrometry. Adv Prostaglandin Thromboxane Leukot Res. 1986; 16:353-61. PMID: 2949560.
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    249. Stenmark KR, Morganroth ML, Remigio LK, Voelkel NF, Murphy RC, Henson PM, Mathias MM, Reeves JT. Alveolar inflammation and arachidonate metabolism in monocrotaline-induced pulmonary hypertension. Am J Physiol. 1985 Jun; 248(6 Pt 2):H859-66. PMID: 3923843.
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    250. Morganroth ML, Stenmark KR, Morris KG, Murphy RC, Mathias M, Reeves JT, Voelkel NF. Diethylcarbamazine inhibits acute and chronic hypoxic pulmonary hypertension in awake rats. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1985 Apr; 131(4):488-92. PMID: 3994144.
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    251. Morganroth ML, Stenmark KR, Zirrolli JA, Mauldin R, Mathias M, Reeves JT, Murphy RC, Voelkel NF. Leukotriene C4 production during hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction in isolated rat lungs. Prostaglandins. 1984 Dec; 28(6):867-75. PMID: 6522621.
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    252. Voelkel NF, Stenmark KR, Reeves JT, Mathias MM, Murphy RC. Actions of lipoxygenase metabolites in isolated rat lungs. J Appl Physiol Respir Environ Exerc Physiol. 1984 Sep; 57(3):860-7. PMID: 6436213.
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    253. Sugita T, Stenmark KR, Wagner WW, Henson PM, Henson JE, Hyers TM, Reeves JT. Abnormal alveolar cells in monocrotaline induced pulmonary hypertension. Exp Lung Res. 1983 Nov; 5(3):201-15. PMID: 6418536.
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    254. Stenmark KR, James SL, Voelkel NF, Toews WH, Reeves JT, Murphy RC. Leukotriene C4 and D4 in neonates with hypoxemia and pulmonary hypertension. N Engl J Med. 1983 Jul 14; 309(2):77-80. PMID: 6855869.
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    255. Voelkel NF, Morganroth M, Stenmark K, Feddersen OC, Murphy RC, Reeves JT. Leukotrienes in the lung circulation: actions and interactions. Prog Clin Biol Res. 1983; 136:141-53. PMID: 6364161.
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