Colorado PROFILES, The Colorado Clinical and Translational Sciences Institute (CCTSI)
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Kurt R Stenmark

TitleProfessor
InstitutionUniversity of Colorado Denver - Anschutz Medical Campus
DepartmentSOM-PEDS
Phone303/724-5623

    Collapse Research 
    Collapse research activities and funding
    P01HL152961     (STENMARK, KURT R.)Aug 1, 2020 - Jun 30, 2025
    NIH
    Complement Mediated Remodeling in Pulmonary Vascular Disease
    Role: Principal Investigator

    R01HL125827     (STENMARK, KURT R.)Dec 1, 2014 - Jun 30, 2015
    NIH
    Crosstalk Between Metabolism and Inflammation in Pulmonary Hypertension
    Role: Principal Investigator

    R01HL114887     (STENMARK, KURT R.)Aug 15, 2012 - Jun 30, 2018
    NIH
    Fibroblasts and Mononuclear Fibrogenic Cells Drive Right Ventricular Pulmonary Ar
    Role: Principal Investigator

    P50HL084923     (STENMARK, KURT R.)Jan 12, 2007 - Dec 31, 2012
    NIH
    Lung Vascular Disease in Infants and Children: Mechanisms and Treatment
    Role: Principal Investigator

    P50HL057144     (STENMARK, KURT R)Dec 1, 1996 - Nov 30, 2007
    NIH
    SCOR: Impact of Injury on the Immature Pulmonary Circul*
    Role: Principal Investigator

    P01HL014985     (STENMARK, KURT R.)Apr 1, 1996 - Jun 30, 2021
    NIH
    Adaptation to Hypoxia
    Role: Principal Investigator

    P50HL046481     (STENMARK, KURT R)Dec 30, 1991 - Nov 30, 1996
    NIH
    SCOR--LUNG BIOLOGY AND DISEASES IN INFANTS AND CHILDREN
    Role: Principal Investigator

    K08HL001503     (STENMARK, KURT R)Jul 1, 1985 - Jun 30, 1990
    NIH
    LUNG LIPIDS IN NEONATAL PULMONARY HYPERTENSIVE DISEASES
    Role: Principal Investigator

    T32HL007171     (STENMARK, KURT R.)Jul 1, 1976 - Jun 30, 2023
    NIH
    Translational Pulmonary Vascular Biology Program
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse selected publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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    1. Gu S, Mickael C, Kumar R, Lee MH, Sanders L, Kassa B, Harral J, Williams J, Hansen KC, Stenmark KR, Tuder RM, Graham BB. The role of macrophages in right ventricular remodeling in experimental pulmonary hypertension. Pulm Circ. 2022 Jul; 12(3):e12105. PMID: 35874852.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Campbell NV, Mickael C, Kumar S, Zhang H, Campbell IL, Gillen AE, Trentin CO, Diener K, Gao B, Kheyfets VO, Gu S, Kumar R, Phang T, Brown RD, Graham BB, Stenmark KR. Single-cell RNA sequencing and binary hierarchical clustering define lung interstitial macrophage heterogeneity in response to hypoxia. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2022 07 01; 323(1):L58-L68. PMID: 35608266.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Stenmark K. Book review on hypoxic respiratory failure in the newborn - from origins to clinical management. Pulm Circ. 2021 Oct-Dec; 11(4):20458940211060161. PMID: 34925763.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Halawa S, Pullamsetti SS, Bangham CRM, Stenmark KR, Dorfmüller P, Frid MG, Butrous G, Morrell NW, de Jesus Perez VA, Stuart DI, O'Gallagher K, Shah AM, Aguib Y, Yacoub MH. Potential long-term effects of SARS-CoV-2 infection on the pulmonary vasculature: a global perspective. Nat Rev Cardiol. 2022 05; 19(5):314-331. PMID: 34873286.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Strassheim D, Sullivan T, Irwin DC, Gerasimovskaya E, Lahm T, Klemm DJ, Dempsey EC, Stenmark KR, Karoor V. Metabolite G-Protein Coupled Receptors in Cardio-Metabolic Diseases. Cells. 2021 11 29; 10(12). PMID: 34943862.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Kumar S, Frid MG, Zhang H, Li M, Riddle S, Brown RD, Yadav SC, Roy MK, Dzieciatkowska ME, D'Alessandro A, Hansen KC, Stenmark KR. Complement-containing small extracellular vesicles from adventitial fibroblasts induce proinflammatory and metabolic reprogramming in macrophages. JCI Insight. 2021 11 08; 6(21). PMID: 34499621.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Fini MA, Lanaspa MA, Gaucher EA, Boutwell B, Nakagawa T, Wright RM, Sanchez-Lozada LG, Andrews P, Stenmark KR, Johnson RJ. Brief report: The uricase mutation in humans increases our risk for cancer growth. Cancer Metab. 2021 Sep 15; 9(1):32. PMID: 34526149.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Kassa B, Kumar R, Mickael C, Sanders L, Vohwinkel C, Lee MH, Gu S, Poth JM, Stenmark KR, Zhao YY, Tuder RM, Graham BB. Endothelial cell PHD2-HIF1a-PFKFB3 contributes to right ventricle vascular adaptation in pulmonary hypertension. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2021 10 01; 321(4):L675-L685. PMID: 34346780.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Al-Hilal TA, Hossain MA, Alobaida A, Alam F, Keshavarz A, Nozik-Grayck E, Stenmark KR, German NA, Ahsan F. Design, synthesis and biological evaluations of a long-acting, hypoxia-activated prodrug of fasudil, a ROCK inhibitor, to reduce its systemic side-effects. J Control Release. 2021 06 10; 334:237-247. PMID: 33915222.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Bagchi AK, Malik A, Akolkar G, Zimmer A, Belló-Klein A, De Angelis K, Jassal DS, Fini MA, Stenmark KR, Singal PK. Study of ER stress and apoptotic proteins in the heart and tumor exposed to doxorubicin. Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Cell Res. 2021 06; 1868(7):119039. PMID: 33857568.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Schäfer M, Frank BS, Ivy DD, Abman SH, Stenmark KR, Mitchell MB, Browne LP, Barker AJ, Hunter KS, Kheyfets V, Miller-Reed K, Ing R, Morgan GJ, Truong U. Short-Term Effects of Inhaled Nitric Oxide on Right Ventricular Flow Hemodynamics by 4-Dimensional-Flow Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Children With Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension. J Am Heart Assoc. 2021 04 20; 10(8):e020548. PMID: 33821682.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Li M, Riddle S, Kumar S, Poczobutt J, McKeon BA, Frid MG, Ostaff M, Reisz JA, Nemkov T, Fini MA, Laux A, Hu CJ, El Kasmi KC, D'Alessandro A, Brown RD, Zhang H, Stenmark KR. Microenvironmental Regulation of Macrophage Transcriptomic and Metabolomic Profiles in Pulmonary Hypertension. Front Immunol. 2021; 12:640718. PMID: 33868271.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Frump AL, Albrecht M, Yakubov B, Breuils-Bonnet S, Nadeau V, Tremblay E, Potus F, Omura J, Cook T, Fisher A, Rodriguez B, Brown RD, Stenmark KR, Rubinstein CD, Krentz K, Tabima DM, Li R, Sun X, Chesler NC, Provencher S, Bonnet S, Lahm T. 17ß-Estradiol and estrogen receptor a protect right ventricular function in pulmonary hypertension via BMPR2 and apelin. J Clin Invest. 2021 03 15; 131(6). PMID: 33497359.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Hye T, Dwivedi P, Li W, Lahm T, Nozik-Grayck E, Stenmark KR, Ahsan F. Newer insights into the pathobiological and pharmacological basis of the sex disparity in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2021 06 01; 320(6):L1025-L1037. PMID: 33719549.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Delaney C, Davizon-Castillo P, Allawzi A, Posey J, Gandjeva A, Neeves K, Tuder RM, Di Paola J, Stenmark KR, Nozik ES. Platelet activation contributes to hypoxia-induced inflammation. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2021 03 01; 320(3):L413-L421. PMID: 33264579.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Kumar R, Mickael C, Kassa B, Sanders L, Hernandez-Saavedra D, Koyanagi DE, Kumar S, Pugliese SC, Thomas S, McClendon J, Maloney JP, Janssen WJ, Stenmark KR, Tuder RM, Graham BB. Interstitial macrophage-derived thrombospondin-1 contributes to hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension. Cardiovasc Res. 2020 10 01; 116(12):2021-2030. PMID: 31710666.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Strassheim D, Verin A, Batori R, Nijmeh H, Burns N, Kovacs-Kasa A, Umapathy NS, Kotamarthi J, Gokhale YS, Karoor V, Stenmark KR, Gerasimovskaya E. P2Y Purinergic Receptors, Endothelial Dysfunction, and Cardiovascular Diseases. Int J Mol Sci. 2020 Sep 18; 21(18). PMID: 32962005.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Al-Hilal TA, Keshavarz A, Kadry H, Lahooti B, Al-Obaida A, Ding Z, Li W, Kamm R, McMurtry IF, Lahm T, Nozik-Grayck E, Stenmark KR, Ahsan F. Pulmonary-arterial-hypertension (PAH)-on-a-chip: fabrication, validation and application. Lab Chip. 2020 09 21; 20(18):3334-3345. PMID: 32749432.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Ferguson SK, Redinius KM, Harral JW, Pak DI, Swindle DC, Hirai DM, Blackwell JR, Jones AM, Stenmark KR, Buehler PW, Irwin DC. The effect of dietary nitrate supplementation on the speed-duration relationship in mice with sickle cell disease. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2020 09 01; 129(3):474-482. PMID: 32702277.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Zhang H, Brown RD, Stenmark KR, Hu CJ. RNA-Binding Proteins in Pulmonary Hypertension. Int J Mol Sci. 2020 May 26; 21(11). PMID: 32466553.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Verin AD, Batori R, Kovacs-Kasa A, Cherian-Shaw M, Kumar S, Czikora I, Karoor V, Strassheim D, Stenmark KR, Gerasimovskaya EV. Extracellular adenosine enhances pulmonary artery vasa vasorum endothelial cell barrier function via Gi/ELMO1/Rac1/PKA-dependent signaling mechanisms. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2020 07 01; 319(1):C183-C193. PMID: 32432925.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Petrou CL, D'Ovidio TJ, Bölükbas DA, Tas S, Brown RD, Allawzi A, Lindstedt S, Nozik-Grayck E, Stenmark KR, Wagner DE, Magin CM. Clickable decellularized extracellular matrix as a new tool for building hybrid-hydrogels to model chronic fibrotic diseases in vitro. J Mater Chem B. 2020 08 21; 8(31):6814-6826. PMID: 32343292.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Joshi SR, Kitagawa A, Jacob C, Hashimoto R, Dhagia V, Ramesh A, Zheng C, Zhang H, Jordan A, Waddell I, Leopold J, Hu CJ, McMurtry IF, D'Alessandro A, Stenmark KR, Gupte SA. Hypoxic activation of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase controls the expression of genes involved in the pathogenesis of pulmonary hypertension through the regulation of DNA methylation. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2020 04 01; 318(4):L773-L786. PMID: 32159369.
      View in: PubMed
    24. Hernandez-Saavedra D, Sanders L, Freeman S, Reisz JA, Lee MH, Mickael C, Kumar R, Kassa B, Gu S, D' Alessandro A, Stenmark KR, Tuder RM, Graham BB. Publisher Correction: Stable isotope metabolomics of pulmonary artery smooth muscle and endothelial cells in pulmonary hypertension and with TGF-beta treatment. Sci Rep. 2020 Mar 04; 10(1):4349. PMID: 32132567.
      View in: PubMed
    25. Strassheim D, Karoor V, Nijmeh H, Weston P, Lapel M, Schaack J, Sullivan T, Dempsey EC, Stenmark KR, Gerasimovskaya E. c-Jun, Foxo3a, and c-Myc Transcription Factors are Key Regulators of ATP-Mediated Angiogenic Responses in Pulmonary Artery Vasa Vasorum Endothelial Cells. Cells. 2020 02 11; 9(2). PMID: 32054096.
      View in: PubMed
    26. Chelladurai P, Boucherat O, Stenmark K, Kracht M, Seeger W, Bauer UM, Bonnet S, Pullamsetti SS. Targeting histone acetylation in pulmonary hypertension and right ventricular hypertrophy. Br J Pharmacol. 2021 01; 178(1):54-71. PMID: 31749139.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Frid MG, McKeon BA, Thurman JM, Maron BA, Li M, Zhang H, Kumar S, Sullivan T, Laskowsky J, Fini MA, Hu S, Tuder RM, Gandjeva A, Wilkins MR, Rhodes CJ, Ghataorhe P, Leopold JA, Wang RS, Holers VM, Stenmark KR. Immunoglobulin-driven Complement Activation Regulates Proinflammatory Remodeling in Pulmonary Hypertension. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2020 01 15; 201(2):224-239. PMID: 31545648.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Hernandez-Saavedra D, Sanders L, Freeman S, Reisz JA, Lee MH, Mickael C, Kumar R, Kassa B, Gu S, D' Alessandro A, Stenmark KR, Tuder RM, Graham BB. Stable isotope metabolomics of pulmonary artery smooth muscle and endothelial cells in pulmonary hypertension and with TGF-beta treatment. Sci Rep. 2020 01 15; 10(1):413. PMID: 31942023.
      View in: PubMed
    29. Hashimoto R, Lanier GM, Dhagia V, Joshi SR, Jordan A, Waddell I, Tuder R, Stenmark KR, Wolin MS, McMurtry IF, Gupte SA. Pluripotent hematopoietic stem cells augment a-adrenergic receptor-mediated contraction of pulmonary artery and contribute to the pathogenesis of pulmonary hypertension. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2020 02 01; 318(2):L386-L401. PMID: 31913656.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Jennings KJ, Krafsur GM, Brown RD, Holt TN, Coleman SJ, Speidel SE, Enns RM, Stenmark KR, Thomas MG. Characterizing the impact of altitude and finishing system on mean pulmonary arterial pressure and carcass characteristics in Angus cattle. Transl Anim Sci. 2019 Dec; 3(Suppl 1):1669-1672. PMID: 32704934.
      View in: PubMed
    31. Hu CJ, Poth JM, Zhang H, Flockton A, Laux A, Kumar S, McKeon B, Mouradian G, Li M, Riddle S, Pugliese SC, Brown RD, Wallace EM, Graham BB, Frid MG, Stenmark KR. Suppression of HIF2 signalling attenuates the initiation of hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension. Eur Respir J. 2019 12; 54(6). PMID: 31515405.
      View in: PubMed
    32. Ferguson SK, Pak DI, Hopkins JL, Harral JW, Redinius KM, Loomis Z, Stenmark KR, Borden MA, Schroeder T, Irwin DC. Pre-clinical assessment of a water-in-fluorocarbon emulsion for the treatment of pulmonary vascular diseases. Drug Deliv. 2019 Dec; 26(1):147-157. PMID: 30822171.
      View in: PubMed
    33. Spiekerkoetter E, Goncharova EA, Guignabert C, Stenmark K, Kwapiszewska G, Rabinovitch M, Voelkel N, Bogaard HJ, Graham B, Pullamsetti SS, Kuebler WM. Hot topics in the mechanisms of pulmonary arterial hypertension disease: cancer-like pathobiology, the role of the adventitia, systemic involvement, and right ventricular failure. Pulm Circ. 2019 Oct-Dec; 9(4):2045894019889775. PMID: 31798835.
      View in: PubMed
    34. Arnold ND, Pickworth JA, West LE, Dawson S, Carvalho JA, Casbolt H, Braithwaite AT, Iremonger J, Renshall L, Germaschewski V, McCourt M, Bland-Ward P, Kowash H, Hameed AG, Rothman AMK, Frid MG, Roger Thompson AA, Evans HR, Southwood M, Morrell NW, Crossman DC, Whyte MKB, Stenmark KR, Newman CM, Kiely DG, Francis SE, Lawrie A. A therapeutic antibody targeting osteoprotegerin attenuates severe experimental pulmonary arterial hypertension. Nat Commun. 2019 11 15; 10(1):5183. PMID: 31729368.
      View in: PubMed
    35. Allawzi A, McDermott I, Delaney C, Nguyen K, Banimostafa L, Trumpie A, Hernandez-Lagunas L, Riemondy K, Gillen A, Hesselberth J, Kasmi KE, Sucharov CC, Janssen WJ, Stenmark K, Bowler R, Nozik-Grayck E. Redistribution of EC-SOD resolves bleomycin-induced inflammation via increased apoptosis of recruited alveolar macrophages. FASEB J. 2019 12; 33(12):13465-13475. PMID: 31560857.
      View in: PubMed
    36. Strassheim D, Dempsey EC, Gerasimovskaya E, Stenmark K, Karoor V. Role of Inflammatory Cell Subtypes in Heart Failure. J Immunol Res. 2019; 2019:2164017. PMID: 31565659.
      View in: PubMed
    37. Fini MA, Stenmark KR. Pegloticase and lowering blood pressure in refractory gout; is it uric acid or hydrogen peroxide? Eur J Intern Med. 2019 Nov; 69:e11-e12. PMID: 31471165.
      View in: PubMed
    38. Redinus K, Baek JH, Yalamanoglu A, Shin HKH, Moldova R, Harral JW, Swindle D, Pak D, Ferguson SK, Nuss R, Hassell K, Nozik-Grayck E, Palmer AF, Fini MA, Karoor V, Stenmark KR, Buehler PW, Irwin DC. An Hb-mediated circulating macrophage contributing to pulmonary vascular remodeling in sickle cell disease. JCI Insight. 2019 08 08; 4(15). PMID: 31391342.
      View in: PubMed
    39. Bruns DR, Tatman PD, Kalkur RS, Brown RD, Stenmark KR, Buttrick PM, Walker LA. The right ventricular fibroblast secretome drives cardiomyocyte dedifferentiation. PLoS One. 2019; 14(8):e0220573. PMID: 31374110.
      View in: PubMed
    40. Tan Y, Tseng P, Wang D, Zhang H, Hunter K, Hertzberg J, Stenmark KR, Tan W. Retraction: Stiffening-Induced High Pulsatility Flow Activates Endothelial Inflammation via a TLR2/NF-?B Pathway. PLoS One. 2019; 14(7):e0220600. PMID: 31356647.
      View in: PubMed
    41. Keshavarz A, Alobaida A, McMurtry IF, Nozik-Grayck E, Stenmark KR, Ahsan F. CAR, a Homing Peptide, Prolongs Pulmonary Preferential Vasodilation by Increasing Pulmonary Retention and Reducing Systemic Absorption of Liposomal Fasudil. Mol Pharm. 2019 08 05; 16(8):3414-3429. PMID: 31194563.
      View in: PubMed
    42. Rafuse M, Xu X, Stenmark K, Neu CP, Yin X, Tan W. Layer-specific arterial micromechanics and microstructure: Influences of age, anatomical location, and processing technique. J Biomech. 2019 May 09; 88:113-121. PMID: 31010593.
      View in: PubMed
    43. Friesen RM, Schäfer M, Ivy DD, Abman SH, Stenmark K, Browne LP, Barker AJ, Hunter KS, Truong U. Proximal pulmonary vascular stiffness as a prognostic factor in children with pulmonary arterial hypertension. Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging. 2019 02 01; 20(2):209-217. PMID: 29788051.
      View in: PubMed
    44. Humbert M, Guignabert C, Bonnet S, Dorfmüller P, Klinger JR, Nicolls MR, Olschewski AJ, Pullamsetti SS, Schermuly RT, Stenmark KR, Rabinovitch M. Pathology and pathobiology of pulmonary hypertension: state of the art and research perspectives. Eur Respir J. 2019 01; 53(1). PMID: 30545970.
      View in: PubMed
    45. Huang J, Frid M, Gewitz MH, Fallon JT, Brown D, Krafsur G, Stenmark K, Mathew R. Hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension and chronic lung disease: caveolin-1 dysfunction an important underlying feature. Pulm Circ. 2019 Jan-Mar; 9(1):2045894019837876. PMID: 30806156.
      View in: PubMed
    46. Bailey KE, Floren ML, D'Ovidio TJ, Lammers SR, Stenmark KR, Magin CM. Tissue-informed engineering strategies for modeling human pulmonary diseases. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2019 02 01; 316(2):L303-L320. PMID: 30461289.
      View in: PubMed
    47. Rashid J, Nozik-Grayck E, McMurtry IF, Stenmark KR, Ahsan F. Inhaled combination of sildenafil and rosiglitazone improves pulmonary hemodynamics, cardiac function, and arterial remodeling. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2019 01 01; 316(1):L119-L130. PMID: 30307312.
      View in: PubMed
    48. Stenmark KR, Hu CJ, Pullamsetti SS. How Many FOXs Are There on The Road to Pulmonary Hypertension? Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2018 09 15; 198(6):704-707. PMID: 29694238.
      View in: PubMed
    49. Strassheim D, Karoor V, Stenmark K, Verin A, Gerasimovskaya E. A current view of G protein-coupled receptor - mediated signaling in pulmonary hypertension: finding opportunities for therapeutic intervention. Vessel Plus. 2018; 2. PMID: 31380505.
      View in: PubMed
    50. Ferguson SK, Redinius K, Yalamanoglu A, Harral JW, Hyen Baek J, Pak D, Loomis Z, Hassell D, Eigenberger P, Nozik-Grayck E, Nuss R, Hassell K, Stenmark KR, Buehler PW, Irwin DC. Effects of living at moderate altitude on pulmonary vascular function and exercise capacity in mice with sickle cell anaemia. J Physiol. 2019 02; 597(4):1073-1085. PMID: 29931797.
      View in: PubMed
    51. Krafsur GM, Neary JM, Garry F, Holt T, Gould DH, Mason GL, Thomas MG, Enns RM, Tuder RM, Heaton MP, Brown RD, Stenmark KR. Cardiopulmonary remodeling in fattened beef cattle: a naturally occurring large animal model of obesity-associated pulmonary hypertension with left heart disease. Pulm Circ. 2019 Jan-Mar; 9(1):2045894018796804. PMID: 30124135.
      View in: PubMed
    52. Hu CJ, Zhang H, Laux A, Pullamsetti SS, Stenmark KR. Mechanisms contributing to persistently activated cell phenotypes in pulmonary hypertension. J Physiol. 2019 02; 597(4):1103-1119. PMID: 29920674.
      View in: PubMed
    53. Grunig G, Eichstaedt CA, Verweyen J, Durmus N, Saxer S, Krafsur G, Stenmark K, Ulrich S, Grünig E, Pylawka S. Circulating MicroRNA Markers for Pulmonary Hypertension in Supervised Exercise Intervention and Nightly Oxygen Intervention. Front Physiol. 2018; 9:955. PMID: 30090067.
      View in: PubMed
    54. Stenmark KR, Graham BB. Urocortin 2: will a drug targeting both the vasculature and the right ventricle be the future of pulmonary hypertension therapy? Cardiovasc Res. 2018 07 01; 114(8):1057-1059. PMID: 29800416.
      View in: PubMed
    55. Ding Y, Xu X, Sharma S, Floren M, Stenmark K, Bryant SJ, Neu CP, Tan W. Biomimetic soft fibrous hydrogels for contractile and pharmacologically responsive smooth muscle. Acta Biomater. 2018 07 01; 74:121-130. PMID: 29753912.
      View in: PubMed
    56. Stenmark KR, Tuder RM. Peroxisome Proliferator-activated Receptor ? and Mitochondria: Drivers or Passengers on the Road to Pulmonary Hypertension? Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2018 05; 58(5):555-557. PMID: 29714631.
      View in: PubMed
    57. Schäfer M, Humphries S, Stenmark KR, Kheyfets VO, Buckner JK, Hunter KS, Fenster BE. 4D-flow cardiac magnetic resonance-derived vorticity is sensitive marker of left ventricular diastolic dysfunction in patients with mild-to-moderate chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging. 2018 04 01; 19(4):415-424. PMID: 28460004.
      View in: PubMed
    58. Rulifson G, Bielefeldt AR. Evolution of Students' Varied Conceptualizations About Socially Responsible Engineering: A Four Year Longitudinal Study. Sci Eng Ethics. 2019 06; 25(3):939-974. PMID: 29718758.
      View in: PubMed
    59. Rulifson G, Bielefeldt AR. Evolution of Students' Varied Conceptualizations About Socially Responsible Engineering: A Four Year Longitudinal Study. Sci Eng Ethics. 2019 06; 25(3):939-974. PMID: 29723610.
      View in: PubMed
    60. Rulifson G, Bielefeldt AR. Evolution of Students' Varied Conceptualizations About Socially Responsible Engineering: A Four Year Longitudinal Study. Sci Eng Ethics. 2019 06; 25(3):939-974. PMID: 29385432.
      View in: PubMed
    61. Rulifson G, Bielefeldt AR. Evolution of Students' Varied Conceptualizations About Socially Responsible Engineering: A Four Year Longitudinal Study. Sci Eng Ethics. 2019 06; 25(3):939-974. PMID: 29851508.
      View in: PubMed
    62. Rulifson G, Bielefeldt AR. Evolution of Students' Varied Conceptualizations About Socially Responsible Engineering: A Four Year Longitudinal Study. Sci Eng Ethics. 2019 06; 25(3):939-974. PMID: 28972001.
      View in: PubMed
    63. Rulifson G, Bielefeldt AR. Evolution of Students' Varied Conceptualizations About Socially Responsible Engineering: A Four Year Longitudinal Study. Sci Eng Ethics. 2019 06; 25(3):939-974. PMID: 29047090.
      View in: PubMed
    64. Rulifson G, Bielefeldt AR. Evolution of Students' Varied Conceptualizations About Socially Responsible Engineering: A Four Year Longitudinal Study. Sci Eng Ethics. 2019 06; 25(3):939-974. PMID: 29159203.
      View in: PubMed
    65. Rulifson G, Bielefeldt AR. Evolution of Students' Varied Conceptualizations About Socially Responsible Engineering: A Four Year Longitudinal Study. Sci Eng Ethics. 2019 06; 25(3):939-974. PMID: 31174369.
      View in: PubMed
    66. Rulifson G, Bielefeldt AR. Evolution of Students' Varied Conceptualizations About Socially Responsible Engineering: A Four Year Longitudinal Study. Sci Eng Ethics. 2019 06; 25(3):939-974. PMID: 30822118.
      View in: PubMed
    67. Rulifson G, Bielefeldt AR. Evolution of Students' Varied Conceptualizations About Socially Responsible Engineering: A Four Year Longitudinal Study. Sci Eng Ethics. 2019 06; 25(3):939-974. PMID: 26254424.
      View in: PubMed
    68. Rulifson G, Bielefeldt AR. Evolution of Students' Varied Conceptualizations About Socially Responsible Engineering: A Four Year Longitudinal Study. Sci Eng Ethics. 2019 06; 25(3):939-974. PMID: 26311719.
      View in: PubMed
    69. Rulifson G, Bielefeldt AR. Evolution of Students' Varied Conceptualizations About Socially Responsible Engineering: A Four Year Longitudinal Study. Sci Eng Ethics. 2019 06; 25(3):939-974. PMID: 26558820.
      View in: PubMed
    70. Rulifson G, Bielefeldt AR. Evolution of Students' Varied Conceptualizations About Socially Responsible Engineering: A Four Year Longitudinal Study. Sci Eng Ethics. 2019 06; 25(3):939-974. PMID: 26534956.
      View in: PubMed
    71. Rulifson G, Bielefeldt AR. Evolution of Students' Varied Conceptualizations About Socially Responsible Engineering: A Four Year Longitudinal Study. Sci Eng Ethics. 2019 06; 25(3):939-974. PMID: 26733189.
      View in: PubMed
    72. Rulifson G, Bielefeldt AR. Evolution of Students' Varied Conceptualizations About Socially Responsible Engineering: A Four Year Longitudinal Study. Sci Eng Ethics. 2019 06; 25(3):939-974. PMID: 27096124.
      View in: PubMed
    73. Rulifson G, Bielefeldt AR. Evolution of Students' Varied Conceptualizations About Socially Responsible Engineering: A Four Year Longitudinal Study. Sci Eng Ethics. 2019 06; 25(3):939-974. PMID: 21874158.
      View in: PubMed
    74. Rulifson G, Bielefeldt AR. Evolution of Students' Varied Conceptualizations About Socially Responsible Engineering: A Four Year Longitudinal Study. Sci Eng Ethics. 2019 06; 25(3):939-974. PMID: 27856430.
      View in: PubMed
    75. Rulifson G, Bielefeldt AR. Evolution of Students' Varied Conceptualizations About Socially Responsible Engineering: A Four Year Longitudinal Study. Sci Eng Ethics. 2019 06; 25(3):939-974. PMID: 27942377.
      View in: PubMed
    76. Rulifson G, Bielefeldt AR. Evolution of Students' Varied Conceptualizations About Socially Responsible Engineering: A Four Year Longitudinal Study. Sci Eng Ethics. 2019 06; 25(3):939-974. PMID: 28130878.
      View in: PubMed
    77. Rulifson G, Bielefeldt AR. Evolution of Students' Varied Conceptualizations About Socially Responsible Engineering: A Four Year Longitudinal Study. Sci Eng Ethics. 2019 06; 25(3):939-974. PMID: 28090284.
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    181. Nagel MA, Choe A, Rempel A, Wyborny A, Stenmark K, Gilden D. Differential regulation of matrix metalloproteinases in varicella zoster virus-infected human brain vascular adventitial fibroblasts. J Neurol Sci. 2015 Nov 15; 358(1-2):444-6. PMID: 26443282.
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    182. Zhao L, Oliver E, Maratou K, Atanur SS, Dubois OD, Cotroneo E, Chen CN, Wang L, Arce C, Chabosseau PL, Ponsa-Cobas J, Frid MG, Moyon B, Webster Z, Aldashev A, Ferrer J, Rutter GA, Stenmark KR, Aitman TJ, Wilkins MR. The zinc transporter ZIP12 regulates the pulmonary vascular response to chronic hypoxia. Nature. 2015 Aug 20; 524(7565):356-60. PMID: 26258299.
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    183. Stenmark KR, Tuder RM, El Kasmi KC. Metabolic reprogramming and inflammation act in concert to control vascular remodeling in hypoxic pulmonary hypertension. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2015 Nov 15; 119(10):1164-72. PMID: 25930027.
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    184. Newman JH, Holt TN, Cogan JD, Womack B, Phillips JA, Li C, Kendall Z, Stenmark KR, Thomas MG, Brown RD, Riddle SR, West JD, Hamid R. Increased prevalence of EPAS1 variant in cattle with high-altitude pulmonary hypertension. Nat Commun. 2015 Apr 15; 6:6863. PMID: 25873470.
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    185. Cavasin MA, Stenmark KR, McKinsey TA. Emerging roles for histone deacetylases in pulmonary hypertension and right ventricular remodeling (2013 Grover Conference series). Pulm Circ. 2015 Mar; 5(1):63-72. PMID: 25992271.
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    186. Miyamoto SD, Karimpour-Fard A, Peterson V, Auerbach SR, Stenmark KR, Stauffer BL, Sucharov CC. Circulating microRNA as a biomarker for recovery in pediatric dilated cardiomyopathy. J Heart Lung Transplant. 2015 May; 34(5):724-33. PMID: 25840506.
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    187. Ranchoux B, Günther S, Quarck R, Chaumais MC, Dorfmüller P, Antigny F, Dumas SJ, Raymond N, Lau E, Savale L, Jaïs X, Sitbon O, Simonneau G, Stenmark K, Cohen-Kaminsky S, Humbert M, Montani D, Perros F. Chemotherapy-induced pulmonary hypertension: role of alkylating agents. Am J Pathol. 2015 Feb; 185(2):356-71. PMID: 25497573.
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    188. Tan W, Madhavan K, Hunter KS, Park D, Stenmark KR. Vascular stiffening in pulmonary hypertension: cause or consequence? (2013 Grover Conference series). Pulm Circ. 2014 Dec; 4(4):560-80. PMID: 25610594.
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    189. Bruns DR, Brown RD, Stenmark KR, Buttrick PM, Walker LA. Mitochondrial integrity in a neonatal bovine model of right ventricular dysfunction. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2015 Jan 15; 308(2):L158-67. PMID: 25416385.
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    190. Nozik-Grayck E, Woods C, Taylor JM, Benninger RK, Johnson RD, Villegas LR, Stenmark KR, Harrison DG, Majka SM, Irwin D, Farrow KN. Selective depletion of vascular EC-SOD augments chronic hypoxic pulmonary hypertension. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2014 Dec 01; 307(11):L868-76. PMID: 25326578.
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    191. Tuder RM, Archer SL, Dorfmüller P, Erzurum SC, Guignabert C, Michelakis E, Rabinovitch M, Schermuly R, Stenmark KR, Morrell NW. [Relevant issues in the pathology and pathobiology of pulmonary hypertension]. Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars. 2014 Oct; 42 Suppl 1:5-16. PMID: 25697030.
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    192. Miyamoto SD, Stauffer BL, Polk J, Medway A, Friedrich M, Haubold K, Peterson V, Nunley K, Nelson P, Sobus R, Stenmark KR, Sucharov CC. Gene expression and ß-adrenergic signaling are altered in hypoplastic left heart syndrome. J Heart Lung Transplant. 2014 Aug; 33(8):785-93. PMID: 24793904.
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    193. Nijmeh H, Balasubramaniam V, Burns N, Ahmad A, Stenmark KR, Gerasimovskaya EV. High proliferative potential endothelial colony-forming cells contribute to hypoxia-induced pulmonary artery vasa vasorum neovascularization. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2014 Apr 01; 306(7):L661-71. PMID: 24508729.
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    194. Dweik RA, Rounds S, Erzurum SC, Archer S, Fagan K, Hassoun PM, Hill NS, Humbert M, Kawut SM, Krowka M, Michelakis E, Morrell NW, Stenmark K, Tuder RM, Newman J. An official American Thoracic Society Statement: pulmonary hypertension phenotypes. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2014 Feb 01; 189(3):345-55. PMID: 24484330.
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    195. Williams SM, Golden-Mason L, Ferguson BS, Schuetze KB, Cavasin MA, Demos-Davies K, Yeager ME, Stenmark KR, McKinsey TA. Class I HDACs regulate angiotensin II-dependent cardiac fibrosis via fibroblasts and circulating fibrocytes. J Mol Cell Cardiol. 2014 Feb; 67:112-25. PMID: 24374140.
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    196. Tuder RM, Archer SL, Dorfmüller P, Erzurum SC, Guignabert C, Michelakis E, Rabinovitch M, Schermuly R, Stenmark KR, Morrell NW. Relevant issues in the pathology and pathobiology of pulmonary hypertension. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2013 Dec 24; 62(25 Suppl):D4-12. PMID: 24355640.
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    197. Rogers NM, Yao M, Sembrat J, George MP, Knupp H, Ross M, Sharifi-Sanjani M, Milosevic J, St Croix C, Rajkumar R, Frid MG, Hunter KS, Mazzaro L, Novelli EM, Stenmark KR, Gladwin MT, Ahmad F, Champion HC, Isenberg JS. Cellular, pharmacological, and biophysical evaluation of explanted lungs from a patient with sickle cell disease and severe pulmonary arterial hypertension. Pulm Circ. 2013 Dec; 3(4):936-51. PMID: 25006410.
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    198. Wang D, Zhang H, Li M, Frid MG, Flockton AR, McKeon BA, Yeager ME, Fini MA, Morrell NW, Pullamsetti SS, Velegala S, Seeger W, McKinsey TA, Sucharov CC, Stenmark KR. MicroRNA-124 controls the proliferative, migratory, and inflammatory phenotype of pulmonary vascular fibroblasts. Circ Res. 2014 Jan 03; 114(1):67-78. PMID: 24122720.
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    199. Fini MA, Johnson RJ, Stenmark KR, Wright RM. Hypertension, nitrate-nitrite, and xanthine oxidoreductase catalyzed nitric oxide generation: pros and cons. Hypertension. 2013 Sep; 62(3):e9. PMID: 23897071.
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    200. Morrell NW, Stenmark KR. The renin-angiotensin system in pulmonary hypertension. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2013 May 15; 187(10):1138-9. PMID: 23675718.
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    201. Zhao L, Chen CN, Hajji N, Oliver E, Cotroneo E, Wharton J, Wilkins MR, Wang D, Li M, Stenmark KR, McKinsey TA, Buttrick P. Response to letter regarding article, “histone deacetylation inhibition in pulmonary hypertension: therapeutic potential of valproic acid and suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid”. Circulation. 2013 Apr 09; 127(14):e540. PMID: 23691553.
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    202. Li M, Tan Y, Stenmark KR, Tan W. High Pulsatility Flow Induces Acute Endothelial Inflammation through Overpolarizing Cells to Activate NF-?B. Cardiovasc Eng Technol. 2013 Mar; 4(1):26-38. PMID: 23667401.
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    203. Bull TM, Stenmark KR. Mechanics and mechanisms of pulmonary hypertension: An introduction to the 55(th) annual Thomas L. Petty Aspen Lung Conference. Pulm Circ. 2013 Jan; 3(1):127. PMID: 23662188.
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    204. Morrell NW, Archer SL, Defelice A, Evans S, Fiszman M, Martin T, Saulnier M, Rabinovitch M, Schermuly R, Stewart D, Truebel H, Walker G, Stenmark KR. Anticipated classes of new medications and molecular targets for pulmonary arterial hypertension. Pulm Circ. 2013 Jan; 3(1):226-44. PMID: 23662201.
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    205. Adatia I, Haworth SG, Wegner M, Barst RJ, Ivy D, Stenmark KR, Karkowsky A, Rosenzweig E, Aguilar C. Clinical trials in neonates and children: Report of the pulmonary hypertension academic research consortium pediatric advisory committee. Pulm Circ. 2013 Jan; 3(1):252-66. PMID: 23662203.
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    206. Nagel MA, Traktinskiy I, Stenmark KR, Frid MG, Choe A, Gilden D. Varicella-zoster virus vasculopathy: immune characteristics of virus-infected arteries. Neurology. 2013 Jan 01; 80(1):62-8. PMID: 23243076.
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    207. Stenmark KR, Yeager ME, El Kasmi KC, Nozik-Grayck E, Gerasimovskaya EV, Li M, Riddle SR, Frid MG. The adventitia: essential regulator of vascular wall structure and function. Annu Rev Physiol. 2013; 75:23-47. PMID: 23216413.
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    208. Brown RD, Ambler SK, Li M, Sullivan TM, Henry LN, Crossno JT, Long CS, Garrington TP, Stenmark KR. MAP kinase kinase kinase-2 (MEKK2) regulates hypertrophic remodeling of the right ventricle in hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2013 Jan 15; 304(2):H269-81. PMID: 23125215.
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    209. Scott D, Tan Y, Shandas R, Stenmark KR, Tan W. High pulsatility flow stimulates smooth muscle cell hypertrophy and contractile protein expression. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2013 Jan 01; 304(1):L70-81. PMID: 23087017.
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    210. Buehler PW, Baek JH, Lisk C, Connor I, Sullivan T, Kominsky D, Majka S, Stenmark KR, Nozik-Grayck E, Bonaventura J, Irwin DC. Free hemoglobin induction of pulmonary vascular disease: evidence for an inflammatory mechanism. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2012 Aug 15; 303(4):L312-26. PMID: 22728465.
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    211. Yeager ME, Colvin KL, Everett AD, Stenmark KR, Ivy DD. Plasma proteomics of differential outcome to long-term therapy in children with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension. Proteomics Clin Appl. 2012 Jun; 6(5-6):257-67. PMID: 22653875.
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    212. Reusser M, Hunter KS, Lammers SR, Stenmark KR. Validation of a pressure diameter method for determining modulus and strain of collagen engagement for long branches of bovine pulmonary arteries. J Biomech Eng. 2012 May; 134(5):054501. PMID: 22757496.
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    213. Yeager ME, Reddy MB, Nguyen CM, Colvin KL, Ivy DD, Stenmark KR. Activation of the unfolded protein response is associated with pulmonary hypertension. Pulm Circ. 2012 Apr-Jun; 2(2):229-40. PMID: 22837864.
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    214. Cavasin MA, Demos-Davies K, Horn TR, Walker LA, Lemon DD, Birdsey N, Weiser-Evans MC, Harral J, Irwin DC, Anwar A, Yeager ME, Li M, Watson PA, Nemenoff RA, Buttrick PM, Stenmark KR, McKinsey TA. Selective class I histone deacetylase inhibition suppresses hypoxia-induced cardiopulmonary remodeling through an antiproliferative mechanism. Circ Res. 2012 Mar 02; 110(5):739-48. PMID: 22282194.
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    215. Tian L, Lammers SR, Kao PH, Albietz JA, Stenmark KR, Qi HJ, Shandas R, Hunter KS. Impact of residual stretch and remodeling on collagen engagement in healthy and pulmonary hypertensive calf pulmonary arteries at physiological pressures. Ann Biomed Eng. 2012 Jul; 40(7):1419-33. PMID: 22237861.
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    216. Lammers S, Scott D, Hunter K, Tan W, Shandas R, Stenmark KR. Mechanics and function of the pulmonary vasculature: implications for pulmonary vascular disease and right ventricular function. Compr Physiol. 2012 Jan; 2(1):295-319. PMID: 23728987.
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    217. Yeager ME, Belchenko DD, Nguyen CM, Colvin KL, Ivy DD, Stenmark KR. Endothelin-1, the unfolded protein response, and persistent inflammation: role of pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2012 Jan; 46(1):14-22. PMID: 21778413.
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    218. Carpenter TC, Schroeder W, Stenmark KR, Schmidt EP. Eph-A2 promotes permeability and inflammatory responses to bleomycin-induced lung injury. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2012 Jan; 46(1):40-7. PMID: 21799118.
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    219. Lammers S, Scott D, Hunter K, Tan W, Shandas R, Stenmark KR. Mechanics and Function of the Pulmonary Vasculature: Implications for Pulmonary Vascular Disease and Right Ventricular Function. Compr Physiol. 2012 Jan 01; 2(1):295-319. PMID: 23487595.
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    220. Hartney T, Birari R, Venkataraman S, Villegas L, Martinez M, Black SM, Stenmark KR, Nozik-Grayck E. Xanthine oxidase-derived ROS upregulate Egr-1 via ERK1/2 in PA smooth muscle cells; model to test impact of extracellular ROS in chronic hypoxia. PLoS One. 2011; 6(11):e27531. PMID: 22140445.
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    221. Yeager ME, Nguyen CM, Belchenko DD, Colvin KL, Takatsuki S, Ivy DD, Stenmark KR. Circulating myeloid-derived suppressor cells are increased and activated in pulmonary hypertension. Chest. 2012 Apr; 141(4):944-952. PMID: 21940769.
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    222. Tian L, Lammers SR, Kao PH, Reusser M, Stenmark KR, Hunter KS, Qi HJ, Shandas R. Linked opening angle and histological and mechanical aspects of the proximal pulmonary arteries of healthy and pulmonary hypertensive rats and calves. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2011 Nov; 301(5):H1810-8. PMID: 21856906.
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    223. Li M, Riddle SR, Frid MG, El Kasmi KC, McKinsey TA, Sokol RJ, Strassheim D, Meyrick B, Yeager ME, Flockton AR, McKeon BA, Lemon DD, Horn TR, Anwar A, Barajas C, Stenmark KR. Emergence of fibroblasts with a proinflammatory epigenetically altered phenotype in severe hypoxic pulmonary hypertension. J Immunol. 2011 Sep 01; 187(5):2711-22. PMID: 21813768.
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    224. Lammers AE, Adatia I, Cerro MJ, Diaz G, Freudenthal AH, Freudenthal F, Harikrishnan S, Ivy D, Lopes AA, Raj JU, Sandoval J, Stenmark K, Haworth SG. Functional classification of pulmonary hypertension in children: Report from the PVRI pediatric taskforce, Panama 2011. Pulm Circ. 2011 Aug 02; 1(2):280-285. PMID: 21874157.
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    225. Yeager ME, Nguyen CM, Belchenko DD, Colvin KL, Takatsuki S, Ivy DD, Stenmark KR. Circulating fibrocytes are increased in children and young adults with pulmonary hypertension. Eur Respir J. 2012 Jan; 39(1):104-11. PMID: 21700605.
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    226. Kao PH, Lammers SR, Tian L, Hunter K, Stenmark KR, Shandas R, Qi HJ. A microstructurally driven model for pulmonary artery tissue. J Biomech Eng. 2011 May; 133(5):051002. PMID: 21599093.
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    227. Majka S, Burnham E, Stenmark KR. Cell-based therapies in pulmonary hypertension: who, what, and when? Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2011 Jul; 301(1):L9-L11. PMID: 21515661.
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    228. Roedersheimer M, Nijmeh H, Burns N, Sidiakova AA, Stenmark KR, Gerasimovskaya EV. Complementary effects of extracellular nucleotides and platelet-derived extracts on angiogenesis of vasa vasorum endothelial cells in vitro and subcutaneous Matrigel plugs in vivo. Vasc Cell. 2011 Feb 02; 3(1):4. PMID: 21349161.
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    229. Stenmark KR, Nozik-Grayck E, Gerasimovskaya E, Anwar A, Li M, Riddle S, Frid M. The adventitia: Essential role in pulmonary vascular remodeling. Compr Physiol. 2011 Jan; 1(1):141-61. PMID: 23737168.
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    230. Yeager ME, Frid MG, Stenmark KR. Progenitor cells in pulmonary vascular remodeling. Pulm Circ. 2011 Jan-Mar; 1(1):3-16. PMID: 22034593.
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    231. Clarke MB, Wright R, Irwin D, Bose S, Van Rheen Z, Birari R, Stenmark KR, McCord JM, Nozik-Grayck E. Sustained lung activity of a novel chimeric protein, SOD2/3, after intratracheal administration. Free Radic Biol Med. 2010 Dec 15; 49(12):2032-9. PMID: 20932897.
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    232. Kao PH, Lammers SR, Hunter K, Stenmark KR, Shandas R, Qi HJ. Constitutive Modeling of Anisotropic Finite-Deformation Hyperelastic Behaviors of Soft Materials Reinforced by Tortuous Fibers. Int J Struct Changes Sol. 2010 Apr; 2(1):19-29. PMID: 21822502.
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    233. Stenmark KR, Rabinovitch M. Emerging therapies for the treatment of pulmonary hypertension. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2010 Mar; 11(2 Suppl):S85-90. PMID: 20216170.
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    234. Strassheim D, Riddle SR, Burke DL, Geraci MW, Stenmark KR. Prostacyclin inhibits IFN-gamma-stimulated cytokine expression by reduced recruitment of CBP/p300 to STAT1 in a SOCS-1-independent manner. J Immunol. 2009 Dec 01; 183(11):6981-8. PMID: 19915063.
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    235. Frid MG, Li M, Gnanasekharan M, Burke DL, Fragoso M, Strassheim D, Sylman JL, Stenmark KR. Sustained hypoxia leads to the emergence of cells with enhanced growth, migratory, and promitogenic potentials within the distal pulmonary artery wall. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2009 Dec; 297(6):L1059-72. PMID: 19767409.
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    236. Stenmark KR, Meyrick B, Galie N, Mooi WJ, McMurtry IF. Animal models of pulmonary arterial hypertension: the hope for etiological discovery and pharmacological cure. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2009 Dec; 297(6):L1013-32. PMID: 19748998.
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    237. Woodward HN, Anwar A, Riddle S, Taraseviciene-Stewart L, Fragoso M, Stenmark KR, Gerasimovskaya EV. PI3K, Rho, and ROCK play a key role in hypoxia-induced ATP release and ATP-stimulated angiogenic responses in pulmonary artery vasa vasorum endothelial cells. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2009 Nov; 297(5):L954-64. PMID: 19684203.
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    238. Takeda K, Okamoto M, de Langhe S, Dill E, Armstrong M, Reisdorf N, Irwin D, Koster M, Wilder J, Stenmark KR, West J, Klemm D, Gelfand EW, Nozik-Grayck E, Majka SM. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-g agonist treatment increases septation and angiogenesis and decreases airway hyperresponsiveness in a model of experimental neonatal chronic lung disease. Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2009 Jul; 292(7):1045-61. PMID: 19484746.
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    239. Morrell NW, Adnot S, Archer SL, Dupuis J, Lloyd Jones P, MacLean MR, McMurtry IF, Stenmark KR, Thistlethwaite PA, Weissmann N, Yuan JX, Weir EK. Cellular and molecular basis of pulmonary arterial hypertension. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2009 Jun 30; 54(1 Suppl):S20-S31. PMID: 19555855.
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    240. Burke DL, Frid MG, Kunrath CL, Karoor V, Anwar A, Wagner BD, Strassheim D, Stenmark KR. Sustained hypoxia promotes the development of a pulmonary artery-specific chronic inflammatory microenvironment. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2009 Aug; 297(2):L238-50. PMID: 19465514.
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    241. Stevens T, Phan S, Frid MG, Alvarez D, Herzog E, Stenmark KR. Lung vascular cell heterogeneity: endothelium, smooth muscle, and fibroblasts. Proc Am Thorac Soc. 2008 Sep 15; 5(7):783-91. PMID: 18757318.
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    242. Lammers SR, Kao PH, Qi HJ, Hunter K, Lanning C, Albietz J, Hofmeister S, Mecham R, Stenmark KR, Shandas R. Changes in the structure-function relationship of elastin and its impact on the proximal pulmonary arterial mechanics of hypertensive calves. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2008 Oct; 295(4):H1451-9. PMID: 18660454.
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    243. Das M, Burns N, Wilson SJ, Zawada WM, Stenmark KR. Hypoxia exposure induces the emergence of fibroblasts lacking replication repressor signals of PKCzeta in the pulmonary artery adventitia. Cardiovasc Res. 2008 Jun 01; 78(3):440-8. PMID: 18218684.
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    244. Gerasimovskaya EV, Woodward HN, Tucker DA, Stenmark KR. Extracellular ATP is a pro-angiogenic factor for pulmonary artery vasa vasorum endothelial cells. Angiogenesis. 2008; 11(2):169-82. PMID: 18071915.
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    245. Arciniegas E, Frid MG, Douglas IS, Stenmark KR. Perspectives on endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition: potential contribution to vascular remodeling in chronic pulmonary hypertension. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2007 Jul; 293(1):L1-8. PMID: 17384082.
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    246. Nozik-Grayck E, Stenmark KR. Role of reactive oxygen species in chronic hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension and vascular remodeling. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2007; 618:101-12. PMID: 18269191.
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    247. Crossno JT, Garat CV, Reusch JE, Morris KG, Dempsey EC, McMurtry IF, Stenmark KR, Klemm DJ. Rosiglitazone attenuates hypoxia-induced pulmonary arterial remodeling. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2007 Apr; 292(4):L885-97. PMID: 17189321.
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    248. Stenmark KR, Fagan KA, Frid MG. Hypoxia-induced pulmonary vascular remodeling: cellular and molecular mechanisms. Circ Res. 2006 Sep 29; 99(7):675-91. PMID: 17008597.
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    249. Davie NJ, Gerasimovskaya EV, Hofmeister SE, Richman AP, Jones PL, Reeves JT, Stenmark KR. Pulmonary artery adventitial fibroblasts cooperate with vasa vasorum endothelial cells to regulate vasa vasorum neovascularization: a process mediated by hypoxia and endothelin-1. Am J Pathol. 2006 Jun; 168(6):1793-807. PMID: 16723696.
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    250. Stenmark KR, Davie N, Frid M, Gerasimovskaya E, Das M. Role of the adventitia in pulmonary vascular remodeling. Physiology (Bethesda). 2006 Apr; 21:134-45. PMID: 16565479.
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    251. Short MD, Fox SM, Lam CF, Stenmark KR, Das M. Protein kinase Czeta attenuates hypoxia-induced proliferation of fibroblasts by regulating MAP kinase phosphatase-1 expression. Mol Biol Cell. 2006 Apr; 17(4):1995-2008. PMID: 16467381.
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    252. Frid MG, Brunetti JA, Burke DL, Carpenter TC, Davie NJ, Reeves JT, Roedersheimer MT, van Rooijen N, Stenmark KR. Hypoxia-induced pulmonary vascular remodeling requires recruitment of circulating mesenchymal precursors of a monocyte/macrophage lineage. Am J Pathol. 2006 Feb; 168(2):659-69. PMID: 16436679.
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    253. Gerasimovskaya EV, Davie NJ, Ahmad S, Tucker DA, White CW, Stenmark KR. Extracellular adenosine triphosphate: a potential regulator of vasa vasorum neovascularization in hypoxia-induced pulmonary vascular remodeling. Chest. 2005 Dec; 128(6 Suppl):608S-610S. PMID: 16373860.
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    254. Frid MG, Brunetti JA, Burke DL, Carpenter TC, Davie NJ, Stenmark KR. Circulating mononuclear cells with a dual, macrophage-fibroblast phenotype contribute robustly to hypoxia-induced pulmonary adventitial remodeling. Chest. 2005 Dec; 128(6 Suppl):583S-584S. PMID: 16373848.
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    255. Short M, Fox S, Stenmark KR, Das M. Hypoxia-induced alterations in protein kinase C zeta signaling result in augmented fibroblast proliferation. Chest. 2005 Dec; 128(6 Suppl):582S. PMID: 16373847.
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    256. Narkewicz MR, Kasaragod A, Lucia MS, Pflummer S, Sokol RJ, Stenmark KR. Connective tissue growth factor expression is increased in biliary epithelial cells in biliary atresia. J Pediatr Surg. 2005 Nov; 40(11):1721-5. PMID: 16291159.
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    257. Stenmark KR, Balasubramaniam V. Angiogenic therapy for bronchopulmonary dysplasia: rationale and promise. Circulation. 2005 Oct 18; 112(16):2383-5. PMID: 16230495.
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    258. Carpenter TC, Schomberg S, Stenmark KR. Endothelin-mediated increases in lung VEGF content promote vascular leak in young rats exposed to viral infection and hypoxia. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2005 Dec; 289(6):L1075-82. PMID: 16040626.
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    259. Stenmark KR, McMurtry IF. Vascular remodeling versus vasoconstriction in chronic hypoxic pulmonary hypertension: a time for reappraisal? Circ Res. 2005 Jul 22; 97(2):95-8. PMID: 16037575.
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    260. Reeves JT, Linehan JH, Stenmark KR. Distensibility of the normal human lung circulation during exercise. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2005 Mar; 288(3):L419-25. PMID: 15695542.
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    261. Stenmark KR, Davie NJ, Reeves JT, Frid MG. Hypoxia, leukocytes, and the pulmonary circulation. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2005 Feb; 98(2):715-21. PMID: 15649883.
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    262. Stenmark KR, Abman SH. Lung vascular development: implications for the pathogenesis of bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Annu Rev Physiol. 2005; 67:623-61. PMID: 15709973.
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    263. Bemis L, Chan DA, Finkielstein CV, Qi L, Sutphin PD, Chen X, Stenmark K, Giaccia AJ, Zundel W. Distinct aerobic and hypoxic mechanisms of HIF-alpha regulation by CSN5. Genes Dev. 2004 Apr 01; 18(7):739-44. PMID: 15082527.
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    264. Short M, Nemenoff RA, Zawada WM, Stenmark KR, Das M. Hypoxia induces differentiation of pulmonary artery adventitial fibroblasts into myofibroblasts. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2004 Feb; 286(2):C416-25. PMID: 14561589.
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    265. Carpenter T, Schomberg S, Steudel W, Ozimek J, Colvin K, Stenmark K, Ivy DD. Endothelin B receptor deficiency predisposes to pulmonary edema formation via increased lung vascular endothelial cell growth factor expression. Circ Res. 2003 Sep 05; 93(5):456-63. PMID: 12919946.
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    266. Stiebellehner L, Frid MG, Reeves JT, Low RB, Gnanasekharan M, Stenmark KR. Bovine distal pulmonary arterial media is composed of a uniform population of well-differentiated smooth muscle cells with low proliferative capabilities. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2003 Oct; 285(4):L819-28. PMID: 12857671.
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    267. Davie NJ, Crossno JT, Frid MG, Hofmeister SE, Reeves JT, Hyde DM, Carpenter TC, Brunetti JA, McNiece IK, Stenmark KR. Hypoxia-induced pulmonary artery adventitial remodeling and neovascularization: contribution of progenitor cells. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2004 Apr; 286(4):L668-78. PMID: 12754186.
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    268. Ahmad S, Ahmad A, Gerasimovskaya E, Stenmark KR, Allen CB, White CW. Hypoxia protects human lung microvascular endothelial and epithelial-like cells against oxygen toxicity: role of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2003 Feb; 28(2):179-87. PMID: 12540485.
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    269. Walker HA, Whitelock JM, Garl PJ, Nemenoff RA, Stenmark KR, Weiser-Evans MC. Perlecan up-regulation of FRNK suppresses smooth muscle cell proliferation via inhibition of FAK signaling. Mol Biol Cell. 2003 May; 14(5):1941-52. PMID: 12802066.
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    270. Gerasimovskaya EV, Ahmad S, White CW, Jones PL, Carpenter TC, Stenmark KR. Extracellular ATP is an autocrine/paracrine regulator of hypoxia-induced adventitial fibroblast growth. Signaling through extracellular signal-regulated kinase-1/2 and the Egr-1 transcription factor. J Biol Chem. 2002 Nov 22; 277(47):44638-50. PMID: 12244041.
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    271. Carpenter TC, Schomberg S, Nichols C, Stenmark KR, Weil JV. Hypoxia reversibly inhibits epithelial sodium transport but does not inhibit lung ENaC or Na-K-ATPase expression. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2003 Jan; 284(1):L77-83. PMID: 12388331.
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    272. Carpenter TC, Stenmark KR. Hypoxia decreases lung neprilysin expression and increases pulmonary vascular leak. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2001 Oct; 281(4):L941-8. PMID: 11557598.
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    273. Klemm DJ, Watson PA, Frid MG, Dempsey EC, Schaack J, Colton LA, Nesterova A, Stenmark KR, Reusch JE. cAMP response element-binding protein content is a molecular determinant of smooth muscle cell proliferation and migration. J Biol Chem. 2001 Dec 07; 276(49):46132-41. PMID: 11560924.
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    274. Das M, Bouchey DM, Moore MJ, Hopkins DC, Nemenoff RA, Stenmark KR. Hypoxia-induced proliferative response of vascular adventitial fibroblasts is dependent on g protein-mediated activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases. J Biol Chem. 2001 May 11; 276(19):15631-40. PMID: 11278727.
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    275. Stenmark KR. New hope for the treatment of pulmonary hypertension: novel approaches to a complex disease. Pediatr Res. 2000 Oct; 48(4):421. PMID: 11004229.
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    276. Weiser-Evans MC, Schwartz PE, Grieshaber NA, Quinn BE, Grieshaber SS, Belknap JK, Mourani PM, Majack RA, Stenmark KR. Novel embryonic genes are preferentially expressed by autonomously replicating rat embryonic and neointimal smooth muscle cells. Circ Res. 2000 Sep 29; 87(7):608-15. PMID: 11009567.
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    277. Lemler MS, Bies RD, Frid MG, Sastravaha A, Zisman LS, Bohlmeyer T, Gerdes AM, Reeves JT, Stenmark KR. Myocyte cytoskeletal disorganization and right heart failure in hypoxia-induced neonatal pulmonary hypertension. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2000 Sep; 279(3):H1365-76. PMID: 10993804.
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    278. Carpenter TC, Stenmark KR. Endothelin receptor blockade decreases lung water in young rats exposed to viral infection and hypoxia. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2000 Sep; 279(3):L547-54. PMID: 10956630.
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    279. Weiser-Evans MC, Quinn BE, Burkard MR, Stenmark KR. Transient reexpression of an embryonic autonomous growth phenotype by adult carotid artery smooth muscle cells after vascular injury. J Cell Physiol. 2000 Jan; 182(1):12-23. PMID: 10567912.
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    280. Stenmark KR, Bouchey D, Nemenoff R, Dempsey EC, Das M. Hypoxia-induced pulmonary vascular remodeling: contribution of the adventitial fibroblasts. Physiol Res. 2000; 49(5):503-17. PMID: 11191356.
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    281. Das M, Dempsey EC, Bouchey D, Reyland ME, Stenmark KR. Chronic hypoxia induces exaggerated growth responses in pulmonary artery adventitial fibroblasts: potential contribution of specific protein kinase c isozymes. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2000 Jan; 22(1):15-25. PMID: 10615061.
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    282. Frid MG, Aldashev AA, Nemenoff RA, Higashito R, Westcott JY, Stenmark KR. Subendothelial cells from normal bovine arteries exhibit autonomous growth and constitutively activated intracellular signaling. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 1999 Dec; 19(12):2884-93. PMID: 10591665.
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    283. Guldemeester A, Stenmark KR, Brough GH, Stevens T. Mechanisms regulating cAMP-mediated growth of bovine neonatal pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells. Am J Physiol. 1999 06; 276(6):L1010-7. PMID: 10362726.
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    284. Higenbottam T, Stenmark K, Simonneau G. Treatments for severe pulmonary hypertension. Lancet. 1999 Jan 30; 353(9150):338-40. PMID: 9950432.
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    285. Belknap JK, Weiser-Evans MC, Grieshaber SS, Majack RA, Stenmark KR. Relationship between perlecan and tropoelastin gene expression and cell replication in the developing rat pulmonary vasculature. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 1999 Jan; 20(1):24-34. PMID: 9870914.
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    286. Yu AY, Frid MG, Shimoda LA, Wiener CM, Stenmark K, Semenza GL. Temporal, spatial, and oxygen-regulated expression of hypoxia-inducible factor-1 in the lung. Am J Physiol. 1998 10; 275(4):L818-26. PMID: 9755115.
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    287. Stiebellehner L, Belknap JK, Ensley B, Tucker A, Orton EC, Reeves JT, Stenmark KR. Lung endothelial cell proliferation in normal and pulmonary hypertensive neonatal calves. Am J Physiol. 1998 09; 275(3):L593-600. PMID: 9728055.
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    288. Dempsey EC, Das M, Frid MG, Xu Y, Stenmark KR. Hypoxic growth of bovine pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells: dependence on synergy, heterogeneity, and injury-induced phenotypic change. Chest. 1998 Jul; 114(1 Suppl):29S-30S. PMID: 9676612.
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    289. Das M, Stenmark KR, Ruff LJ, Dempsey EC. The Ca2+-dependent isozymes of protein kinase C are uniquely important in the enhanced growth of immature adventitial fibroblasts isolated from the bovine pulmonary arterial wall at a time of heightened susceptibility to vascular injury. Chest. 1998 Jul; 114(1 Suppl):68S-69S. PMID: 9676640.
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    290. Stenmark KR, Frid MG. Smooth muscle cell heterogeneity: role of specific smooth muscle cell subpopulations in pulmonary vascular disease. Chest. 1998 Jul; 114(1 Suppl):82S-90S. PMID: 9676647.
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    291. Frid MG, Aldashev AA, Dempsey EC, Stenmark KR. Smooth muscle cells isolated from discrete compartments of the mature vascular media exhibit unique phenotypes and distinct growth capabilities. Circ Res. 1997 Dec; 81(6):940-52. PMID: 9400374.
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    292. Frid MG, Dempsey EC, Durmowicz AG, Stenmark KR. Smooth muscle cell heterogeneity in pulmonary and systemic vessels. Importance in vascular disease. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 1997 Jul; 17(7):1203-9. PMID: 9261247.
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    293. Dempsey EC, Frid MG, Aldashev AA, Das M, Stenmark KR. Heterogeneity in the proliferative response of bovine pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells to mitogens and hypoxia: importance of protein kinase C. Can J Physiol Pharmacol. 1997 Jul; 75(7):936-44. PMID: 9315363.
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    294. Xu Y, Stenmark KR, Das M, Walchak SJ, Ruff LJ, Dempsey EC. Pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells from chronically hypoxic neonatal calves retain fetal-like and acquire new growth properties. Am J Physiol. 1997 Jul; 273(1 Pt 1):L234-45. PMID: 9252561.
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    295. Morrell NW, Danilov SM, Satyan KB, Morris KG, Stenmark KR. Right ventricular angiotensin converting enzyme activity and expression is increased during hypoxic pulmonary hypertension. Cardiovasc Res. 1997 May; 34(2):393-403. PMID: 9205554.
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    296. Belknap JK, Orton EC, Ensley B, Tucker A, Stenmark KR. Hypoxia increases bromodeoxyuridine labeling indices in bovine neonatal pulmonary arteries. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 1997 Apr; 16(4):366-71. PMID: 9115746.
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    297. Carpenter TC, Stenmark KR. High-dose epinephrine is not superior to standard-dose epinephrine in pediatric in-hospital cardiopulmonary arrest. Pediatrics. 1997 Mar; 99(3):403-8. PMID: 9041296.
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    298. Durmowicz AG, Frid MG, Wohrley JD, Stenmark KR. Expression and localization of tropoelastin mRNA in the developing bovine pulmonary artery is dependent on vascular cell phenotype. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 1996 Jun; 14(6):569-76. PMID: 8652185.
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    299. Morrell NW, Grieshaber SS, Danilov SM, Majack RA, Stenmark KR. Developmental regulation of angiotensin converting enzyme and angiotensin type 1 receptor in the rat pulmonary circulation. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 1996 Jun; 14(6):526-37. PMID: 8652181.
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    300. Dempsey EC, Das M, Frid MG, Stenmark KR. Unique growth properties of neonatal pulmonary vascular cells: importance of time- and site-specific responses, cell-cell interaction, and synergy. J Perinatol. 1996 Mar-Apr; 16(2 Pt 2 Su):S2-11. PMID: 8732542.
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    301. Gray AJ, Park PW, Broekelmann TJ, Laurent GJ, Reeves JT, Stenmark KR, Mecham RP. The mitogenic effects of the B beta chain of fibrinogen are mediated through cell surface calreticulin. J Biol Chem. 1995 Nov 03; 270(44):26602-6. PMID: 7592883.
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    302. Morrell NW, Atochina EN, Morris KG, Danilov SM, Stenmark KR. Angiotensin converting enzyme expression is increased in small pulmonary arteries of rats with hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension. J Clin Invest. 1995 Oct; 96(4):1823-33. PMID: 7560074.
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    303. Wohrley JD, Frid MG, Moiseeva EP, Orton EC, Belknap JK, Stenmark KR. Hypoxia selectively induces proliferation in a specific subpopulation of smooth muscle cells in the bovine neonatal pulmonary arterial media. J Clin Invest. 1995 Jul; 96(1):273-81. PMID: 7615796.
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    304. Durmowicz AG, Parks WC, Hyde DM, Mecham RP, Stenmark KR. Persistence, re-expression, and induction of pulmonary arterial fibronectin, tropoelastin, and type I procollagen mRNA expression in neonatal hypoxic pulmonary hypertension. Am J Pathol. 1994 Dec; 145(6):1411-20. PMID: 7992844.
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    305. Frid MG, Moiseeva EP, Stenmark KR. Multiple phenotypically distinct smooth muscle cell populations exist in the adult and developing bovine pulmonary arterial media in vivo. Circ Res. 1994 Oct; 75(4):669-81. PMID: 7923613.
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    306. Dempsey EC, Badesch DB, Dobyns EL, Stenmark KR. Enhanced growth capacity of neonatal pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells in vitro: dependence on cell size, time from birth, insulin-like growth factor I, and auto-activation of protein kinase C. J Cell Physiol. 1994 Sep; 160(3):469-81. PMID: 8077285.
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    307. Dobyns EL, Wescott JY, Kennaugh JM, Ross MN, Stenmark KR. Eicosanoids decrease with successful extracorporeal membrane oxygenation therapy in neonatal pulmonary hypertension. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1994 Apr; 149(4 Pt 1):873-80. PMID: 8143049.
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    308. Durmowicz AG, Orton EC, Stenmark KR. Progressive loss of vasodilator responsive component of pulmonary hypertension in neonatal calves exposed to 4,570 m. Am J Physiol. 1993 Dec; 265(6 Pt 2):H2175-83. PMID: 8285257.
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    309. Durmowicz AG, Hofmeister S, Kadyraliev TK, Aldashev AA, Stenmark KR. Functional and structural adaptation of the yak pulmonary circulation to residence at high altitude. J Appl Physiol (1985). 1993 May; 74(5):2276-85. PMID: 8335557.
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    310. Orton EC, LaRue SM, Ensley B, Stenmark K. Bromodeoxyuridine labeling and DNA content of pulmonary arterial medial cells from hypoxia-exposed and nonexposed healthy calves. Am J Vet Res. 1992 Oct; 53(10):1925-30. PMID: 1456542.
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    311. Zuckerman BD, Orton EC, Latham LP, Barbiere CC, Stenmark KR, Reeves JT. Pulmonary vascular impedance and wave reflections in the hypoxic calf. J Appl Physiol (1985). 1992 Jun; 72(6):2118-27. PMID: 1629064.
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    312. Botney MD, Parks WC, Crouch EC, Stenmark K, Mecham RP. Transforming growth factor-beta 1 is decreased in remodeling hypertensive bovine pulmonary arteries. J Clin Invest. 1992 May; 89(5):1629-35. PMID: 1569202.
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    313. Abman SH, Stenmark KR. Changes in lung eicosanoid content during normal and abnormal transition in perinatal lambs. Am J Physiol. 1992 Feb; 262(2 Pt 1):L214-22. PMID: 1539677.
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    314. Perkett EA, Badesch DB, Roessler MK, Stenmark KR, Meyrick B. Insulin-like growth factor I and pulmonary hypertension induced by continuous air embolization in sheep. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 1992 Jan; 6(1):82-7. PMID: 1728299.
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    315. Botney M, Parks W, Stenmark K, Mecham R. Determination of transforming growth factor-beta mRNA levels in pulmonary arteries from normal and hypoxic calves. Chest. 1991 Mar; 99(3 Suppl):42S. PMID: 1997268.
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    316. Zuckerman BD, Orton EC, Stenmark KR, Trapp JA, Murphy JR, Coffeen PR, Reeves JT. Alteration of the pulsatile load in the high-altitude calf model of pulmonary hypertension. J Appl Physiol (1985). 1991 Feb; 70(2):859-68. PMID: 2022578.
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    317. Dempsey EC, Stenmark KR, McMurtry IF, O'Brien RF, Voelkel NF, Badesch DB. Insulin-like growth factor I and protein kinase C activation stimulate pulmonary artery smooth muscle cell proliferation through separate but synergistic pathways. J Cell Physiol. 1990 Jul; 144(1):159-65. PMID: 2365741.
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    318. Durmowicz AG, St Cyr JA, Clarke DR, Stenmark KR. Unilateral pulmonary hypertension as a result of chronic high flow to one lung. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1990 Jul; 142(1):230-3. PMID: 1695072.
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    319. Graham LM, Vasil A, Vasil ML, Voelkel NF, Stenmark KR. Decreased pulmonary vasoreactivity in an animal model of chronic Pseudomonas pneumonia. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1990 Jul; 142(1):221-9. PMID: 2368972.
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    320. Bakerman PR, Stenmark KR, Fisher JH. Alpha-skeletal actin messenger RNA increases in acute right ventricular hypertrophy. Am J Physiol. 1990 Apr; 258(4 Pt 1):L173-8. PMID: 2139762.
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    321. Prosser IW, Stenmark KR, Suthar M, Crouch EC, Mecham RP, Parks WC. Regional heterogeneity of elastin and collagen gene expression in intralobar arteries in response to hypoxic pulmonary hypertension as demonstrated by in situ hybridization. Am J Pathol. 1989 Dec; 135(6):1073-88. PMID: 2596571.
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    322. Badesch DB, Orton EC, Zapp LM, Westcott JY, Hester J, Voelkel NF, Stenmark KR. Decreased arterial wall prostaglandin production in neonatal calves with severe chronic pulmonary hypertension. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 1989 Dec; 1(6):489-98. PMID: 2517777.
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    323. Parks WC, Mecham RP, Crouch EC, Orton EC, Stenmark KR. Response of lobar vessels to hypoxic pulmonary hypertension. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1989 Nov; 140(5):1455-7. PMID: 2817612.
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    324. Crouch EC, Parks WC, Rosenbaum JL, Chang D, Whitehouse L, Wu LJ, Stenmark KR, Orton EC, Mecham RP. Regulation of collagen production by medial smooth muscle cells in hypoxic pulmonary hypertension. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1989 Oct; 140(4):1045-51. PMID: 2478055.
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    325. Badesch DB, Lee PD, Parks WC, Stenmark KR. Insulin-like growth factor I stimulates elastin synthesis by bovine pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1989 Apr 14; 160(1):382-7. PMID: 2653320.
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    326. Voelkel NF, Stenmark KR, Westcott JY, Chang SW. Lung eicosanoid metabolism. Clin Chest Med. 1989 Mar; 10(1):95-105. PMID: 2650967.
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    327. Stenmark KR, Orton EC, Reeves JT, Voelkel NF, Crouch EC, Parks WC, Mecham RP. Vascular remodeling in neonatal pulmonary hypertension. Role of the smooth muscle cell. Chest. 1988 Mar; 93(3 Suppl):127S-133S. PMID: 3342691.
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    328. Fan LL, Strain JD, Foley C, Bailey WC, Stenmark KR, Young LW. Radiological case of the month. Giant pulmonary cyst simulating pneumothorax. Am J Dis Child. 1988 Feb; 142(2):189-90. PMID: 3341323.
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    329. Westcott JY, Murphy RC, Stenmark K. Eicosanoids in human ventricular cerebrospinal fluid following severe brain injury. Prostaglandins. 1987 Dec; 34(6):877-87. PMID: 2835791.
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    330. Stenmark KR, Eyzaguirre M, Westcott JY, Henson PM, Murphy RC. Potential role of eicosanoids and PAF in the pathophysiology of bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1987 Sep; 136(3):770-2. PMID: 3631747.
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    331. Fasules JW, Stenmark KR, Henson PM, Voelkel NF, Reeves JT. Neither anticoagulant nor nonanticoagulant heparin affects monocrotaline lung injury. J Appl Physiol (1985). 1987 Feb; 62(2):816-20. PMID: 3104299.
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    332. Stenmark KR, Fasules J, Hyde DM, Voelkel NF, Henson J, Tucker A, Wilson H, Reeves JT. Severe pulmonary hypertension and arterial adventitial changes in newborn calves at 4,300 m. J Appl Physiol (1985). 1987 Feb; 62(2):821-30. PMID: 3558241.
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    333. Westcott JY, Stenmark KR, Murphy RC. Analysis of leukotriene B4 in human lung lavage by HPLC and mass spectrometry. Prostaglandins. 1986 Feb; 31(2):227-37. PMID: 3008216.
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    334. Wescott JY, Balazy M, Stenmark KR, Murphy RC. Analysis of leukotriene D4 in human lung lavage by HPLC, RIA and mass spectrometry. Adv Prostaglandin Thromboxane Leukot Res. 1986; 16:353-61. PMID: 2949560.
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    335. Stenmark KR, Morganroth ML, Remigio LK, Voelkel NF, Murphy RC, Henson PM, Mathias MM, Reeves JT. Alveolar inflammation and arachidonate metabolism in monocrotaline-induced pulmonary hypertension. Am J Physiol. 1985 Jun; 248(6 Pt 2):H859-66. PMID: 3923843.
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    336. Morganroth ML, Stenmark KR, Morris KG, Murphy RC, Mathias M, Reeves JT, Voelkel NF. Diethylcarbamazine inhibits acute and chronic hypoxic pulmonary hypertension in awake rats. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1985 Apr; 131(4):488-92. PMID: 3994144.
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    337. Morganroth ML, Stenmark KR, Zirrolli JA, Mauldin R, Mathias M, Reeves JT, Murphy RC, Voelkel NF. Leukotriene C4 production during hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction in isolated rat lungs. Prostaglandins. 1984 Dec; 28(6):867-75. PMID: 6522621.
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    338. Voelkel NF, Stenmark KR, Reeves JT, Mathias MM, Murphy RC. Actions of lipoxygenase metabolites in isolated rat lungs. J Appl Physiol Respir Environ Exerc Physiol. 1984 Sep; 57(3):860-7. PMID: 6436213.
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    339. Sugita T, Stenmark KR, Wagner WW, Henson PM, Henson JE, Hyers TM, Reeves JT. Abnormal alveolar cells in monocrotaline induced pulmonary hypertension. Exp Lung Res. 1983 Nov; 5(3):201-15. PMID: 6418536.
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    340. Stenmark KR, James SL, Voelkel NF, Toews WH, Reeves JT, Murphy RC. Leukotriene C4 and D4 in neonates with hypoxemia and pulmonary hypertension. N Engl J Med. 1983 Jul 14; 309(2):77-80. PMID: 6855869.
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    341. Voelkel NF, Morganroth M, Stenmark K, Feddersen OC, Murphy RC, Reeves JT. Leukotrienes in the lung circulation: actions and interactions. Prog Clin Biol Res. 1983; 136:141-53. PMID: 6364161.
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