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Vijay R Ramakrishnan

TitleAssociate Professor
InstitutionUniversity of Colorado Denver - Anschutz Medical Campus
DepartmentSOM-Otolaryngology
Phone3037241966

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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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    1. Maxwell AK, Barham HP, Getz AE, Kingdom TT, Ramakrishnan VR. Landmarks for rapid localization of the sphenopalatine foramen: A radiographic morphometric analysis. Allergy Rhinol (Providence). 2017 Jun 01; 8(2):63-66. PMID: 28583229.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Ramakrishnan VR, Milam BM. Ergonomic analysis of the surgical position in functional endoscopic sinus surgery. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2017 Jun; 7(6):570-575. PMID: 28296272.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Edward JA, Sanyal M, Le W, Soudry E, Ramakrishnan VR, Bravo DT, Nguyen AL, Zarabanda D, Kingdom TT, Hwang PH, Garrison Fathman C, Nayak JV. Selective expansion of human regulatory T cells in nasal polyps, and not adjacent tissue microenvironments, in individual patients exposed to steroids. Clin Immunol. 2017 Jun; 179:66-76. PMID: 28279811.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Vickery TW, Ramakrishnan VR. Bacterial Pathogens and the Microbiome. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2017 Feb; 50(1):29-47. PMID: 27888914.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Ramakrishnan VR, Mace JC, Soler ZM, Smith TL. Examination of high-antibiotic users in a multi-institutional cohort of chronic rhinosinusitis patients. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2017 Apr; 7(4):343-351. PMID: 28084683.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Ramakrishnan VR, Terella AM, Poonia S, Chiu AG, Palmer JN. Osseous Repair in Minimally Invasive Reconstruction of Anterior Skull Base Defects. J Craniofac Surg. 2017 Jan; 28(1):36-39. PMID: 27875509.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Vickery TW, Kofonow JM, Ramakrishnan VR. Characterization of Sinus Microbiota by 16S Sequencing from Swabs. Methods Mol Biol. 2017; 1616:23-38. PMID: 28600760.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Alt JA, Ramakrishnan VR, Platt MP, Kohli P, Storck KA, Schlosser RJ, Soler ZM. Sleep quality outcomes after medical and surgical management of chronic rhinosinusitis. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2017 Feb; 7(2):113-118. PMID: 27673437.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Ramakrishnan VR, Gitomer S, Kofonow JM, Robertson CE, Frank DN. Investigation of sinonasal microbiome spatial organization in chronic rhinosinusitis. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2017 Jan; 7(1):16-23. PMID: 27627048.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Youssef AS, Sampath R, Freeman JL, Mattingly JK, Ramakrishnan VR. Unilateral endonasal transcribriform approach with septal transposition for olfactory groove meningioma: can olfaction be preserved? Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2016 Oct; 158(10):1965-72. PMID: 27562683.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Mattingly JK, Ramakrishnan VR. Rhinocerebral Mucormycosis of the Optic Nerve. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016 Nov; 155(5):888-889. PMID: 27352893.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Freeman JL, Sampath R, Casey MA, Quattlebaum SC, Ramakrishnan VR, Youssef AS. Transposition of the paraclival carotid artery: a novel concept of self-retaining vascular retraction during endoscopic endonasal skull base surgery technical report. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2016 Aug; 158(8):1625-9. PMID: 27339269.
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    13. Hauser LJ, Ir D, Kingdom TT, Robertson CE, Frank DN, Ramakrishnan VR. Evaluation of bacterial transmission to the paranasal sinuses through sinus irrigation. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2016 Aug; 6(8):800-6. PMID: 26990369.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Gitomer SA, Fountain CR, Kingdom TT, Getz AE, Sillau SH, Katial RK, Ramakrishnan VR. Clinical Examination of Tissue Eosinophilia in Patients with Chronic Rhinosinusitis and Nasal Polyposis. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016 Jul; 155(1):173-8. PMID: 26980909.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Rosen SA, Getz AE, Kingdom T, Youssef AS, Ramakrishnan VR. Systematic review of the effectiveness of perioperative prophylactic antibiotics for skull base surgeries. Am J Rhinol Allergy. 2016 Mar-Apr; 30(2):e10-6. PMID: 26980379.
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    16. Suh JD, Kuan EC, Thompson CF, Scawn RL, Feinstein AJ, Barham HP, Kingdom TT, Ramakrishnan VR. Using fixed anatomical landmarks to avoid medial rectus injury: a radiographic analysis in patients with and without Graves' disease. Am J Otolaryngol. 2016 Jul-Aug; 37(4):334-8. PMID: 27040416.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Orlandi RR, Kingdom TT, Hwang PH, Smith TL, Alt JA, Baroody FM, Batra PS, Bernal-Sprekelsen M, Bhattacharyya N, Chandra RK, Chiu A, Citardi MJ, Cohen NA, DelGaudio J, Desrosiers M, Dhong HJ, Douglas R, Ferguson B, Fokkens WJ, Georgalas C, Goldberg A, Gosepath J, Hamilos DL, Han JK, Harvey R, Hellings P, Hopkins C, Jankowski R, Javer AR, Kern R, Kountakis S, Kowalski ML, Lane A, Lanza DC, Lebowitz R, Lee HM, Lin SY, Lund V, Luong A, Mann W, Marple BF, McMains KC, Metson R, Naclerio R, Nayak JV, Otori N, Palmer JN, Parikh SR, Passali D, Peters A, Piccirillo J, Poetker DM, Psaltis AJ, Ramadan HH, Ramakrishnan VR, Riechelmann H, Roh HJ, Rudmik L, Sacks R, Schlosser RJ, Senior BA, Sindwani R, Stankiewicz JA, Stewart M, Tan BK, Toskala E, Voegels R, Wang de Y, Weitzel EK, Wise S, Woodworth BA, Wormald PJ, Wright ED, Zhou B, Kennedy DW. International Consensus Statement on Allergy and Rhinology: Rhinosinusitis. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2016 Feb; 6 Suppl 1:S22-209. PMID: 26889651.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Ramakrishnan VR, Hauser LJ, Frank DN. The sinonasal bacterial microbiome in health and disease. Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016 Feb; 24(1):20-5. PMID: 26575518; PMCID: PMC4751043.
    19. Barham HP, Ramakrishnan VR, Knisely A, Do TQ, Chan LS, Gunaratne DA, Weston JD, Seneviratne S, Marcells GN, Sacks R, Harvey RJ. Frontal sinus surgery and sinus distribution of nasal irrigation. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2016 Mar; 6(3):238-42. PMID: 26750306.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Lee JT, Frank DN, Ramakrishnan V. Microbiome of the paranasal sinuses: Update and literature review. Am J Rhinol Allergy. 2016 Jan-Feb; 30(1):3-16. PMID: 26867525.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Soler ZM, Smith TL, Alt JA, Ramakrishnan VR, Mace JC, Schlosser RJ. Olfactory-specific quality of life outcomes after endoscopic sinus surgery. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2016 Apr; 6(4):407-13. PMID: 26678351; PMCID: PMC4818697 [Available on 04/01/17].
    22. Bleier BS, Castelnuovo P, Battaglia P, Turri-Zanoni M, Dallan I, Metson R, Sedaghat AR, Stefko ST, Gardner PA, Snyderman CH, Nogueira JF, Ramakrishnan VR, Muscatello L, Lenzi R, Freitag S. Endoscopic endonasal orbital cavernous hemangioma resection: global experience in techniques and outcomes. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2016 Feb; 6(2):156-61. PMID: 26623968.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Cooper SE, Durairaj VD, Ramakrishnan VR. Infectious Complication Following Midface Reconstruction With Calcified Triglyceride. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg. 2015 Nov-Dec; 31(6):e157-9. PMID: 24901377.
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    24. Hauser LJ, Ir D, Kingdom TT, Robertson CE, Frank DN, Ramakrishnan VR. Investigation of bacterial repopulation after sinus surgery and perioperative antibiotics. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2016 Jan; 6(1):34-40. PMID: 26388320.
      View in: PubMed
    25. Ramakrishnan VR, Frank DN. Impact of cigarette smoking on the middle meatus microbiome in health and chronic rhinosinusitis. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2015 Nov; 5(11):981-9. PMID: 26272413.
      View in: PubMed
    26. Ramakrishnan VR, Kingdom TT. Does Image-Guided Surgery Reduce Complications? Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2015 Oct; 48(5):851-9. PMID: 26119761.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Ramakrishnan VR, Hauser LJ, Feazel LM, Ir D, Robertson CE, Frank DN. Sinus microbiota varies among chronic rhinosinusitis phenotypes and predicts surgical outcome. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2015 Aug; 136(2):334-42.e1. PMID: 25819063.
      View in: PubMed
    28. DeConde AS, Suh JD, Ramakrishnan VR. Treatment of cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea. Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2015 Feb; 23(1):59-64. PMID: 25502602.
      View in: PubMed
    29. McConnell B, Said MS, Ramakrishnan VR. Nasal septal perforation associated with pyoderma gangrenosum. Allergy Rhinol (Providence). 2015 Jan; 6(2):122-4. PMID: 26302733; PMCID: PMC4541633.
    30. Gitomer SA, Ramakrishnan VR, Malcolm KC, Kofonow JM, Ir D, Frank DN. Initial investigation of small colony variants of Staphylococcus aureus in chronic rhinosinusitis. Am J Rhinol Allergy. 2015 Jan-Feb; 29(1):29-34. PMID: 25590313.
      View in: PubMed
    31. Suh JD, Ramakrishnan VR, Thompson CF, Woodworth BA, Adappa ND, Nayak J, Lee JM, Lee JT, Chiu AG, Palmer JN. Inverted papilloma of the sphenoid sinus: risk factors for disease recurrence. Laryngoscope. 2015 Mar; 125(3):544-8. PMID: 25418985.
      View in: PubMed
    32. Hauser LJ, Feazel LM, Ir D, Fang R, Wagner BD, Robertson CE, Frank DN, Ramakrishnan VR. Sinus culture poorly predicts resident microbiota. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2015 Jan; 5(1):3-9. PMID: 25278448.
      View in: PubMed
    33. Ferril GR, Nick JA, Getz AE, Barham HP, Saavedra MT, Taylor-Cousar JL, Nichols DP, Curran-Everett D, Kingdom TT, Ramakrishnan VR. Comparison of radiographic and clinical characteristics of low-risk and high-risk cystic fibrosis genotypes. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2014 Nov; 4(11):915-20. PMID: 25224556.
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    34. Hauser LJ, Chiang T, Ramakrishnan VR, Lovell MA, Kelley PE. Parapharyngeal and skull base yolk sac tumor: a case report with lessons in diagnosis and management. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2014 Nov; 78(11):2003-6. PMID: 25200853.
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    35. Barham HP, Gould EA, Ramakrishnan VR. Swing technique for middle turbinate preservation in expanded endonasal skull base approaches. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2014 Jul; 4(7):583-6. PMID: 24719026; PMCID: PMC4783157.
    36. Wei LA, Ramey NA, Durairaj VD, Ramakrishnan VR, Cruz AV, Dolman PJ, Lucarelli MJ. Orbital osteoma: clinical features and management options. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg. 2014 Mar-Apr; 30(2):168-74. PMID: 24614547.
      View in: PubMed
    37. Ramakrishnan VR. Editorial: Insights into disease pathogenesis and novel therapeutics. Am J Rhinol Allergy. 2014 Mar-Apr; 28(2):93-4. PMID: 24717940; PMCID: PMC4374135.
    38. Beckmann N, Ponnappan A, Campana J, Ramakrishnan VR. Posterior septal resection: a simple surgical option for management of nasal septal perforation. JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2014 Feb; 140(2):150-4. PMID: 24337531.
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    39. Ung TH, Waziri AE, Ramakrishnan VR. Preoperative ethmoid artery ligation facilitates resection of large sub-frontal meningiomas. Am J Otolaryngol. 2014 May-Jun; 35(3):424-6. PMID: 24499924.
      View in: PubMed
    40. Ramakrishnan VR, Feazel LM, Gitomer SA, Ir D, Robertson CE, Frank DN. The microbiome of the middle meatus in healthy adults. PLoS One. 2013; 8(12):e85507. PMID: 24386477; PMCID: PMC3875580.
    41. Edward JA, Sanyal M, Ramakrishnan VR, Le W, Nguyen AL, Kingdom TT, Hwang PH, Nayak JV. Systemic prednisone administration selectively alters granulocyte subsets in nasal polyps from aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease and chronic rhinosinusitis patients. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2013 Nov; 3(11):866-76. PMID: 24106221.
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    42. Miller C, Suh JD, Henriquez OA, Schlosser RJ, Ramakrishnan VR, Chiu AG. Prognosis for sixth nerve palsy arising from paranasal sinus disease. Am J Rhinol Allergy. 2013 Sep-Oct; 27(5):432-5. PMID: 24119609.
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    43. Fountain CR, Mudd PA, Ramakrishnan VR, Sillau SH, Kingdom TT, Katial RK. Characterization and treatment of patients with chronic rhinosinusitis and nasal polyps. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2013 Nov; 111(5):337-41. PMID: 24125137.
      View in: PubMed
    44. Ramakrishnan VR, Lee JY, O'Malley BW, Palmer JN, Chiu AG. 18-FDG-PET in the initial staging of sinonasal malignancy. Laryngoscope. 2013 Dec; 123(12):2962-6. PMID: 23877974.
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    45. Ramakrishnan VR, Ferril GR, Suh JD, Woodson T, Green TJ, Kingdom TT. Upper and lower airways associations in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis and bronchiectasis. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2013 Nov; 3(11):921-7. PMID: 23881553.
      View in: PubMed
    46. Harasaki Y, Pettijohn KJ, Waziri A, Ramakrishnan VR. Frontoethmoid osteoma with pneumocephalus: options for surgical management. J Craniofac Surg. 2013 May; 24(3):953-6. PMID: 23714919.
      View in: PubMed
    47. Ramakrishnan VR, Montero PN. Ergonomic considerations in endoscopic sinus surgery: lessons learned from laparoscopic surgeons. Am J Rhinol Allergy. 2013 May-Jun; 27(3):245-50. PMID: 23710962.
      View in: PubMed
    48. Ramakrishnan VR, Suh JD, Lee JY, O'Malley BW, Grady MS, Palmer JN. Sphenoid sinus anatomy and suprasellar extension of pituitary tumors. J Neurosurg. 2013 Sep; 119(3):669-74. PMID: 23621599.
      View in: PubMed
    49. Barham HP, Cooper SE, Anderson CB, Tizzano M, Kingdom TT, Finger TE, Kinnamon SC, Ramakrishnan VR. Solitary chemosensory cells and bitter taste receptor signaling in human sinonasal mucosa. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2013 Jun; 3(6):450-7. PMID: 23404938; PMCID: PMC3655139.
    50. Barham HP, Said S, Ramakrishnan VR. Colliding tumor of the paranasal sinus. Allergy Rhinol (Providence). 2013; 4(1):e13-6. PMID: 23772319; PMCID: PMC3679560.
    51. Suh JD, Ramakrishnan VR, Chi JJ, Palmer JN, Chiu AG. Outcomes and complications of endoscopic approaches for malignancies of the paranasal sinuses and anterior skull base. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2013 Jan; 122(1):54-9. PMID: 23472317.
      View in: PubMed
    52. Ramakrishnan JB, Kingdom TT, Ramakrishnan VR. Allergic rhinitis and chronic rhinosinusitis: their impact on lower airways. Immunol Allergy Clin North Am. 2013 Feb; 33(1):45-60. PMID: 23337064.
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    53. Ramakrishnan VR, Waziri A. Postoperative care following skull base reconstruction. Adv Otorhinolaryngol. 2013; 74:138-47. PMID: 23257560.
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    54. Suh JD, Ramakrishnan V, Lee JY, Chiu AG. Bilateral silent sinus syndrome. Ear Nose Throat J. 2012 Dec; 91(12):E19-21. PMID: 23288826.
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    55. Scapa VI, Ramakrishnan VR, Kingdom TT. Upregulation of Bcl-2 in nasal polyps from patients with cystic fibrosis. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2013 Mar; 3(3):199-203. PMID: 23135964.
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    56. Ramakrishnan VR, Feazel LM, Abrass LJ, Frank DN. Prevalence and abundance of Staphylococcus aureus in the middle meatus of patients with chronic rhinosinusitis, nasal polyps, and asthma. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2013 Apr; 3(4):267-71. PMID: 23055295.
      View in: PubMed
    57. Ramakrishnan VR, Orlandi RR, Citardi MJ, Smith TL, Fried MP, Kingdom TT. The use of image-guided surgery in endoscopic sinus surgery: an evidence-based review with recommendations. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2013 Mar; 3(3):236-41. PMID: 23044799.
      View in: PubMed
    58. Cooper SE, Ramakrishnan VR. Direct cauterization of the nasal septal artery for epistaxis. Laryngoscope. 2012 Apr; 122(4):738-40. PMID: 22434678.
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    59. Suh JD, Ramakrishnan VR, DeConde AS. Nasal floor free mucosal graft for skull base reconstruction and cerebrospinal fluid leak repair. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2012 Feb; 121(2):91-5. PMID: 22397216.
      View in: PubMed
    60. Feazel LM, Robertson CE, Ramakrishnan VR, Frank DN. Microbiome complexity and Staphylococcus aureus in chronic rhinosinusitis. Laryngoscope. 2012 Feb; 122(2):467-72. PMID: 22253013; PMCID: PMC3398802.
    61. Weitzel NS, Ramakrishnan V, Weyant M, Puskas F. Laryngotracheal stenosis: clinical manifestations and management. Semin Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2011 Dec; 15(4):169-75. PMID: 22109532.
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    62. Ramakrishnan VR, Kingdom TT, Nayak JV, Hwang PH, Orlandi RR. Nationwide incidence of major complications in endoscopic sinus surgery. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2012 Jan-Feb; 2(1):34-9. PMID: 22311839.
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    63. Suh JD, Ramakrishnan VR, Tajudeen B, Reger C, Kennedy DW, Chiu AG. Identification and treatment of nontuberculous Mycobacterium sinusitis. Am J Rhinol Allergy. 2011 Nov-Dec; 25(6):421-4. PMID: 22185748.
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    64. Suh JD, Ramakrishnan V, Chiu AG. The role of topical therapies in the treatment of chronic rhinosinusitis. Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. 2011 Nov-Dec; 77(6):680-1. PMID: 22183271.
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    65. Lee JY, Ramakrishnan VR, Chiu AG, Palmer J, Gausas RE. Endoscopic endonasal surgical resection of tumors of the medial orbital apex and wall. Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 2012 Jan; 114(1):93-8. PMID: 21996582.
      View in: PubMed
    66. Suh JD, Ramakrishnan VR, Zhang PJ, Wu AW, Wang MB, Palmer JN, Chiu AG. Diagnosis and endoscopic management of sinonasal schwannomas. ORL J Otorhinolaryngol Relat Spec. 2011; 73(6):308-12. PMID: 21986025.
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    67. Mudd PA, Katial RK, Alam R, Hohensee S, Ramakrishnan V, Kingdom TT. Variations in expression of matrix metalloproteinase-9 and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 in nasal mucosa of aspirin-sensitive versus aspirin-tolerant patients with nasal polyposis. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2011 Oct; 107(4):353-9. PMID: 21962096; PMCID: PMC3370417.
    68. Feazel LM, Frank DN, Ramakrishnan VR. Update on bacterial detection methods in chronic rhinosinusitis: implications for clinicians and research scientists. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2011 Nov-Dec; 1(6):451-9. PMID: 22144054.
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    69. Ramakrishnan VR, Kennedy DW. Advances in the surgical management of chronic sinusitis and nasal polyps. Curr Allergy Asthma Rep. 2011 Jun; 11(3):220-9. PMID: 21302005.
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    70. Ramakrishnan VR, Suh JD, Chiu AG, Palmer JN. Reliability of preoperative assessment of cerebrospinal fluid pressure in the management of spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid leaks and encephaloceles. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2011 May-Jun; 1(3):201-5. PMID: 22287374.
      View in: PubMed
    71. Ramakrishnan VR, Suh JD, Kennedy DW. Ethmoid skull-base height: a clinically relevant method of evaluation. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2011 Sep-Oct; 1(5):396-400. PMID: 22287472.
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    72. Ramakrishnan VR, Suh JD, Chiu AG, Palmer JN. Septal dislocation for endoscopic access of the anterolateral maxillary sinus and infratemporal fossa. Am J Rhinol Allergy. 2011 Mar-Apr; 25(2):128-30. PMID: 21679518.
      View in: PubMed
    73. Scapa VI, Ramakrishnan VR, Mudd PA, Kingdom TT. Upregulation of RANTES in nasal polyps from patients with cystic fibrosis. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2011 May-Jun; 1(3):157-60. PMID: 22287365.
      View in: PubMed
    74. Ramakrishnan VR, Suh JD, Chiu AG, Palmer JN. Addition of a minimally invasive medial orbital approach in the endoscopic management of advanced sino-orbital disease: cadaver study with clinical correlations. Laryngoscope. 2011 Feb; 121(2):437-41. PMID: 21271602.
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    75. Ramakrishnan VR, Suh JD. How necessary are postoperative debridements after endoscopic sinus surgery?1. Laryngoscope. 2011 Jan; 121(1):8-9. PMID: 21181980.
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    76. Ramakrishnan VR, Palmer JN. Prevention and management of orbital hematoma. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2010 Aug; 43(4):789-800. PMID: 20599083.
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    77. Suh JD, Ramakrishnan V, Palmer JN. Biofilms. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2010 Jun; 43(3):521-30, viii. PMID: 20525507.
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    78. Ramakrishnan VR, Yao W, Campana JP. Improved skin paddle survival in pectoralis major myocutaneous flap reconstruction of head and neck defects. Arch Facial Plast Surg. 2009 Sep-Oct; 11(5):306-10. PMID: 19797092.
      View in: PubMed
    79. Ramakrishnan VR, Said S, Kingdom TT. Primary leiomyosarcoma of the sphenoid sinus. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2009 Sep; 135(9):949-52. PMID: 19770434.
      View in: PubMed
    80. Ramakrishnan VR, Hink EM, Durairaj VD, Kingdom TT. Outcomes after endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy without mucosal flap preservation. Am J Rhinol. 2007 Nov-Dec; 21(6):753-7. PMID: 18201460.
      View in: PubMed
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