Colorado PROFILES, The Colorado Clinical and Translational Sciences Institute (CCTSI)
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Robert Steven Schwartz

TitleProfessor
InstitutionUniversity of Colorado Denver - Anschutz Medical Campus
DepartmentSOM-MED
Phone303/724-1919
    Other Positions
    TitleProfessor Adjunct
    InstitutionUniversity of Colorado Boulder
    DepartmentIntegrative Physiology

    TitleProfessor
    InstitutionUniversity of Colorado Denver - Anschutz Medical Campus
    DepartmentSOM-MED
    DivisionGeriatrics


    Collapse Research 
    Collapse research activities and funding
    R01AG008673     (SCHWARTZ, ROBERT S)May 1, 1991 - Apr 30, 1995
    NIH/NIA
    ADIPOSE DISTRIBUTION AND ADRENERGIC MECHANISMS IN AGING
    Role: Principal Investigator

    R01AG010943     (SCHWARTZ, ROBERT S)Sep 1, 1992 - Jun 30, 2000
    NIH/NIA
    GROWTH FACTORS AND EXERCISE IN OLDER WOMEN
    Role: Principal Investigator

    R01AG019339     (SCHWARTZ, ROBERT S)Apr 1, 2001 - Apr 30, 2010
    NIH/NIA
    Testosterone Supplementation and Exercise in Elderly Men
    Role: Principal Investigator

    T32AG000279     (SCHWARTZ, ROBERT S)May 1, 2001 - Apr 30, 2018
    NIH/NIA
    Integrative Physiology of Aging Training Grant
    Role: Principal Investigator

    R01AG028746     (SCHWARTZ, ROBERT S)Aug 1, 2008 - Jun 30, 2013
    NIH/NIA
    Pioglitazone &Exercise Effects on Older Aldults with MCI and Metabolic Syndrome
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse selected publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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    1. Roberts WO, Schwartz RS, Garberich RF, Carlson S, Knickelbine T, Schwartz JG, Peichel G, Lesser JR, Wickstrom K, Harris KM. Fifty Men, 3510 Marathons, Cardiac Risk Factors, and Coronary Artery Calcium Scores. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2017 Jul 17. PMID: 28719492.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Lum HD, Sudore RL, Matlock DD, Juarez-Colunga E, Jones J, Nowels M, Schwartz RS, Kutner JS, Levy CR. A Group Visit Initiative Improves Advance Care Planning Documentation among Older Adults in Primary Care. J Am Board Fam Med. 2017 Jul-Aug; 30(4):480-490. PMID: 28720629.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Roberts WO, Schwartz RS, Kraus SM, Schwartz JG, Peichel G, Garberich RF, Lesser JR, Oesterle SN, Wickstrom KK, Knickelbine T, Harris KM. Long-Term Marathon Running Is Associated with Low Coronary Plaque Formation in Women. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2017 Apr; 49(4):641-645. PMID: 27824692.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Tokede O, Jadotte YT, Nkemjika S, Holly C, Cohen P, Schwartz R, Watkins A, Dellavalle R. Effectiveness of Mohs micrographic surgery for nonmelanoma skin cancer: a systematic review protocol. JBI Database System Rev Implement Rep. 2017 Mar; 15(3):666-675. PMID: 28267028.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Ginde AA, Blatchford P, Breese K, Zarrabi L, Linnebur SA, Wallace JI, Schwartz RS. High-Dose Monthly Vitamin D for Prevention of Acute Respiratory Infection in Older Long-Term Care Residents: A Randomized Clinical Trial. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2017 Mar; 65(3):496-503. PMID: 27861708.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Nemoto N, Schwartz JG, Lesser JR, Pedersen WD, Sorajja P, Garberich R, Spinner EM, Schwartz RS. The right atrium and tricuspid annulus are cardinal structures in tricuspid regurgitation with or without pulmonary hypertension. Int J Cardiol. 2017 Mar 01; 230:171-174. PMID: 27979575.
      View in: PubMed
    7. VonAchen P, Hamann J, Houghland T, Lesser JR, Wang Y, Caye D, Rosenthal K, Garberich RF, Daniels M, Schwartz RS. Accessory renal arteries: Prevalence in resistant hypertension and an important role in nonresponse to radiofrequency renal denervation. Cardiovasc Revasc Med. 2016 Oct - Nov; 17(7):470-473. PMID: 27493150.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Lum HD, Jones J, Matlock DD, Glasgow RE, Lobo I, Levy CR, Schwartz RS, Sudore RL, Kutner JS. Advance Care Planning Meets Group Medical Visits: The Feasibility of Promoting Conversations. Ann Fam Med. 2016 Mar; 14(2):125-32. PMID: 26951587.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Burke RE, Whitfield EA, Hittle D, Min SJ, Levy C, Prochazka AV, Coleman EA, Schwartz R, Ginde AA. Hospital Readmission From Post-Acute Care Facilities: Risk Factors, Timing, and Outcomes. J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2016 Mar 01; 17(3):249-55. PMID: 26715357; PMCID: PMC4847128 [Available on 03/01/17].
    10. Howell KW, Cleveland JC, Meng X, Ao L, Su X, Schwartz RS, Fullerton DA. Interleukin 6 production during cardiac surgery correlates with increasing age. J Surg Res. 2016 Mar; 201(1):76-81. PMID: 26850187.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Shea KL, Gavin KM, Melanson EL, Gibbons E, Stavros A, Wolfe P, Kittelson JM, Vondracek SF, Schwartz RS, Wierman ME, Kohrt WM. Body composition and bone mineral density after ovarian hormone suppression with or without estradiol treatment. Menopause. 2015 Oct; 22(10):1045-52. PMID: 25783468; PMCID: PMC4760356 [Available on 10/01/16].
    12. Melanson EL, Gavin KM, Shea KL, Wolfe P, Wierman ME, Schwartz RS, Kohrt WM. Regulation of energy expenditure by estradiol in premenopausal women. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2015 Nov 01; 119(9):975-81. PMID: 26338457; PMCID: PMC4628992 [Available on 11/01/16].
    13. Nemoto N, Lesser JR, Pedersen WR, Sorajja P, Spinner E, Garberich RF, Vock DM, Schwartz RS. Pathogenic structural heart changes in early tricuspid regurgitation. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2015 Aug; 150(2):323-30. PMID: 26050849.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Hildreth KL, Van Pelt RE, Moreau KL, Grigsby J, Hoth KF, Pelak V, Anderson CA, Parnes B, Kittelson J, Wolfe P, Nakamura T, Linnebur SA, Trujillo JM, Aquilante CL, Schwartz RS. Effects of pioglitazone or exercise in older adults with mild cognitive impairment and insulin resistance: a pilot study. Dement Geriatr Cogn Dis Extra. 2015 Jan-Apr; 5(1):51-63. PMID: 25852732; PMCID: PMC4361908.
    15. Burke RE, Rooks SP, Levy C, Schwartz R, Ginde AA. Identifying Potentially Preventable Emergency Department Visits by Nursing Home Residents in the United States. J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2015 May 01; 16(5):395-9. PMID: 25703449; PMCID: PMC4417032.
    16. Jankowski CM, Shea K, Barry DW, Linnebur SA, Wolfe P, Kittelson J, Schwartz RS, Kohrt WM. Timing of Ibuprofen Use and Musculoskeletal Adaptations to Exercise Training in Older Adults. Bone Rep. 2015 Jan 01; 1:1-8. PMID: 25642444.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Stark MM, Schwartz RS, Satran D, Lesser JR, Sharkey SW, Garberich RF, Solie CJ, Longe TF, Flygenring BP, Lin D, Larson DM, Henry TD. "No culprit" ST-elevation myocardial infarction: role of cardiac magnetic resonance imaging. Crit Pathw Cardiol. 2014 Dec; 13(4):135-40. PMID: 25396289.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Pedersen WR, Goldenberg IF, Pedersen CW, Lesser A, Harris KM, Lesser JR, Garberich RF, Schwartz JG, Shank E, Schwartz RS. Balloon aortic valvuloplasty in high risk aortic stenosis patients with left ventricular ejection fractions <20%. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2014 Nov 01; 84(5):824-31. PMID: 24323518.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Betz ME, Jones J, Genco E, Carr DB, DiGuiseppi C, Haukoos JS, Lowenstein SR, Schwartz R. Perspectives on Tiered Older Driver Assessment in Primary Care Settings. Gerontologist. 2016 Apr; 56(2):272-81. PMID: 24793645.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Casey BA, Kohrt WM, Schwartz RS, Van Pelt RE. Subcutaneous adipose tissue insulin resistance is associated with visceral adiposity in postmenopausal women. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2014 Jun; 22(6):1458-63. PMID: 24420961; PMCID: PMC4037374.
    21. Van Pelt RE, Gozansky WS, Wolfe P, Kittelson JM, Jankowski CM, Schwartz RS, Kohrt WM. Estrogen or raloxifene during postmenopausal weight loss: adiposity and cardiometabolic outcomes. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2014 Apr; 22(4):1024-31. PMID: 24311443; PMCID: PMC3968229.
    22. Justice JN, Pierpoint LA, Mani D, Schwartz RS, Enoka RM. Motor function is associated with 1,25(OH)(2)D and indices of insulin-glucose dynamics in non-diabetic older adults. Aging Clin Exp Res. 2014 Jun; 26(3):249-54. PMID: 24155214.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Broccardo CJ, Schauer KL, Kohrt WM, Schwartz RS, Murphy JP, Prenni JE. Multiplexed analysis of steroid hormones in human serum using novel microflow tile technology and LC-MS/MS. J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2013 Sep 01; 934:16-21. PMID: 23891914; PMCID: PMC4391816.
    24. Betz ME, Jones J, Petroff E, Schwartz R. "I wish we could normalize driving health:" a qualitative study of clinician discussions with older drivers. J Gen Intern Med. 2013 Dec; 28(12):1573-80. PMID: 23715688; PMCID: PMC3832716.
    25. Ginde AA, Moss M, Shapiro NI, Schwartz RS. Impact of older age and nursing home residence on clinical outcomes of US emergency department visits for severe sepsis. J Crit Care. 2013 Oct; 28(5):606-11. PMID: 23683561; PMCID: PMC3770757.
    26. Bank A, Wickstrom K, Handran C, Burkhoff D, Lesser JR, Schwartz RS. Modeling left atrial volume, shape, and contraction patterns in normal subjects by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging. Int J Cardiol. 2013 Oct 09; 168(4):3348-50. PMID: 23669106.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Hildreth KL, Barry DW, Moreau KL, Vande Griend J, Meacham RB, Nakamura T, Wolfe P, Kohrt WM, Ruscin JM, Kittelson J, Cress ME, Ballard R, Schwartz RS. Effects of testosterone and progressive resistance exercise in healthy, highly functioning older men with low-normal testosterone levels. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2013 May; 98(5):1891-900. PMID: 23533227; PMCID: PMC3644594.
    28. Jankowski CM, Gozansky WS, MacLean PS, Shulman B, Wolfe P, Schwartz RS, Kohrt WM. N-acetyl-4-aminophenol and musculoskeletal adaptations to resistance exercise training. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2013 May; 113(5):1127-36. PMID: 23108581; PMCID: PMC3584202.
    29. Lansky A, Elashoff MR, Ng V, McPherson J, Lazar D, Kraus WE, Voros S, Schwartz RS, Topol EJ. A gender-specific blood-based gene expression score for assessing obstructive coronary artery disease in nondiabetic patients: results of the Personalized Risk Evaluation and Diagnosis in the Coronary Tree (PREDICT) trial. Am Heart J. 2012 Sep; 164(3):320-6. PMID: 22980297.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Schenkman M, Hall DA, Barón AE, Schwartz RS, Mettler P, Kohrt WM. Exercise for people in early- or mid-stage Parkinson disease: a 16-month randomized controlled trial. Phys Ther. 2012 Nov; 92(11):1395-410. PMID: 22822237; PMCID: PMC3488266.
    31. Stevens-Lapsley JE, Balter JE, Wolfe P, Eckhoff DG, Schwartz RS, Schenkman M, Kohrt WM. Relationship between intensity of quadriceps muscle neuromuscular electrical stimulation and strength recovery after total knee arthroplasty. Phys Ther. 2012 Sep; 92(9):1187-96. PMID: 22652985; PMCID: PMC3432951.
    32. Betz ME, Lowenstein SR, Schwartz R. Older adult opinions of "advance driving directives". J Prim Care Community Health. 2013 Jan; 4(1):14-27. PMID: 23799685.
      View in: PubMed
    33. Rosenberg S, Elashoff MR, Lieu HD, Brown BO, Kraus WE, Schwartz RS, Voros S, Ellis SG, Waksman R, McPherson JA, Lansky AJ, Topol EJ. Whole blood gene expression testing for coronary artery disease in nondiabetic patients: major adverse cardiovascular events and interventions in the PREDICT trial. J Cardiovasc Transl Res. 2012 Jun; 5(3):366-74. PMID: 22396313; PMCID: PMC3349850.
    34. Maggio M, Nicolini F, Cattabiani C, Beghi C, Gherli T, Schwartz RS, Valenti G, Ceda GP. Effects of testosterone supplementation on clinical and rehabilitative outcomes in older men undergoing on-pump CABG. Contemp Clin Trials. 2012 Jul; 33(4):730-8. PMID: 22414875.
      View in: PubMed
    35. Hildreth KL, Van Pelt RE, Schwartz RS. Obesity, insulin resistance, and Alzheimer's disease. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2012 Aug; 20(8):1549-57. PMID: 22310232; PMCID: PMC4314950.
    36. Betz ME, Schwartz R, Valley M, Lowenstein SR. Older adult opinions about driving cessation: a role for advanced driving directives. J Prim Care Community Health. 2012 Jul 01; 3(3):150-4. PMID: 23803773.
      View in: PubMed
    37. Jankowski CM, Gozansky WS, Van Pelt RE, Wolfe P, Schwartz RS, Kohrt WM. Oral dehydroepiandrosterone replacement in older adults: effects on central adiposity, glucose metabolism and blood lipids. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 2011 Oct; 75(4):456-63. PMID: 21521341; PMCID: PMC3166648.
    38. Villalon KL, Gozansky WS, Van Pelt RE, Wolfe P, Jankowski CM, Schwartz RS, Kohrt WM. A losing battle: weight regain does not restore weight loss-induced bone loss in postmenopausal women. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2011 Dec; 19(12):2345-50. PMID: 21852813; PMCID: PMC3760414.
    39. Ginde AA, Wolfe P, Camargo CA, Schwartz RS. Defining vitamin D status by secondary hyperparathyroidism in the U.S. population. J Endocrinol Invest. 2012 Jan; 35(1):42-8. PMID: 21606669.
      View in: PubMed
    40. Marmon AR, Pascoe MA, Schwartz RS, Enoka RM. Associations among strength, steadiness, and hand function across the adult life span. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2011 Apr; 43(4):560-7. PMID: 20689447.
      View in: PubMed
    41. Rosenberg S, Elashoff MR, Beineke P, Daniels SE, Wingrove JA, Tingley WG, Sager PT, Sehnert AJ, Yau M, Kraus WE, Newby LK, Schwartz RS, Voros S, Ellis SG, Tahirkheli N, Waksman R, McPherson J, Lansky A, Winn ME, Schork NJ, Topol EJ. Multicenter validation of the diagnostic accuracy of a blood-based gene expression test for assessing obstructive coronary artery disease in nondiabetic patients. Ann Intern Med. 2010 Oct 05; 153(7):425-34. PMID: 20921541; PMCID: PMC3786733.
    42. Van Pelt RE, Jankowski CM, Gozansky WS, Wolfe P, Schwartz RS, Kohrt WM. Sex differences in the association of thigh fat and metabolic risk in older adults. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2011 Feb; 19(2):422-8. PMID: 20559300; PMCID: PMC3156571.
    43. Kohrt WM, Barry DW, Van Pelt RE, Jankowski CM, Wolfe P, Schwartz RS. Timing of ibuprofen use and bone mineral density adaptations to exercise training. J Bone Miner Res. 2010 Jun; 25(6):1415-22. PMID: 20200939; PMCID: PMC3152206.
    44. Kohrt WM, Barry DW, Schwartz RS. Muscle forces or gravity: what predominates mechanical loading on bone? Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2009 Nov; 41(11):2050-5. PMID: 19812511; PMCID: PMC3037021.
    45. Philipp S, Böse D, Wijns W, Marso SP, Schwartz RS, König A, Lerman A, Garcia-Garcia HM, Serruys PW, Erbel R. Do systemic risk factors impact invasive findings from virtual histology? Insights from the international virtual histology registry. Eur Heart J. 2010 Jan; 31(2):196-202. PMID: 19854730.
      View in: PubMed
    46. Valenti G, Ferrucci L, Lauretani F, Ceresini G, Bandinelli S, Luci M, Ceda G, Maggio M, Schwartz RS. Dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate and cognitive function in the elderly: The InCHIANTI Study. J Endocrinol Invest. 2009 Oct; 32(9):766-72. PMID: 19620821.
      View in: PubMed
    47. Knickelbine T, Lesser JR, Haas TS, Brandenburg ER, Gleason-Han BK, Flygenring B, Longe TF, Schwartz RS, Maron BJ. Identification of unexpected nonatherosclerotic cardiovascular disease with coronary CT angiography. JACC Cardiovasc Imaging. 2009 Sep; 2(9):1085-92. PMID: 19761987.
      View in: PubMed
    48. Ginde AA, Scragg R, Schwartz RS, Camargo CA. Prospective study of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D level, cardiovascular disease mortality, and all-cause mortality in older U.S. adults. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2009 Sep; 57(9):1595-603. PMID: 19549021.
      View in: PubMed
    49. Valenti G, Schwartz RS. Anabolic decline in the aging male: a situation of unbalanced syncrinology. Aging Male. 2008 Dec; 11(4):153-6. PMID: 19172545.
      View in: PubMed
    50. Jankowski CM, Gozansky WS, Kittelson JM, Van Pelt RE, Schwartz RS, Kohrt WM. Increases in bone mineral density in response to oral dehydroepiandrosterone replacement in older adults appear to be mediated by serum estrogens. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2008 Dec; 93(12):4767-73. PMID: 18812486; PMCID: PMC2626446.
    51. Jankowski CM, Gozansky WS, Van Pelt RE, Schenkman ML, Wolfe P, Schwartz RS, Kohrt WM. Relative contributions of adiposity and muscularity to physical function in community-dwelling older adults. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2008 May; 16(5):1039-44. PMID: 18292753; PMCID: PMC4391797.
    52. Larson DM, Menssen KM, Sharkey SW, Duval S, Schwartz RS, Harris J, Meland JT, Unger BT, Henry TD. "False-positive" cardiac catheterization laboratory activation among patients with suspected ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. JAMA. 2007 Dec 19; 298(23):2754-60. PMID: 18165668.
      View in: PubMed
    53. Van Pelt RE, Schwartz RS, Kohrt WM. Insulin secretion and clearance after subacute estradiol administration in postmenopausal women. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2008 Feb; 93(2):484-90. PMID: 17986638; PMCID: PMC2243232.
    54. Melanson EL, Donahoo WT, Grunwald GK, Schwartz R. Changes in 24-h substrate oxidation in older and younger men in response to exercise. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2007 Nov; 103(5):1576-82. PMID: 17717111.
      View in: PubMed
    55. Van Pelt RE, Gozansky WS, Hickner RC, Schwartz RS, Kohrt WM. Acute modulation of adipose tissue lipolysis by intravenous estrogens. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2006 Dec; 14(12):2163-72. PMID: 17189542; PMCID: PMC2832608.
    56. Lim SY, Kim YS, Ahn Y, Jeong MH, Rok LS, Kim JH, Kim KH, Park HW, Kim W, Cho JG, Park JC, Kang PM, Schwartz RS, Kang JC. The effects of granulocyte-colony stimulating factor in bare stent and sirolimus-eluting stent in pigs following myocardial infarction. Int J Cardiol. 2007 Jun 12; 118(3):304-11. PMID: 17052793.
      View in: PubMed
    57. Elesber AA, Lerman A, Denktas AE, Resch ZT, Jared Bunch T, Schwartz RS, Conover CA. Pregnancy associated plasma protein-A and risk stratification of patients presenting with chest pain in the emergency department. Int J Cardiol. 2007 May 02; 117(3):365-9. PMID: 16859783.
      View in: PubMed
    58. Jankowski CM, Gozansky WS, Schwartz RS, Dahl DJ, Kittelson JM, Scott SM, Van Pelt RE, Kohrt WM. Effects of dehydroepiandrosterone replacement therapy on bone mineral density in older adults: a randomized, controlled trial. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2006 Aug; 91(8):2986-93. PMID: 16735495.
      View in: PubMed
    59. Stone GW, Colombo A, Teirstein PS, Moses JW, Leon MB, Reifart NJ, Mintz GS, Hoye A, Cox DA, Baim DS, Strauss BH, Selmon M, Moussa I, Suzuki T, Tamai H, Katoh O, Mitsudo K, Grube E, Cannon LA, Kandzari DE, Reisman M, Schwartz RS, Bailey S, Dangas G, Mehran R, Abizaid A, Serruys PW. Percutaneous recanalization of chronically occluded coronary arteries: procedural techniques, devices, and results. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2005 Oct; 66(2):217-36. PMID: 16155889.
      View in: PubMed
    60. Van Pelt RE, Jankowski CM, Gozansky WS, Schwartz RS, Kohrt WM. Lower-body adiposity and metabolic protection in postmenopausal women. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2005 Aug; 90(8):4573-8. PMID: 15886255; PMCID: PMC2819700.
    61. McTiernan A, Sorensen B, Yasui Y, Tworoger SS, Ulrich CM, Irwin ML, Rudolph RE, Stanczyk FZ, Schwartz RS, Potter JD. No effect of exercise on insulin-like growth factor 1 and insulin-like growth factor binding protein 3 in postmenopausal women: a 12-month randomized clinical trial. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2005 Apr; 14(4):1020-1. PMID: 15824183.
      View in: PubMed
    62. Vitiello MV, Moe KE, Merriam GR, Mazzoni G, Buchner DH, Schwartz RS. Growth hormone releasing hormone improves the cognition of healthy older adults. Neurobiol Aging. 2006 Feb; 27(2):318-23. PMID: 16399214.
      View in: PubMed
    63. Day DS, Gozansky WS, Van Pelt RE, Schwartz RS, Kohrt WM. Sex hormone suppression reduces resting energy expenditure and {beta}-adrenergic support of resting energy expenditure. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2005 Jun; 90(6):3312-7. PMID: 15741268.
      View in: PubMed
    64. Frank LL, Sorensen BE, Yasui Y, Tworoger SS, Schwartz RS, Ulrich CM, Irwin ML, Rudolph RE, Rajan KB, Stanczyk F, Bowen D, Weigle DS, Potter JD, McTiernan A. Effects of exercise on metabolic risk variables in overweight postmenopausal women: a randomized clinical trial. Obes Res. 2005 Mar; 13(3):615-25. PMID: 15833948.
      View in: PubMed
    65. Carr DB, Utzschneider KM, Boyko EJ, Asberry PJ, Hull RL, Kodama K, Callahan HS, Matthys CC, Leonetti DL, Schwartz RS, Kahn SE, Fujimoto WY. A reduced-fat diet and aerobic exercise in Japanese Americans with impaired glucose tolerance decreases intra-abdominal fat and improves insulin sensitivity but not beta-cell function. Diabetes. 2005 Feb; 54(2):340-7. PMID: 15677490.
      View in: PubMed
    66. Foster-Schubert KE, McTiernan A, Frayo RS, Schwartz RS, Rajan KB, Yasui Y, Tworoger SS, Cummings DE. Human plasma ghrelin levels increase during a one-year exercise program. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2005 Feb; 90(2):820-5. PMID: 15585547.
      View in: PubMed
    67. Irwin ML, Tworoger SS, Yasui Y, Rajan B, McVarish L, LaCroix K, Ulrich CM, Bowen D, Schwartz RS, Potter JD, McTiernan A. Influence of demographic, physiologic, and psychosocial variables on adherence to a yearlong moderate-intensity exercise trial in postmenopausal women. Prev Med. 2004 Dec; 39(6):1080-6. PMID: 15539040.
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    68. Gozansky WS, Van Pelt RE, Jankowski CM, Schwartz RS, Kohrt WM. Protection of bone mass by estrogens and raloxifene during exercise-induced weight Loss. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2005 Jan; 90(1):52-9. PMID: 15494466.
      View in: PubMed
    69. McTiernan A, Tworoger SS, Rajan KB, Yasui Y, Sorenson B, Ulrich CM, Chubak J, Stanczyk FZ, Bowen D, Irwin ML, Rudolph RE, Potter JD, Schwartz RS. Effect of exercise on serum androgens in postmenopausal women: a 12-month randomized clinical trial. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2004 Jul; 13(7):1099-105. PMID: 15247119.
      View in: PubMed
    70. Utzschneider KM, Carr DB, Barsness SM, Kahn SE, Schwartz RS. Diet-induced weight loss is associated with an improvement in beta-cell function in older men. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2004 Jun; 89(6):2704-10. PMID: 15181045.
      View in: PubMed
    71. Tworoger SS, Chubak J, Aiello EJ, Yasui Y, Ulrich CM, Farin FM, Stapleton PL, Irwin ML, Potter JD, Schwartz RS, McTiernan A. The effect of CYP19 and COMT polymorphisms on exercise-induced fat loss in postmenopausal women. Obes Res. 2004 Jun; 12(6):972-81. PMID: 15229337.
      View in: PubMed
    72. Atkinson C, Lampe JW, Tworoger SS, Ulrich CM, Bowen D, Irwin ML, Schwartz RS, Rajan BK, Yasui Y, Potter JD, McTiernan A. Effects of a moderate intensity exercise intervention on estrogen metabolism in postmenopausal women. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2004 May; 13(5):868-74. PMID: 15159321.
      View in: PubMed
    73. McTiernan A, Tworoger SS, Ulrich CM, Yasui Y, Irwin ML, Rajan KB, Sorensen B, Rudolph RE, Bowen D, Stanczyk FZ, Potter JD, Schwartz RS. Effect of exercise on serum estrogens in postmenopausal women: a 12-month randomized clinical trial. Cancer Res. 2004 Apr 15; 64(8):2923-8. PMID: 15087413.
      View in: PubMed
    74. Tworoger SS, Yasui Y, Vitiello MV, Schwartz RS, Ulrich CM, Aiello EJ, Irwin ML, Bowen D, Potter JD, McTiernan A. Effects of a yearlong moderate-intensity exercise and a stretching intervention on sleep quality in postmenopausal women. Sleep. 2003 Nov 01; 26(7):830-6. PMID: 14655916.
      View in: PubMed
    75. Naghavi M, Libby P, Falk E, Casscells SW, Litovsky S, Rumberger J, Badimon JJ, Stefanadis C, Moreno P, Pasterkamp G, Fayad Z, Stone PH, Waxman S, Raggi P, Madjid M, Zarrabi A, Burke A, Yuan C, Fitzgerald PJ, Siscovick DS, de Korte CL, Aikawa M, Airaksinen KE, Assmann G, Becker CR, Chesebro JH, Farb A, Galis ZS, Jackson C, Jang IK, Koenig W, Lodder RA, March K, Demirovic J, Navab M, Priori SG, Rekhter MD, Bahr R, Grundy SM, Mehran R, Colombo A, Boerwinkle E, Ballantyne C, Insull W, Schwartz RS, Vogel R, Serruys PW, Hansson GK, Faxon DP, Kaul S, Drexler H, Greenland P, Muller JE, Virmani R, Ridker PM, Zipes DP, Shah PK, Willerson JT. From vulnerable plaque to vulnerable patient: a call for new definitions and risk assessment strategies: Part II. Circulation. 2003 Oct 14; 108(15):1772-8. PMID: 14557340.
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    76. Naghavi M, Libby P, Falk E, Casscells SW, Litovsky S, Rumberger J, Badimon JJ, Stefanadis C, Moreno P, Pasterkamp G, Fayad Z, Stone PH, Waxman S, Raggi P, Madjid M, Zarrabi A, Burke A, Yuan C, Fitzgerald PJ, Siscovick DS, de Korte CL, Aikawa M, Juhani Airaksinen KE, Assmann G, Becker CR, Chesebro JH, Farb A, Galis ZS, Jackson C, Jang IK, Koenig W, Lodder RA, March K, Demirovic J, Navab M, Priori SG, Rekhter MD, Bahr R, Grundy SM, Mehran R, Colombo A, Boerwinkle E, Ballantyne C, Insull W, Schwartz RS, Vogel R, Serruys PW, Hansson GK, Faxon DP, Kaul S, Drexler H, Greenland P, Muller JE, Virmani R, Ridker PM, Zipes DP, Shah PK, Willerson JT. From vulnerable plaque to vulnerable patient: a call for new definitions and risk assessment strategies: Part I. Circulation. 2003 Oct 07; 108(14):1664-72. PMID: 14530185.
      View in: PubMed
    77. Merriam GR, Schwartz RS, Vitiello MV. Growth hormone-releasing hormone and growth hormone secretagogues in normal aging. Endocrine. 2003 Oct; 22(1):41-8. PMID: 14610297.
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    78. Van Pelt RE, Gozansky WS, Schwartz RS, Kohrt WM. Intravenous estrogens increase insulin clearance and action in postmenopausal women. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2003 Aug; 285(2):E311-7. PMID: 12684221; PMCID: PMC2819703.
    79. Rodriguez-Porcel M, Lerman A, Herrmann J, Schwartz RS, Sawamura T, Condorelli M, Napoli C, Lerman LO. Hypertension exacerbates the effect of hypercholesterolemia on the myocardial microvasculature. Cardiovasc Res. 2003 Apr 01; 58(1):213-21. PMID: 12667964.
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    80. Irwin ML, Yasui Y, Ulrich CM, Bowen D, Rudolph RE, Schwartz RS, Yukawa M, Aiello E, Potter JD, McTiernan A. Effect of exercise on total and intra-abdominal body fat in postmenopausal women: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA. 2003 Jan 15; 289(3):323-30. PMID: 12525233.
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    81. Wallace JI, Schwartz RS. Epidemiology of weight loss in humans with special reference to wasting in the elderly. Int J Cardiol. 2002 Sep; 85(1):15-21. PMID: 12163206.
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    82. Liao D, Asberry PJ, Shofer JB, Callahan H, Matthys C, Boyko EJ, Leonetti D, Kahn SE, Austin M, Newell L, Schwartz RS, Fujimoto WY. Improvement of BMI, body composition, and body fat distribution with lifestyle modification in Japanese Americans with impaired glucose tolerance. Diabetes Care. 2002 Sep; 25(9):1504-10. PMID: 12196418.
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    83. Bayes-Genis A, Conover CA, Overgaard MT, Bailey KR, Christiansen M, Holmes DR, Virmani R, Oxvig C, Schwartz RS. Pregnancy-associated plasma protein A as a marker of acute coronary syndromes. N Engl J Med. 2001 Oct 04; 345(14):1022-9. PMID: 11586954.
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    84. Purnell JQ, Kahn SE, Schwartz RS, Brunzell JD. Relationship of insulin sensitivity and ApoB levels to intra-abdominal fat in subjects with familial combined hyperlipidemia. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2001 Apr; 21(4):567-72. PMID: 11304474.
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    85. Kahn SE, Prigeon RL, Schwartz RS, Fujimoto WY, Knopp RH, Brunzell JD, Porte D. Obesity, body fat distribution, insulin sensitivity and Islet beta-cell function as explanations for metabolic diversity. J Nutr. 2001 Feb; 131(2):354S-60S. PMID: 11160560.
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    86. Mystkowski P, Shankland E, Schreyer SA, LeBoeuf RC, Schwartz RS, Cummings DE, Kushmerick M, Schwartz MW. Validation of whole-body magnetic resonance spectroscopy as a tool to assess murine body composition. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 2000 Jun; 24(6):719-24. PMID: 10878678.
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    87. Røder ME, Schwartz RS, Prigeon RL, Kahn SE. Reduced pancreatic B cell compensation to the insulin resistance of aging: impact on proinsulin and insulin levels. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2000 Jun; 85(6):2275-80. PMID: 10852463.
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    88. Mills PA, Huetteman DA, Brockway BP, Zwiers LM, Gelsema AJ, Schwartz RS, Kramer K. A new method for measurement of blood pressure, heart rate, and activity in the mouse by radiotelemetry. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2000 May; 88(5):1537-44. PMID: 10797109.
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    89. Purnell JQ, Kahn SE, Albers JJ, Nevin DN, Brunzell JD, Schwartz RS. Effect of weight loss with reduction of intra-abdominal fat on lipid metabolism in older men. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2000 Mar; 85(3):977-82. PMID: 10720026.
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    90. Schwartz RS, Lubbe D, Altman J, Holmes DR. Local arterial drug delivery: a golden gun without bullets? J Invasive Cardiol. 1999 Oct; 11(10):620-1. PMID: 10745445.
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    91. Cress ME, Buchner DM, Questad KA, Esselman PC, deLateur BJ, Schwartz RS. Exercise: effects on physical functional performance in independent older adults. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 1999 May; 54(5):M242-8. PMID: 10362007.
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    92. Levy WC, Cerqueira MD, Harp GD, Johannessen KA, Abrass IB, Schwartz RS, Stratton JR. Effect of endurance exercise training on heart rate variability at rest in healthy young and older men. Am J Cardiol. 1998 Nov 15; 82(10):1236-41. PMID: 9832101.
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    93. Kahn SE, Verchere CB, Andrikopoulos S, Asberry PJ, Leonetti DL, Wahl PW, Boyko EJ, Schwartz RS, Newell-Morris L, Fujimoto WY. Reduced amylin release is a characteristic of impaired glucose tolerance and type 2 diabetes in Japanese Americans. Diabetes. 1998 Apr; 47(4):640-5. PMID: 9568698.
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    94. Røder ME, Porte D, Schwartz RS, Kahn SE. Disproportionately elevated proinsulin levels reflect the degree of impaired B cell secretory capacity in patients with noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1998 Feb; 83(2):604-8. PMID: 9467581.
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    95. Wallace JI, Schwartz RS. Involuntary weight loss in elderly outpatients: recognition, etiologies, and treatment. Clin Geriatr Med. 1997 Nov; 13(4):717-35. PMID: 9354751.
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    96. Vitiello MV, Wilkinson CW, Merriam GR, Moe KE, Prinz PN, Ralph DD, Colasurdo EA, Schwartz RS. Successful 6-month endurance training does not alter insulin-like growth factor-I in healthy older men and women. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 1997 May; 52(3):M149-54. PMID: 9158556.
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    97. Staab ME, Srivatsa SS, Lerman A, Sangiorgi G, Jeong MH, Edwards WD, Holmes DR, Schwartz RS. Arterial remodeling after experimental percutaneous injury is highly dependent on adventitial injury and histopathology. Int J Cardiol. 1997 Jan 03; 58(1):31-40. PMID: 9021425.
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    98. Cress ME, Buchner DM, Questad KA, Esselman PC, deLateur BJ, Schwartz RS. Continuous-scale physical functional performance in healthy older adults: a validation study. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1996 Dec; 77(12):1243-50. PMID: 8976306.
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    99. Vitaliano PP, Scanlan JM, Krenz C, Schwartz RS, Marcovina SM. Psychological distress, caregiving, and metabolic variables. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 1996 Sep; 51(5):P290-9. PMID: 8809005.
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    100. Chandler WL, Schwartz RS, Stratton JR, Vitiello MV. Effects of endurance training on the circadian rhythm of fibrinolysis in men and women. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1996 Jun; 28(6):647-55. PMID: 8784750.
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    101. Schwartz RS, Chu A, Edwards WD, Srivatsa SS, Simari RD, Isner JM, Holmes DR. A proliferation analysis of arterial neointimal hyperplasia: lessons for antiproliferative restenosis therapies. Int J Cardiol. 1996 Jan; 53(1):71-80. PMID: 8776280.
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    102. Schwartz RS. Trophic factor supplementation: effect on the age-associated changes in body composition. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 1995 Nov; 50 Spec No:151-6. PMID: 7493210.
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    103. Wallace JI, Schwartz RS, LaCroix AZ, Uhlmann RF, Pearlman RA. Involuntary weight loss in older outpatients: incidence and clinical significance. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1995 Apr; 43(4):329-37. PMID: 7706619.
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    104. Stratton JR, Levy WC, Schwartz RS, Abrass IB, Cerqueira MD. Beta-adrenergic effects on left ventricular filling: influence of aging and exercise training. J Appl Physiol (1985). 1994 Dec; 77(6):2522-9. PMID: 7896586.
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    105. Stratton JR, Levy WC, Cerqueira MD, Schwartz RS, Abrass IB. Cardiovascular responses to exercise. Effects of aging and exercise training in healthy men. Circulation. 1994 Apr; 89(4):1648-55. PMID: 8149532.
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    106. Levy WC, Cerqueira MD, Abrass IB, Schwartz RS, Stratton JR. Endurance exercise training augments diastolic filling at rest and during exercise in healthy young and older men. Circulation. 1993 Jul; 88(1):116-26. PMID: 8319324.
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    107. Frye MA, Melton LJ, Bryant SC, Fitzpatrick LA, Wahner HW, Schwartz RS, Riggs BL. Osteoporosis and calcification of the aorta. Bone Miner. 1992 Nov; 19(2):185-94. PMID: 1422314.
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    108. Stratton JR, Cerqueira MD, Schwartz RS, Levy WC, Veith RC, Kahn SE, Abrass IB. Differences in cardiovascular responses to isoproterenol in relation to age and exercise training in healthy men. Circulation. 1992 Aug; 86(2):504-12. PMID: 1638718.
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    109. Schwartz RS, Davis RD. Accuracy of second pour casts using dual-arch impressions. Am J Dent. 1992 Aug; 5(4):192-4. PMID: 1290607.
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    110. Kahn SE, Larson VG, Schwartz RS, Beard JC, Cain KC, Fellingham GW, Stratton JR, Cerqueira MD, Abrass IB. Exercise training delineates the importance of B-cell dysfunction to the glucose intolerance of human aging. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1992 Jun; 74(6):1336-42. PMID: 1592879.
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    111. Schwartz RS, Cain KC, Shuman WP, Larson V, Stratton JR, Beard JC, Kahn SE, Cerqueira MD, Abrass IB. Effect of intensive endurance training on lipoprotein profiles in young and older men. Metabolism. 1992 Jun; 41(6):649-54. PMID: 1640851.
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    112. Schwartz RS, Shuman WP, Larson V, Cain KC, Fellingham GW, Beard JC, Kahn SE, Stratton JR, Cerqueira MD, Abrass IB. The effect of intensive endurance exercise training on body fat distribution in young and older men. Metabolism. 1991 May; 40(5):545-51. PMID: 2023542.
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    113. Kahn SE, Schwartz RS, Porte D, Abrass IB. The glucose intolerance of aging. Implications for intervention. Hosp Pract (Off Ed). 1991 Apr 30; 26(4A):29-38. PMID: 2016375.
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    114. Schwartz RS, Shuman WP, Bradbury VL, Cain KC, Fellingham GW, Beard JC, Kahn SE, Stratton JR, Cerqueira MD, Abrass IB. Body fat distribution in healthy young and older men. J Gerontol. 1990 Nov; 45(6):M181-5. PMID: 2229940.
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    115. Schwartz RS, Jaeger LF, Veith RC. The thermic effect of feeding in older men: the importance of the sympathetic nervous system. Metabolism. 1990 Jul; 39(7):733-7. PMID: 2195295.
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    116. Kahn SE, Larson VG, Beard JC, Cain KC, Fellingham GW, Schwartz RS, Veith RC, Stratton JR, Cerqueira MD, Abrass IB. Effect of exercise on insulin action, glucose tolerance, and insulin secretion in aging. Am J Physiol. 1990 Jun; 258(6 Pt 1):E937-43. PMID: 2193534.
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    117. Schwartz RS, Jaeger LF, Veith RC, Lakshminarayan S. The effect of diet or exercise on plasma norepinephrine kinetics in moderately obese young men. Int J Obes. 1990 Jan; 14(1):1-11. PMID: 2179146.
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    118. Schwartz RS. Effects of exercise training on high density lipoproteins and apolipoprotein A-I in old and young men. Metabolism. 1988 Dec; 37(12):1128-33. PMID: 3143048.
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    119. Schwartz RS, Jaeger LF, Veith RC. The importance of body composition to the increase in plasma norepinephrine appearance rate in elderly men. J Gerontol. 1987 Sep; 42(5):546-51. PMID: 3114359.
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    120. Schwartz RS. The independent effects of dietary weight loss and aerobic training on high density lipoproteins and apolipoprotein A-I concentrations in obese men. Metabolism. 1987 Feb; 36(2):165-71. PMID: 3100910.
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    121. Schwartz RS, Jaeger LF, Silberstein S, Veith RC. Sympathetic nervous system activity and the thermic effect of feeding in man. Int J Obes. 1987; 11(2):141-9. PMID: 3610467.
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    122. Schwartz RS, Ravussin E, Massari M, O'Connell M, Robbins DC. The thermic effect of carbohydrate versus fat feeding in man. Metabolism. 1985 Mar; 34(3):285-93. PMID: 3883098.
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    123. Ravussin E, Bogardus C, Schwartz RS, Robbins DC, Wolfe RR, Horton ES, Danforth E, Sims EA. Thermic effect of infused glucose and insulin in man. Decreased response with increased insulin resistance in obesity and noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. J Clin Invest. 1983 Sep; 72(3):893-902. PMID: 6350368; PMCID: PMC1129254.
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