Colorado PROFILES, The Colorado Clinical and Translational Sciences Institute (CCTSI)
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The Metabolic Syndrome (MS) is an independent risk factor for inflammatory diseases of the lung, and improved understanding of the mechanism by which MS contributes to lung inflammation offers hope for the development of new treatment strategies. Chronic, low grade systemic inflammation is a component of MS that may promote lung inflammation in part through the proinflammatory properties of uric acid (UA), which is increased in MS patients. Presently, the role of UA in ALI/ARDS is poorly understood and is confounded by comorbidity factors commonly associated with MS such as hyperglycemia or insulin resistance that may also affect lung inflammation. We recently developed a conditional knockout of XOR in mice that enables us to investigate the specific role of serum UA in mouse models of ALI/ARDS. This grant will advance our knowledge of MS mediated inflammatory lung disease by characterizing the role of XOR and UA in novel robust mouse models of MS that will be validated by prospective analysis of MS associated inflammatory lung disease in humans. Our aims are (1) To determine whether serum UA contributes to mouse models of ALI/ARDS by knocking out hepatocyte XOR using a newly generated XORfl/fl mouse strain that will be treated with hepatocyte targeted Cre recombinase. These experiments will be contrasted to mice made hyperuricemic by fructose feeding. ALI/ARDS will be induced using Th1 cytokine or LPS insufflation subsequent to XOR ablation. (2) To determine whether serum UA contributes to ALI/ARDS in a genetic model of hyperuricemia we will knockout hepatocyte XOR in Leprdb-lb mice that will be treated with hepatocyte targeted anti-XOR-shRNA prior to cytokine or LPS insufflation. These experiments will be contrasted to Leprdb-lb mice treated with systemic pharmacological inhibitors of XOR prior to LPS or Th1 cytokine insufflation. (3) To determine whether serum UA is predictive of clinical outcome in ALI/ARDS patients presenting with MS we will screen human patient data developed at the University of Colorado Hospital ICU to correlate serum UA with patient outcome for MS patients exhibiting ALI/ARDS. Data produced by this study may recommend UA as an important parameter for measurement in human clinical trials and may indicate its relevance as a therapeutic target in the management of MS associated lung inflammatory disorders.
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